英文词根词典简化笔记

文章目录

  • 字根 Root
      • 字根A
        • ac, acr, acid = sour(酸的)sharp(锐利的)
        • ag, act, ig = to drive(驱使), to do(做)
        • agon = struggle, 表示“挣扎, 斗争”
        • agr(o), agri = 田地
        • al, ol, ul = to nourish(滋养)
        • alt (haut) = high
        • ali, al, alter(ulter, altru) = other 其他的, 变更
        • am(em, im, m) = to love, frendly
        • ambul(ambl) = to walk
        • ampl = large, 表示“大”
        • ang = to strangle 勒死, 窒息
        • angul, angl = corner, angle 角
        • anim = life, mind, breath
        • ann, enn = year
        • apt(ept, att) = fit 适当的
        • aqua, aqu, aque, aqui = water 水 hydr(o) 水。
        • arch, archy = ruler, rule, chief, 表示“统治者, 统治, 主要的”
        • argu = make clear 解释清楚
        • arm = weapons 武器
        • art = skill art 技巧 艺术
        • aster astr = star 星星
        • athl = contest prize
        • atm = vapor 蒸汽
        • audi = hear 听
        • aug = increase make to grow 增加 使生长
        • aur = ear 耳朵
        • avi = bird 鸟
      • 字根b
        • ball = dance
        • ban = proclaim forbid
        • band = bind 捆绑
        • bar barr = bar 棒子 障碍
        • bas bat = go step
        • bell = war 战争
        • bib = drink
        • bibli= book
        • bio = life 生命
        • blanc = white
        • brac brachi = arm
      • 字根C
        • cad cid cas = fall
        • cal = heat 热
        • calc = lime 石灰
        • camp = field
        • cand = white glowing 白色的 光辉的
        • cant = sing
        • cap capit = head
        • cap cip cept ceive = take
        • car = car 车
        • carbo = coal charcoal 煤 木炭
        • card = heard
        • carn = flesh 肉
        • cast = throw
        • cause cuse = reason 理由
        • cav = hollow 中空的
        • cede ceed cess = go yield 让步
        • cel = heaven sky
        • celer = swift 快速的
        • cell = small room bide
        • cent = hundred 百
        • centr = center 中心
        • cern cret = separate 分开
        • cert = sure 确定的
        • chem = chemical
        • chol = bile 胆汁
        • chor = dance
        • chron = time
        • cide cise = cut 切割
        • circ = circle 圆
        • cite = call urge 召唤
        • cive = citizen
        • chaim clam = cry
        • clar = clear
        • claus close clud clus = chose 关闭
        • clin clim = bend slope
        • cogn = gnos = know 知道
        • col cult = till 耕种
        • coll = neck
        • cord = heart
        • corp = body
        • cosm = universe order 宇宙 秩序
        • count = count 数
        • cover = cover 覆盖
        • cracy crat = rule power 统治 权力
        • cre cresc = make grow
        • cred = believe
        • cri = judge 判断
        • crim = crime
        • cruc = cross
        • cryst = crystal 水晶
        • cur course = run
        • cur cure = take care
        • curv = curved
        • cuss = strike shake
        • cycl = circle
      • 字根 d
        • damn = damage
        • deb = owe 欠债
        • dei div = god
        • dem = people
        • dent = tooth
        • dic = proclaim
        • dict = say
        • dign = worthy
        • divid = divide 分割
        • doc = teach
        • dog dox = opinion praise
        • dom = house
        • dom domin = rule
        • don dat give
        • dorm = sleep 睡觉
        • draw = draw
        • dress = directstraighten
        • duce duct = lead
        • dur = hard last
        • dyn dynam
      • 字根e
        • eco oec = house 家
        • ed = eat
        • ego = I self
        • electr = electric
        • empt = take buy
        • equ = equal
        • erg urg = word
        • err = wander err
        • ess = be 存在
        • ethn = race 种族
        • ev = age 年龄
      • 字根 f
        • fa fess = speak 说
        • fac = face
        • fac fact fect fic = make do 制造 做
        • fall, fals = deceive
        • fare = go
        • fend = strike 打击
        • fer = carry bear
        • fest = festival
        • fibr = fiver 纤维
        • fict fig = form shape
        • fid = trust
        • fil = thread 线
        • fin = end limit
        • firm = firm
        • fal = blow
        • flam flagr = flame burn
        • flect,flex = bend 弯曲的
        • flict = strike
        • flor= flower
        • flu flux = flow 流
        • form = form
        • fort = strong
        • fract frag = break
        • franc = free
        • front = forehead
        • fug = flee
        • fum = smoke
        • fund fund = base
        • fuse = pore
      • 字根g
        • ge = earth
        • gen = produce; race
        • germ = bud seed
        • gest ger = carry
        • glob = ball
        • gorg gurg = throat
        • grad gress = walk
        • gram graph = write
        • grand = great
        • grat = please
        • grav = heavy
      • 字根h
        • hab = have
        • hap = luck
        • helic= spiral
        • her = heir
        • herb = grass
        • here hes = stick
        • horr = tremble
        • hum = man
        • hum = ground 地面
        • hydr = water
        • hyster = womb
      • 字根 i
        • ident = the same
        • idio = personal distinct
        • idol = image 想象
        • insul = island
        • it = go
      • 字根j
        • ject jac = throw
        • join junct jug = join 加入
        • journ = day 一天
        • jud = judge
        • just = law right
        • juven jun = young
      • 字根 l
        • lab lep = take seize
        • labor = work
        • laps = slip glide 滑行
        • lat = bring bear 携带
        • lat = wide
        • lav lu = wash
        • lax = loosen
        • lect leg lig = choose gather read
        • leg = law 法律
        • leg = send 派遣
        • lev = raise light
        • liber = free
        • liber libr = balance weigh
        • libr = book
        • lic = be permitted 被允许
        • lig = bind 绑
        • lim limin = threshold 门坎 开端
        • lin = line flax 线 亚麻
        • lingu = tongue language
        • linqu lict lip = leave 离开
        • liqu = fluid 液体
        • liter = letter
        • loc = place
        • log loqu locut = speak
        • logy = study of 学 论
        • long = long
        • luc lust = light
        • lud lus = play
        • lumin = light
        • lys lyt = loosen
      • 字根m
        • magn = great
        • magnes magnet = magnesia magnet 氧化镁 磁铁
        • man = stay 暂留
        • man manu = hand
        • mand = order entrust
        • mania = madness
        • mar = mari = sea
        • mark = mark boundary 做记号 边界
        • matr = mother
        • meas mens = measure 测量
        • mechan = machine
        • med = heal 治疗
        • medi = middle
        • melan = black
        • memor= remember
        • ment = mind 心智
        • merc = trade reward
        • merg mers = sink dip
        • meter metr = measure
        • migr = remove wnader
        • milit = soldier fight
        • min = jut project
        • min = small
        • minister = serve
        • mir = wonder behold
        • misc mix = mix
        • mit miss mis = send let go
        • mod = manner
        • mon = advise remind 劝告
        • monstr = show 表示
        • mor = custom
        • mort - death
        • mount = mountain ascend
        • mov mot mob = move
        • mun = service
        • mut = change
        • myst = mystery 神秘
      • 字根n
        • nat nasc = be born 天生的
        • nau nav = ship
        • nect = bind 绑
        • neg = deny 否认
        • nerv neur = nerve 神经
        • neutr neither 两者都不
        • noc = harm 伤害
        • nom = law
        • nom nomin = name
        • norm = rule norm 规则
        • not = mark
        • nounce nunci = report
        • nov = new
        • nucle = nut
        • nul = nothing
        • numer = number count
        • nutri = nourish
      • 字根 O
        • ocul = eye 眼睛
        • od hod = way
        • od ol = smell
        • od = song 歌曲
        • onym = name
        • oo ov = egg
        • oper = work
        • opt = eye sight 眼睛 视力
        • opt = choose 选择
        • optim = best
        • ora = speak pray
        • ordin = order
        • ori = rise begin
        • orn = decorate 装饰
        • oxy = sharp acid
      • 字根p
        • pac = peace
        • pact = agree gasten
        • pan = bread
        • par = appear
        • par = bear 生
        • par = equal
        • par - prepare 准备
        • part = part
        • pass = pass
        • pat pass = suffer
        • path = felling suffering disease
        • patr = father
        • ped = foot 脚
        • pel puls = drive
        • pen pun = punish 处罚
        • pend pens pond = hang weigh pay
        • per = try 实验
        • pet petit = seek
        • petr = rock 岩石
        • plan = appear show 出现
        • pharmac = drug
        • phe phas = speak
        • phil = love
        • phon = sound
        • photo = light 光
        • phren = mind
        • physi = nature 自然
        • pict = paint
        • pil - hair 毛发
        • plac = please 取悦
        • plain = beat the breast 捶胸悲痛
        • plan = flat 平的
        • plant = plant 种植 植物
        • plas = form 形成
        • plaud = strike clap
        • plen plet = fill ;full
        • plex plic ply - fold 折叠
        • plore = cry 流泪 大叫
        • plus plur = more
        • pneum pneumon = breathe lung
        • pod , pus = foot 脚
        • pol = axis 轴
        • polis polit = city government
        • popul = people
        • port = carry 运送
        • port = gate harbor 大门 港口
        • pos pon = place put 放
        • pot poss = be able power
        • pot pos = drink
        • preci = price 价格
        • pred = prey plunder
        • prehend pris = seize
        • press = 压
        • prim prin = first
        • priv = individual deprive
        • prob = test 实验
        • propr = one ' s own
        • prox proach = near 接近的
        • psych = soul mind
        • pty = fall
        • pung punct = prick 刺
        • pur = pure
        • pute = think prune
      • 字根q
        • quer = complain
        • quer quest quir quisit
        • qui = quiet rest
        • quit = free release
      • 字根 r
        • radi = ray
        • radic = root 根
        • rap = snatch 夺取
        • ras rad = scrape
        • rat = reckon reason
        • rect = right straight
        • reg = keng rule
        • rept = creep
        • rhin = nose 鼻子
        • rid ris = laugh
        • rip riv = stream bank
        • rob = strong
        • rode ros = gnaw
        • rog = ask
        • roll rol = roll 滚动
        • rot = wheel turn 轮子 旋转
        • rud = crude 天然的 粗糙的
        • rupt = break
        • rur rus = country
      • 字根s
        • sacr sanct = sacred
        • sal = salt 盐
        • sal sil sult = leap
        • salut san = health
        • sat = enough
        • scal = ladder
        • scend = climb
        • sci = know
        • scop = look
        • scrib script = write
        • sect = cut
        • sed sid sess = sit 坐
        • semin = seed
        • sen = old
        • sens sent = feel 感觉
        • sequ secut sue = follow
        • sert = join put
        • serv = serve keep 服务 保存
        • sign = mark
        • simil simul sembl = like same
        • sist = stand
        • smith = worker 工人
        • soci = companion join
        • sol = alone
        • sol = sun
        • solid = solid 坚固的
        • solv solut = loosen 松开
        • son = sound
        • soph = wise wisdom
        • sort = kind
        • spec spect spic = see look
        • sper = hope
        • spers = scatter 散布
        • spher = ball
        • spir = breathe 呼吸
        • splend = shine
        • spond spons = promise
        • st stit stitu = stand
        • stall = place
        • stig sting stinct = prick
        • stom = mouth
        • ston = stone 石头
        • strat = army
        • strat = spread 展开
        • string strict = draw tight
        • stroph turn 转动
        • stru struct = build
        • suade suas = advise
        • sume sumpt = take
        • summ = sum ; highest
        • sur = sure secure 确定
        • surge = rise
      • 字根t
        • tail = cut
        • tang tact = touch 接触
        • tax taxt = arrange
        • techn = art skill 艺术 技巧
        • tect = builder
        • tect teg = cover
        • temper = mix properly
        • tempor = time
        • tempt = try
        • ten tin tain = hold keep
        • tend tens tent = stretch
        • term = end limit
        • terr = earth
        • terr = frighten 惊吓
        • test = witness
        • text = weave
        • therap = cure
        • thes thet = place put
        • tim = fear
        • tom = cut 切割
        • ton = tone
        • ton = thunder 打雷
        • tor tort = twist
        • tour = turn
        • tox = poison
        • tract = draw
        • tribut = pay bestow
        • trop = turn 转
        • troph = nourish 滋养
        • trud trus = thrust push
        • tum = swell 膨胀
        • turb = disturb 扰乱
      • 字根u
        • ultim = last
        • umbr = shadow
        • und = wave
        • ur = tail 尾巴
        • urb = city 城市
        • us ut = use
      • 字根v
        • vac can void = empty
        • vade vas = go
        • vag = wander 流浪
        • val vail = strong worth
        • var = diverse change
        • veh vect = carry
        • velop = wrap 包裹
        • ven vent = come
        • venge = avenge 报仇
        • ver = true
        • verb = word
        • verg = incline
        • vers vert = turn
        • vest = chothe garment
        • vi via voy = way
        • vic vice = substitution
        • vict vinc = conquer 征服
        • vid vis = see
        • vig veg = lively
        • vit = life
        • viv - live
        • voc voke = voice call
        • vol = will
        • volve volut = roll
        • vor = eat
        • vulcan = vulcan
        • vulg = common people
      • 字根w
        • war = aware
        • wright = worker 工人
      • 字根x
        • xer = dry
      • 字根z
        • zo = animal
  • 前缀 Prefix
      • A
        • a- = in; on
        • a = intensive 加强语气
        • a an = not without
        • ab = from /away from /off
        • ad = at for to 表方向或加强
        • al = all
        • ambi
        • ana
        • ante
        • anti
        • apo
        • be
        • be = by
        • bene
        • bi
        • cata
        • circum
        • com
        • contra = against
        • de = down downward
        • de = apart away from
        • deca = ten
        • di diplo = double twice
        • dia = across between through
        • dis = apart away not
        • duo = double two
        • dys = bad
        • e
        • en = at in into near on
        • epi = among beseides to upon
        • ex = fully out
        • exo = outside
        • extra = beyond
        • for = away from
        • fore = before
        • forth = towards
        • hemi= half
        • hetero = other different
        • hypo = under
        • in = in into on
        • in = negative not
        • infra = blow
        • inter = between among
        • intra intro = inward within
        • kilo 千
        • mal = badly ill
        • meta = atter among with 变化
        • micro = small
        • mis = bad ill wrong
        • mono = along single sole
        • mult = many much
        • ne = negative not
        • neo new
        • non = not
        • November nine
        • ob = at against before near over toward
        • octa = eight
        • out = beyond out
        • over = above across beyond
        • para = against beside beyond contrary
        • pen = almost
        • per = away through
        • peri = around round about
        • poly = many
        • post = after behind
        • pre = before
        • problem
        • re = again back
        • se = apart away
        • sept = seven
        • step = orphaned 同父异母的 孤儿
        • sub = under
        • super = above over
        • syn = with together
        • tele = far off
        • trans = beyond across over
        • tri = three threefold
        • twi = two
        • un = not
        • un = the reversal of an action
        • under = beneath under
        • uni = one
        • up = up aloft
        • with= against bact
  • 后缀 suffix
    • 名词后缀
      • 表示人的名词后缀
        • ain
        • aire air
        • an ian ean
        • ant
        • ar
        • ard art 过于xxx的人
        • ary
        • ate
        • ee 被xx的人
        • eer
        • en
        • ent 动作者
        • er 从事xx职业的人
        • ese 专有名词之后 xxx人 xxx语 也可形容词
        • ess 希腊文 女性名词
        • eur 表示人的法文后缀
        • herd 管理家畜的人
        • ier 法文 与xx事物有关的人
        • iff
        • ist xx主义者 从事xxx的专家
        • ive 形容词表示名词的后缀
        • man sman
        • on
        • or our 拉丁文 与ee相对都人
        • ster 古英语
        • y yer
      • 表示小的名词后缀
        • cle
        • (c)ule
        • el le
        • en in 小型的
        • et ette
        • kin
        • let
        • ling 幼小 不重要
        • ie y 专有名词昵称
      • 抽象名词后缀
        • ade 行动 行动的人
        • age
        • al 把动词变成抽象名词
        • ance ancey
        • cy
        • dom 权力地位
        • hood head 时期 状态 性质
        • ics 学术用语
        • ice ise 表状态
        • ing 状态
        • ion
        • ism asm
        • itude
        • um 元素
        • ment 法文 结果 手段
        • mony
        • ness 形容词变成抽象名词
        • our
        • ry ery 的缩写
        • ship 样子 shape
        • t th
        • ty
        • ure
        • y
        • ary
        • ry
      • 表示地点的名词后缀
        • ace
        • age
        • ary
        • dom
        • ery
        • ory
        • um
        • y
    • 形容词后缀
        • able ible
        • al ial 有关xx
        • an ian 专有名词之后当形容词 xxr
        • ant ent 拉丁文
        • ar
        • ary
        • ate ete ute
        • ed
        • en 由什么制成的
        • ern 方向
        • ful
        • ic 与什么有关的
        • ical
        • id
        • ile 易于 有xxx的倾向
        • ine
        • ing
        • ior 拉丁语中比较级的后缀
        • ique esque
        • ish
        • ite
        • ive
        • less
        • like
        • ly 接名词变形容词 接形容词变副词
        • most
        • ory
        • ous
        • proof
        • some same的变形 像xx样子 有xx倾向
        • ward
        • y
    • 副词后缀
        • ence form
        • ly
        • s
        • ward 表示方向
        • way
    • 动词后缀
        • ate
        • en 使xxx
        • er
        • ify
        • ish
        • ize ise
        • le = 反复
  • 推荐资源

字根 Root

字根A

ac, acr, acid = sour(酸的)sharp(锐利的)

acid
acute

ag, act, ig = to drive(驱使), to do(做)

act action active activity actual actually
enact enactment exact exacting exactly
interact react reaction transaction agency agenda agent
ambiguous ambition 野心

agon = struggle, 表示“挣扎, 斗争”

agony 极大的痛苦

agr(o), agri = 田地

agriculture农业

al, ol, ul = to nourish(滋养)

adolescence 青春期
adolescent
adult
adulthood

alt (haut) = high

altitutde 海拔 高度

ali, al, alter(ulter, altru) = other 其他的, 变更

alter
alternate
alien
alienate

am(em, im, m) = to love, frendly

amateur 业余爱好者
amiable 和蔼可亲的
amorist 情人
enemy 敌人

ambul(ambl) = to walk

ambulance 救护车

ampl = large, 表示“大”

ample
amplify

ang = to strangle 勒死, 窒息

anger
angry
anxiety
anxious

angul, angl = corner, angle 角

angle
rectangle
triangle

anim = life, mind, breath

animal
animate
animation 动画
unanimous

ann, enn = year

anniversary 周年纪念
annual

apt(ept, att) = fit 适当的

apt
aptitude
adapt
adaptation

aqua, aqu, aque, aqui = water 水 hydr(o) 水。

aquaman
aquarium

arch, archy = ruler, rule, chief, 表示“统治者, 统治, 主要的”

architect 建筑师
monarch 君主

argu = make clear 解释清楚

argue

arm = weapons 武器

arms
armor
army
alarm

art = skill art 技巧 艺术

art
ariist
artistic
artifact
artificial

aster astr = star 星星

astronaut
astronomy
astronomer
disaster
disastrous

athl = contest prize

athlete
athletics

atm = vapor 蒸汽

atmosphere

audi = hear 听

audience
audio
auditorium
obedient
obey

aug = increase make to grow 增加 使生长

auction
author
authority
authorize
authentic

aur = ear 耳朵

auriscope 耳镜

avi = bird 鸟

aviation 飞行

字根b

ball = dance

ball 舞会
ballet 芭蕾舞

ban = proclaim forbid

ban 禁止
bandit 强盗
abandon

band = bind 捆绑

band
bandage
bond
bond
bondage
bound
boundary

bar barr = bar 棒子 障碍

bar
barrel
embarrass
embarrassment
embarrassing

bas bat = go step

base
basement
basis
diabetes

bell = war 战争

rebel
rebellion
bellicose

bib = drink

bibber 酒鬼
beverage 饮料

bibli= book

bible 圣经

bio = life 生命

biography 传记
biology 生物学
antibiotic 抗生素

blanc = white

blank
blanket

brac brachi = arm

brace
bracelet
embrace

字根C

cad cid cas = fall

accident
accidental
incident
coincide
coincidence
case
casual
casualty
occasion
occasional

cal = heat 热

calorie 卡路里

calc = lime 石灰

calcium 钙
calculate
calculation
calculator
calculus
chalk 粉笔

camp = field

camp
campaign
campus

cand = white glowing 白色的 光辉的

candle
candidate

cant = sing

chant
accent

cap capit = head

cap
cape
capital
capitalism
capitalist
captain
cabbage

cap cip cept ceive = take

capable
capability
capacity
caption
captive
capture
accept
acceptable
acceptance
conceive
concept
conception
deceive
except
exception
exceptional
perceive
perception
receive
receiver
receipt
reception
recipient
anticipate
anticipation
participate
participation
participle

car = car 车

car
careet
cargo
carry
carriage
carrier
cart
charge
discharge
chariot

carbo = coal charcoal 煤 木炭

carbon

card = heard

cardiac
cardiogram

carn = flesh 肉

carnation
carnival

cast = throw

cast
broadcast
forecast

cause cuse = reason 理由

cause
accuse
excuse

cav = hollow 中空的

cave
cavity

cede ceed cess = go yield 让步

access
accessible
accessory
concede
concession
exceed
excess
excessive
precede
precedent
proceed
process
procession
recession
suceed
success
successful
succession
successive
sucessor

cel = heaven sky

ceiling

celer = swift 快速的

accelerate
acceleration

cell = small room bide

cell
conceal 隐藏
hell 地狱

cent = hundred 百

cent
centigrade
centimeter
century
percent
percentage

centr = center 中心

central
concentrate
concentration

cern cret = separate 分开

concern
concerning
discreet
secret
secretary

cert = sure 确定的

certain
certainty
certify
cerificate
concert

chem = chemical

chemical
chemist
chemistry
alchemy 炼金术

chol = bile 胆汁

cholesterol 胆固醇

chor = dance

choir 唱诗班
chorus 合唱团

chron = time

chronic 慢性的

cide cise = cut 切割

concise
decide
decision
decisive
precise
precision
scissors
suicide

circ = circle 圆

circle
circular
circulate
cirecaulation
circus
circuit

cite = call urge 召唤

cite
excite
excitement
recite

cive = citizen

civic
civil
civilian
civilize

chaim clam = cry

claim
exclaim

clar = clear

clarify
clarity
declare
declaration
clear

claus close clud clus = chose 关闭

clause
close
closet
closure
disclose
disclosure
enclose
conclude
conclusion
exclude
exclusive
include
inclusive
recluse

clin clim = bend slope

decline
incline
climax
climate

cogn = gnos = know 知道

recoginze
recognition
diagnosis
diagnosis
ignore
ignorance
ignorant
notorious

col cult = till 耕种

colony
colonial
cultivate
culture
cultural
agriculture
agricultural

coll = neck

collar 项圈

cord = heart

accord
accordance
according
accordingly
cordial
core
discourage
discouragement
encourage
encoureagement
record 记录

corp = body

corps 团体
corpse 尸体
corporate
corporation

cosm = universe order 宇宙 秩序

cosmetics 化妆品
cosmopolitan

count = count 数

count
counter
account
accountable
discount

cover = cover 覆盖

cover
coverage
discover
discovery
recover
recovery
uncover

cracy crat = rule power 统治 权力

bureaucracy
democracy
democrat

cre cresc = make grow

create
creation
creative
creativity
creator
creature
recreation
decrease
increase
concrete
crew
recruit

cred = believe

credible
credibility
credit

cri = judge 判断

crisis
criterion
critic
critical
criticism
criticize

crim = crime

crime
criminal

cruc = cross

crucial
cruise
cruise

cryst = crystal 水晶

crystal

cur course = run

current
currency
curriculum
occur
occurrence
recur
course
intercourse

cur cure = take care

acurate
accuracy
cure
curious
curiosity
sucure
security

curv = curved

curve

cuss = strike shake

dicuss
discussion

cycl = circle

cycle
bicycle
motocycle
encyclopedia
recycle

字根 d

damn = damage

damage
damn
condemn

deb = owe 欠债

debt
due
duty

dei div = god

divine

dem = people

democracy
democrat
democratic
epidemic

dent = tooth

dental
dentist

dic = proclaim

dedicate
dedication
indication
index

dict = say

dictionary
dictate
dictation
dictator
condition
contradict
contradiction
predict
prediction

dign = worthy

dignity
indignant
indignation

divid = divide 分割

divide
division
individual

doc = teach

doctor
doctrine
document
documentary
disciple
discipline

dog dox = opinion praise

paradox

dom = house

dome
domestic

dom domin = rule

dominant
dominate
kingdom

don dat give

donate
donation
donor
pardon
anecdote
dose
dosage
data
date
apdate

dorm = sleep 睡觉

dormitory

draw = draw

drawback
drawer
withdraw

dress = directstraighten

dress
address

duce duct = lead

abduct
abduction
conduct
conductor
educate
education
induce
introduce
introduction
produce
producer
product
production
productive
reduce
reduction
seduce

dur = hard last

durable
duration
during
endure
emdiramce

dyn dynam

dynasty
dynamic
dynamite

字根e

eco oec = house 家

ecology
economy
economic
economical
economics
economist

ed = eat

edible
obese

ego = I self

ego

electr = electric

electric
electrical
electrician
electricity
electron
electronics

empt = take buy

example
prompy
ransom

equ = equal

equal
equality
equate
equation
equator
equivalent
adequate

erg urg = word

allergy
allergic
energetic
urge

err = wander err

error

ess = be 存在

essence
essential
interest
absent
present

ethn = race 种族

ethnic 种族

ev = age 年龄

eternal 永恒的

字根 f

fa fess = speak 说

fable
fabulous
preface
fame
famous
infant
fate
confess
confession
profession
professional
professor

fac = face

face
facial
superficial
surface

fac fact fect fic = make do 制造 做

fact
factor
factory
faction
manufacture
facilitate
faculty
difficult
affect
affection
affectionate
defect
effect
effective
infect
infection
infectous
perfect
perfection
deficiency
efficinent
efficiency
magnificent
proficiency
profit
profitable
office
official
sacrifice
sufficient
affair
defeat
feature
feasible

fall, fals = deceive

fail
false
fault

fare = go

fare
farewell
warfare
welfare

fend = strike 打击

fence
defend
defense
defensive
offend
offense
offensive
manifest

fer = carry bear

ferry
fertile
fertility
confer
conference
differ
difference
different
differentiate
indifferent
infer
inference
offer
offering
prefer
preferable
preference
refer
reference
suffer
transfer

fest = festival

festival

fibr = fiver 纤维

fiber

fict fig = form shape

fiction
figure

fid = trust

fidelity
faith
faithful
confidence
confident
confidential

fil = thread 线

file
profile

fin = end limit

fine
fine
final
finance
financial
finite
infinite
confine
define
definite
definition
refine
refinement

firm = firm

firm
affirm
confirm

fal = blow

flavor
inflation

flam flagr = flame burn

flame

flect,flex = bend 弯曲的

flexible
reflect
reflection
reflective

flict = strike

conflict

flor= flower

flourish
flower

flu flux = flow 流

fluent
fluency
fluid
flush
flood
influence
influential
overflow

form = form

form
formal
format
formation
formula
formulate
conform
inform
information
informative
perform
performance
performer
reform
transform
transformation
uniform

fort = strong

fort
fortify
force
comfort
comfortable
discomfort
effort
enforce
enforcement
reinforce

fract frag = break

fraction
fracture
fragile
fragment
frail

franc = free

framce
frank

front = forehead

front
frontier
confront

fug = flee

refuge
refugee

fum = smoke

fume
perfume

fund fund = base

fund
fundamental
found
foundation
founder
profound

fuse = pore

fuse
fuse
found
refund
confuse
confusion
refuse
refusal
refute

字根g

ge = earth

geography
geometry

gen = produce; race

gene
general
generalize
generate
generator
generous
genetics
genius
ingenious
gentle
genuine
pregnant
hydrogen
hydrogen
oxygen

germ = bud seed

germ

gest ger = carry

gesture
digest
digestion
exaggerate
exaggeration
suggest
sugestion

glob = ball

global

gorg gurg = throat

gorge
gorgeous

grad gress = walk

grade
gradual
graduate
graduation
degrade
undergraduate
upgrade
ingredent
aggression
congress
progess
progressive

gram graph = write

grammar
diagram
program
telegram
graph
graphic
autograph
biography
autobiography
calligraphy
geography
photograph
telegraph

grand = great

grand

grat = please

grateful
gratitude
grace
graceful
gracious
disgrace
agree
agreeable
agreement
congratulate
congratualtion

grav = heavy

grave
gravity
grieve
grief

字根h

hab = have

habit
babitual
habitat
inhabit
inhabitant
exhibit
exhibition
prohibit
prohibition

hap = luck

happen
perhaps

helic= spiral

helicopter

her = heir

heir
heritage
inherit

herb = grass

herb

here hes = stick

coherent
inherent
hesitate
hesitation

horr = tremble

horrible
horrify

hum = man

human
humanitarian
humanity

hum = ground 地面

humble
humiliate

hydr = water

hydrogen

hyster = womb

hysterical

字根 i

ident = the same

identify
identification
indentity

idio = personal distinct

idiom

idol = image 想象

idol 偶像

insul = island

island
isle
isolation
peninsula

it = go

ambition
ambitious
circuit
initiate
initiative
initial
perish
transit
transition
issue

字根j

ject jac = throw

inject
injection
object
object
objection
objective
project
projection
reject
rejection
subject
subjective

join junct jug = join 加入

join
joint
conjunction

journ = day 一天

journal
journalism
journey
diary

jud = judge

judge
judgment
prejudice

just = law right

just
justice
justify
adjust
adjustment
injustice
jury
injure
injury

juven jun = young

junior
juvenile

字根 l

lab lep = take seize

syllable

labor = work

labor
laboratory
elaborate

laps = slip glide 滑行

collapse

lat = bring bear 携带

relate
relation
relative
translate
translation
translator
delay

lat = wide

latitude

lav lu = wash

lava
laundry

lax = loosen

relax
relaxation
release

lect leg lig = choose gather read

lecture
lecturer
collect
collection
elect
election
intellect
intellectual
neglect
select
selection
legend
legendary
diligent
diligence
elegant
eligible
intelligent
intelligence

leg = law 法律

legal
legislation
legislative
legislator
legislature
legitimate
privilege

leg = send 派遣

delegate
delegation

lev = raise light

elevate
elevator
relevant
relieve
relief

liber = free

liberal
liberate
liberation
liberty

liber libr = balance weigh

deliberate

libr = book

library
librarian

lic = be permitted 被允许

license

lig = bind 绑

oblige
obligation
religion
religious
league
colleague
liable
ally
alliance
rally

lim limin = threshold 门坎 开端

limit
eliminate
preliminary

lin = line flax 线 亚麻

linen
coastline
guideline
pipeline

lingu = tongue language

linguist
bilingual
language

linqu lict lip = leave 离开

relic
eclipse

liqu = fluid 液体

liquid
liquor

liter = letter

literal
literary
literate
literature

loc = place

local
locate
location
allocate
lieutenant

log loqu locut = speak

catalog
dialog
momolog
logic
logical
apology
apologize
analogy
coloquial
eloquent

logy = study of 学 论

biology
etymology
mythology
psychology

long = long

longevity
longitude
along
belong
length
lengthen
lengthy
oblong
prolong

luc lust = light

lucid
Lucifer
elucidate
translucent
illustrate
illustration

lud lus = play

illusion

lumin = light

illuminate

lys lyt = loosen

analyse
analysise
analytical
paralyze

字根m

magn = great

magnify
magnificent
magnitude
majesty
majestic
major
majority
maxim
maximum

magnes magnet = magnesia magnet 氧化镁 磁铁

magnet
magnetism

man = stay 暂留

manor
mansion
permanent
immanent
remain

man manu = hand

manage
management
manager
manifest
manipulate
manner
mannual
manufacture
manuscript

mand = order entrust

command
commander
demand
recommand
recommendation

mania = madness

maniac
kleptmania

mar = mari = sea

marine
submarine
mariner

mark = mark boundary 做记号 边界

mark
remark
remarkable

matr = mother

maternity 母爱
matrix

meas mens = measure 测量

measure
dimension
immense

mechan = machine

mechanic
mechanical
mechanics
mechanism

med = heal 治疗

medical
mediacte
medication
medicine
remedy

medi = middle

medium
mediate
medieval
immediate
intermediate
intermediary

melan = black

melancholy
melancholia 忧郁症

memor= remember

memorable
memorial
memory
memorize
commemorate
remember

ment = mind 心智

mental
mentality
mention
comment
commentary
mind
remind
reminder

merc = trade reward

merchandise
merchant
market
mercy
commerce
commercial

merg mers = sink dip

merge
emerge
emergency

meter metr = measure

meter
barometer
centimeter
diameter
geometry
symmetry
thermmometer

migr = remove wnader

migrate
migrant
migration
emigrate
emigrant
emigration
immigrate
immigrant
immigration

milit = soldier fight

militant
military

min = jut project

prominent

min = small

minimal
minimize
minimum
minor
minority
minus
minute
minute
diminish

minister = serve

minister
ministry
administer
administration
administrative

mir = wonder behold

admire
admiration
admirable
miracle
miraculous
mirror
marvel
marvelous

misc mix = mix

mix
mixture

mit miss mis = send let go

missile
mission
missionary
message
messenger
admit
admission
commit
commitment
committee
commission
compromise
dismiss
emit
emission
omit
permit
permission
promise
promising
remiss
submit
transmit
transmission
transmissive

mod = manner

mode
model
moderate
modern
modernize
modest
modesty
modify
commodity
accmomodate
accommodation

mon = advise remind 劝告

monitor
monument
summon

monstr = show 表示

monster
monstrous
demonstrate
demonstration

mor = custom

moral
morale
morality
immoral

mort - death

mortal
mortality
immortal
martgage

mount = mountain ascend

mount
mountain
mountainous
amount

mov mot mob = move

move
movement
movable
movie
remove
removal
motion
motivate
motivation
motive
motor
motel
commotion
emotion
emotional
locamotive
promote
promotion
remote
mob
mobile
mobilize
automobile
moment
momentum

mun = service

municipal
common
communiacte
communication
communism
communist
community
immune

mut = change

mutual
mutable
commute
commuter

myst = mystery 神秘

mystery
mysterious
myth

字根n

nat nasc = be born 天生的

nation
naitonal
naitonality
native
naive
nature
natural
Renaissance 文艺复兴

nau nav = ship

astronaut
navy
naval
navigate
navigation

nect = bind 绑

connect
connection
disconnect

neg = deny 否认

negative
neglect
negotiate
negotiation
renegade

nerv neur = nerve 神经

neural
nervous

neutr neither 两者都不

neutral

noc = harm 伤害

innocent
innocence

nom = law

autonomy
economy

nom nomin = name

nominate
nomination
nominee
anonymous

norm = rule norm 规则

norm
normal
abnormal
enormous

not = mark

note
notable
notice
noticeable
notify
notion
notorious

nounce nunci = report

announce
announcement
denounce
pronounce
pronunciation

nov = new

movelist
movice
innovation

nucle = nut

nucleus
nuclear

nul = nothing

null
annul

numer = number count

number
numerous

nutri = nourish

nutrient
nutrition
nutritious

字根 O

ocul = eye 眼睛

binocular

od hod = way

episode
method

od ol = smell

odor
ozone

od = song 歌曲

comedy
tragedy
melody

onym = name

anonymous
antonym
synonym

oo ov = egg

oval

oper = work

opera
operate
operation
operational
operator
cooperate
cooperation
cooperative

opt = eye sight 眼睛 视力

optical
optics
myopic

opt = choose 选择

option
optional
adopt
adoptable

optim = best

optimism

ora = speak pray

oral 口述的
adoration

ordin = order

order
orderly
ordinary
coordinate
disorder
extraordinary
subordinate

ori = rise begin

orient
Oriental
origin
original
originality
originate
aboriginal
abortion

orn = decorate 装饰

ornament

oxy = sharp acid

oxygen 氧

字根p

pac = peace

pacific 和平的
appease

pact = agree gasten

pact
compact
impact

pan = bread

company
companion
companionship
accompany

par = appear

appear
appearance
apparent
transparent

par = bear 生

parent

par = equal

compare
comparable
comparetive
comparison
pair
peer
umpire

par - prepare 准备

parade
prepare
preparation
repair
separate
separation

part = part

part
partial
participate
participant
participation
participle
particle
particular
partner
partnership
apart
apartment
counterpart
depart
department
departure
parcel
portion
proportion

pass = pass

pass
passage
passenger
passport
password
passtime
compass
overpass
surpass
trespass
underpass

pat pass = suffer

patient
patience
compatible
passion
passionate
passive
compassion
compassionate

path = felling suffering disease

pathetic
apathy
empathy
psychopathy
sympathetic
sympathize
sympathy

patr = father

paternity
patriot
patriotic
patron
patronage

ped = foot 脚

pedal
peddle
peddler
pedestrian
expedition

pel puls = drive

pulse
compel
expel
impulse
propel
propeller
appeal

pen pun = punish 处罚

penalty
punish
punishment

pend pens pond = hang weigh pay

pendant
depend
dependable
dependence
expense
expensive
expenditure
independence
independent
spend
suspend
suspense
suspension
pension
compensate
compensation
dispense
dispensable
indispensable
ponder

per = try 实验

peril
experience
experiment
experimental
expert
expertise

pet petit = seek

appetite
compete
competition
competitive
competitor
competence
competent
repeat
repetition

petr = rock 岩石

petroleum

plan = appear show 出现

phantom
phenomenon
fantasy
fantasy
fantastic
fancy
phase
emphasize
emphasis
emphatic

pharmac = drug

pharmacy
pharmacist

phe phas = speak

prohhet

phil = love

philosophy

phon = sound

microphone
symphony
telephone

photo = light 光

photograph
photographer
photography

phren = mind

frantic

physi = nature 自然

physical
physician
physicist

pict = paint

picture
picturesque
depict

pil - hair 毛发

caterpillar

plac = please 取悦

please
pleasant
pleasure
displease

plain = beat the breast 捶胸悲痛

complain
complaint

plan = flat 平的

plain
plane 平面
explain
explanation

plant = plant 种植 植物

plant
plantation
transplant

plas = form 形成

plastic

plaud = strike clap

applaud
applause
explode
explosion
explosive

plen plet = fill ;full

plenty
plentiful
complete
complement
compliment
implement
supply
supplement
accomplish
accomplishment

plex plic ply - fold 折叠

apply
appliance
applicable
applicant
application
imply
complicate
complication
complex
complexion
complexity
explicit
exploit
display
employ
employee
employer
employment
simple
simplicity
cimplify
diploma
diplomat
diplomatic
diplomacy
triple
multiple
multiply
plight

plore = cry 流泪 大叫

explore
exploration

plus plur = more

plus
plural
surplus

pneum pneumon = breathe lung

pneumonia 肺炎

pod , pus = foot 脚

octpus

pol = axis 轴

pole
polar

polis polit = city government

cosmopolitan
metropolitan
political
politician
politics
police
policy

popul = people

popular
popularity
populate
population
public
publicity
publicize
publish
publication
republic
republican

port = carry 运送

port
portable
porter
export
import
important
importance
report
sport
support
transport
transportation

port = gate harbor 大门 港口

port
porter
porch
opportunity
passport

pos pon = place put 放

pose
positon
positive
post
post
postage
posture
component
compose
composer
compostition
compound
deposit
dispose
disposable
disposal
expose
exposure
impose
imposing
opponent
oppose
opposite
opposition
postpone
postponement
preposition
propose
proposal
purpose
suppose
pause

pot poss = be able power

possible
potential

pot pos = drink

poison

preci = price 价格

precious
appreciate
appreciation
praise

pred = prey plunder

prey

prehend pris = seize

comprehend
comprehension
comprehensive
prison
prisoner
imprison
comprise
enterprise
surprise
prize

press = 压

press
pressure
depress
depression
express
expression
expressive
impress
impression
impressive
oppress
oppression
repress
suppress

prim prin = first

prime
primitive
primary
prince
principal
principle
premier

priv = individual deprive

private
preivacy
privilege
deprive

prob = test 实验

prove
proof
probable
approve
approval
disapprove
improve
improvement

propr = one ’ s own

proper
property
appropriate

prox proach = near 接近的

approxinmate
approach

psych = soul mind

psyche
psychology
psychological
psychologist

pty = fall

symptom

pung punct = prick 刺

punctual
punch
point
appoint
appoint
appointment
disappoint
disappointment

pur = pure

pure
purify
purity

pute = think prune

compute
computer
computerize
deputy
dispute
reputation

字根q

quer = complain

quarrel
quarrelsome

quer quest quir quisit

query
quest
question
questionnaire
acquire
acquisition
conquer
conquest
exquisite
inquire
inquiry
require
requirement
request

qui = quiet rest

quiet

quit = free release

quit

字根 r

radi = ray

radius
radiate
radiation
radiator
radiant
radio

radic = root 根

radical
radish

rap = snatch 夺取

rape
rapid
ravage

ras rad = scrape

eraser
razor
rascal

rat = reckon reason

ratio
rational

rect = right straight

rectangle
correct
direct
direction
director
directory
erect
escort

reg = keng rule

regime
region
realm
reign
regular
regulate
regulation
royal
royalty
rigid
rigorous

rept = creep

reptile

rhin = nose 鼻子

rhinoceros

rid ris = laugh

ridicule
ridiculous

rip riv = stream bank

river
arrive
derive
rival

rob = strong

robust

rode ros = gnaw

rodent
erode

rog = ask

arrogant

roll rol = roll 滚动

roll
role
control
controller
enrol

rot = wheel turn 轮子 旋转

rotate
rotation

rud = crude 天然的 粗糙的

rude

rupt = break

abrupt
bankrupt
corrupt
corruption
erupt
eruption
interrupt
interruption
route
routine

rur rus = country

rural

字根s

sacr sanct = sacred

sacred
sacrifice
saint
sanction
sanctuary

sal = salt 盐

salad
salary
salt

sal sil sult = leap

salmon
assault
insult
result

salut san = health

salute
sane
sanitation

sat = enough

satisfy
satisfaction
satisfactory
soil

scal = ladder

scale
escalate
escalator

scend = climb

scan
ascend
descend
descent
descendant

sci = know

science
scientific
scientist
conscience
conscientious
conscious

scop = look

scope

scrib script = write

script
descirbe
description
descriptive
manuscript
prescribe
prescription
subscribe
subscription
transcript

sect = cut

section
insect
intersection
segment

sed sid sess = sit 坐

sesson
assess
dissident
posess
possession
preside
president
presidency
reside
residence
resident
residential
siege
besiege
consult
consultant
consultation
exile

semin = seed

seminar

sen = old

senate
senator
senior
seniority

sens sent = feel 感觉

sense
sensible
sensitive
sensitivity
sensation
sentiment
sentimental
sentence
consent
consensus
nonsense
resent
resentment
scent

sequ secut sue = follow

sequence
consequence
consequent
subsequent
execute
execution
executive
prosecute
prosecution
pursue
pursuit
suit
suitable
suite

sert = join put

series

assert
concert
desert
exert
insert

serv = serve keep 服务 保存

serve
server
servant
service
sergeant
conserve
conservation
conservative
deserve
observe
observation
preserve
preservation
reserve
reservation
reservoir

sign = mark

sign
signal
signature
signify
significant
significance
assign
assignment
design
designer
designate
resign
resignation

simil simul sembl = like same

similar
similarity
simultaneous
assemble
assembly
resemble
resemblance

sist = stand

assist
assistance
assistant
consist
consistent
exist
existence
insist
insistence
persist
persisient
persistence
resist
resistant
resistance

smith = worker 工人

blacksmith

soci = companion join

sociable
social
socialism
socialist
socialize
society
socology
associate
association

sol = alone

sole
solitary
solitude
solo
console
consolation

sol = sun

solar

solid = solid 坚固的

solid
solidarity
soldier
solemn

solv solut = loosen 松开

solve
solution
absolute
dissoleve
resolve
resolute
resolution

son = sound

consonant
supersonic

soph = wise wisdom

sophisticated
sophomore
philssophy
philosopher

sort = kind

sort
resort
resort

spec spect spic = see look

species
special
specialist
speciality
specialize
specimen
spice
specify
specific
spectacle
spectacular
spectator
spectrum
speculate
despise
despite
aspect
expect
expectation
inspect
inspection
inspector
perspective
respect
respectable
respectful
respective
suspect
suspicion
suspicious
spy

sper = hope

desperate
despair
prosper
prosperity
prosperous

spers = scatter 散布

disperse

spher = ball

sphere
atmosphere
hemisphere

spir = breathe 呼吸

spirit
spiritual
conspiracy
expire
expiration
inspire
inspiration

splend = shine

splendid

spond spons = promise

sponsor
spouse
respond
response
responsible
responsibility
correspond
correspondent
correspondence

st stit stitu = stand

stable
stabilize
stability
stage
state
statement
statesman
station
stationary
stationery
statistics
statue
stature
status
estate
steady
circumstance
constant
constast
destiny
destination
distant
distance
ecstasy
establish
establishment
instant
instance
obstacle
obstinate
substance
substantial
restore
restoration
system
constitute
constituent
constitution
constitutional
institute
institution
substitute
substitution
superstition
superstitious

stall = place

stall
install
installation
installment

####stereo = solid
stereo
stereotype

stig sting stinct = prick

sting
stingy
distinguish
distinguished
distinct
distinction
distinctive
extinct
instinct
stimulate
stimulation
stimulus

stom = mouth

stomach

ston = stone 石头

gravestone
milestone

strat = army

strategy
strategic

strat = spread 展开

street

string strict = draw tight

string
straight
strain
strait
strangle
stress
stretch
strict
distress
district
restrain
restraint
restrict
restriction

stroph turn 转动

catastrophe

stru struct = build

structure
structural
construct
construction
destroy
destory
destruction
destructive
instruct
instruction
instructor
instrument
obstruct

suade suas = advise

dissuade
persuade
persuasion
persuasive

sume sumpt = take

assume
assumption
consume
consumer
consumption
presume
resume

summ = sum ; highest

summary
summarize
summit

sur = sure secure 确定

assurance
insure
insurance

surge = rise

surge
source
resource

字根t

tail = cut

tailor
detail
retail
retail

tang tact = touch 接触

tact
contact
contagious
intact
integrate
inregration
integrity
attain
attainment

tax taxt = arrange

tactics 战术

techn = art skill 艺术 技巧

technical
technician
technique
technological
technology

tect = builder

architect

tect teg = cover

detect
detective
protect
protection
protective

temper = mix properly

temper
temperament
tempearture

tempor = time

tempo
temporary
tempest
contemporary

tempt = try

tempt
temptation
attempt
tentative

ten tin tain = hold keep

tenant
contain
container
content
content
contentment
continent
continental
continual
continuity
continuous
detain
entertain
entertainment
lieutenant
maintain
maintenance
obtain
retain
rein
sustain

tend tens tent = stretch

tend
tend
tendency
tende
tense
tension
tent
attend
attemdant
attention
contend
extend
extension
extensive
extent
intend
intense
intensify
intensity
intensive
intent
intention
pretend

term = end limit

term
terminal
terminate
determine
determination

terr = earth

terrace
territory

terr = frighten 惊吓

terrify
terrible
terrific
terror
deter

test = witness

test
testament
testimony
contest
contestant
protest

text = weave

text
textile
texture
context
subtle
tissue

therap = cure

therapy

thes thet = place put

thesis
synthetic

tim = fear

timid
intimidate

tom = cut 切割

atom
epitome

ton = tone

tone
intonation
monotonous
monotony

ton = thunder 打雷

astonish
stun

tor tort = twist

torch
torment
torture
tortoise
distort
retort

tour = turn

tour
tourism
tourist
tournament
turn
return

tox = poison

toxic

tract = draw

trace
track
trial
train
trait
treat
treatment
treaty
abstract
abstraction
attract
attracion
attractive
contract
contractor
distract
distracted
distraction
extract
subtract
portray
portrait
retreat

tribut = pay bestow

tribute
contribute
contribution
attribute
distribute
distrbuiton
retribution

trop = turn 转

tropic
tropical
trophy

troph = nourish 滋养

atroph

trud trus = thrust push

intrude
intruder
treat
threaten
thrust

tum = swell 膨胀

tumor

turb = disturb 扰乱

turmoil
disturb
disturbance
trouble
troublesome

字根u

ultim = last

ultimate

umbr = shadow

unbrella
umbrageous

und = wave

abound
abundant
redundant

ur = tail 尾巴

squirel
anurous

urb = city 城市

urban
suburb
suburban

us ut = use

use
useage
useful
usual
utenisl
utilize
utility
abuse

字根v

vac can void = empty

vacant
cacancy
vacation
vacuum
evacuate
vain
vanity
vanish
avoid
inevitable

vade vas = go

invade
invasion
wade

vag = wander 流浪

vague
divagation

val vail = strong worth

valiant
valid
validity
value
valuable
available
evaluate
equivalent
invaluable
prevail

var = diverse change

vary
varibale
variation
variety

veh vect = carry

vehicle
convex

velop = wrap 包裹

develop
development
envelope

ven vent = come

advent
adventure
venture
convention
conventional
convenient
convenience
event
eventual
invent
invention
inventor
inventory
prevent
prevention
preventive
intervene
intervention
avenue
revenue
souvenir

venge = avenge 报仇

revenge
avenger

ver = true

very
verification

verb = word

verb
verbal
adverb
proverb

verg = incline

verge
converge

vers vert = turn

verse
version
versatile
versus
vertical
adversity
advertise
advertiser
advertisement
anniversary
controversy
controversial
converse
conversation
convert
conversion
diverse
diversify
diversity
divert
diversion
divorce
reverse
universe
universal
university

vest = chothe garment

vest
invest
investment

vi via voy = way

via 经由
voyage
convey
obvious
previous
trivial

vic vice = substitution

vice-president

vict vinc = conquer 征服

victor
victorious
victory
convince
conviction
convict

vid vis = see

video
visa
visible
vision
visit
visitor
visual
visuallize
advise
adviser
advice
devise
device
envy
envious
evident
evidence
provide
revise
revision
supervise
supervision
supervisor
survery
television
interview
review

vig veg = lively

vigor
vigorous
vegetation
vegetable

vit = life

vital
vitality
vitamin

viv - live

vivid
revive
revival
survive
survival
survivor

voc voke = voice call

vocal
vocabulary
vocation
advocate
provoke

vol = will

voluntary
volunteer

volve volut = roll

volume
evolve
evolution
involvement
revolve
revolution
revolutionary
revolt

vor = eat

carnivore
devour

vulcan = vulcan

volcano

vulg = common people

vulgar

字根w

war = aware

wary
aware
beware

wright = worker 工人

playwright

字根x

xer = dry

xerox

字根z

zo = animal

zoo

前缀 Prefix

A

a- = in; on

aboard
abroad
across
ahead
alive
amid
among
around
asleep
away

a = intensive 加强语气

abide
alike
aloud
amaze
arise
arouse
ashamed
await
awake

a an = not without

amoral
anecdote
apathy
asylum

ab = from /away from /off

abduct
abject
abnormal
abrupt
absorb
abstract
abuse
advance
advantage

ad = at for to 表方向或加强

abandon
abbreviate
accelerate
accept
accumulate
accuse
accustom
achieve
acknowledeg
acquaint
acquire
adapt
addict
address
admire
advocate
affirm
allocate
allow
amount
apply
arrange
arrest
arrogant
asset
assert
assume
attach
attain
attract
avenue

al = all

almost
alone
always

ambi

ambiguity
ambiguous
ambition

ana

anology 相似

ante

anticipate
ancient

anti

antibiotic
antarctic
antonym

apo

apology
autobiography
automatic
autonomy
authentic

be

become
betray

be = by

because
before
behalf
behind
below
beneath
beside
between
beyond
beloved
besiege

bene

benediction
benefaction
beneficial
benefit
benign
bonus

bi

binocular

cata

catalog
catastrophe
category 类

circum

circumstance
circuit

com

combat
combine
comfort
commemorate
commence
commute
compile
compose
coinncide
collapse
colleague
collide
conceit
concentrate
conclude
condemn
condense
confederate
confer
confront
conjunction
consent
consume
contaminate
comtemplate
cooperate
correct
corrupt
council
counsel

contra = against

contradict
contrary
contrast
controversy
counter
counterpart

de = down downward

debate
decay
deceive
decide
declare
defect
demonstrate
depict
despise
detail
devour

de = apart away from

detach
devote

deca = ten

decade
December
deciaml

di diplo = double twice

dilemma
diploma

dia = across between through

diagnosis
diagram
dialect
dialog
diameter

dis = apart away not

disable
disadvantage
disagree
disappear
disapprove
disaster
discard
discourage
discreet
discriminate
disease
disguise
disgust
dishonest
dismay
dismiss
displace
display
dispose
disregard
disssolve
distract
distribute
dessert
digest
dimension
dimminish
differ
difficult
diverse
divert
spent
stanin

duo = double two

dozen
double
doubt
dual
dubious

dys = bad

dysmenorrhea

e

escort
establish

en = at in into near on

enact
enclose
encounter
encourage
endeavor
energy
engage
enhance
enlarge
enlarge
enlighten
enrich
entitle
envelope
environment
embark
embarrass
embrace

epi = among beseides to upon

epidemic
episode

ex = fully out

exact
exaggerate
example
exceed
excel
except
excerpt
exchange
exclude
excuse
execute
exercise
exert
exhaust
exhibit
exit
expand
expect
expel
expire
explicit
expose
exquisite
exterior
external
avoid
edit
educate
eject
elaborate
elect
eliminate
elite
eruption
event
evident
eccentric
eclipse
ecstasy
effort
escape
sample

exo = outside

exotic

extra = beyond

extra
extracurricular
extraordinary
extreme

for = away from

forbid
forget
forgive
forsake

fore = before

forehead
foresee
former
forward

forth = towards

forthcoming

hemi= half

hemisphere

hetero = other different

heterosexual

hypo = under

hypocrisy

in = in into on

incense
incentive
incident
incline
include
income
increase
indiviual
indoor
induce
indulge
infect
influence
inherit
inject
inquire
insect
insert
insight
inspect
instead
intuition
invade
invest
investigate
involve
illuminate
illusion
illustrate
immigrate
implement
imply
import
impose
imprison

in = negative not

indispensable
inequality
invaluable
enemy
igorant
immediate
immense

infra = blow

infrared
infrastructure

inter = between among

interfere
interior
international
interpret
interrupt
interval
intervene
enterprise
entertain
intellect
intelligence

intra intro = inward within

inroduce
introspect
introvert

kilo 千

kilogram
kilometer

mal = badly ill

malaria

meta = atter among with 变化

metabolism
metaphor
method

micro = small

microphone
microscope
microwave

mis = bad ill wrong

mischief
misfortune
mislead
mistake
mistrust
misunderstand

mono = along single sole

monogamy
polygamy
monopoly
monotonous
monotony
monarch
monk

mult = many much

multiply

ne = negative not

neither
never
none
negotiate

neo new

neon
neophyte

non = not

nonaggression

November nine

November

ob = at against before near over toward

obedient
object
oblige
oblong
obscure
obstacle
obtain
obvious
omit
occasion
occupy
occur
offend
offer
opponent
oppress

octa = eight

October
octopus

out = beyond out

outbreak
outdo
utdoor
outlaw
outline
outnumber
outrange
outside
outstanding

over = above across beyond

overcoat
overcome
overdo
overeat
overflow
overhear
overlap
overlook
overnight
overseas
oversleep
overtake
overthrow
overturn
overwhelm

para = against beside beyond contrary

parachure
paradox
paragraph
parallel
paralyze

pen = almost

peninsula

per = away through

perceive
perception
perfect
perform
perfume
perish
permeanent
permit
persevere
persist
perspective
persuade
padon
pilgrim

peri = around round about

period

poly = many

polymath
polygamy

post = after behind

postgraduate
posterity
postern
postpone

pre = before

precauton
precede
predecessor
preface
prefer
pregnant
prehistoric
prejudice
premature
prepare
prescribe
present
preserve
preside
prestige
presume
pretend
prevail
prevent
preview
previous

problem

proceed
produce
profit
profound
programe
progress
prohibit
project
prolong
prominent
promise
promote
pronoun
pronounce
propel
proportion
propose
prosecute
prospect
protect
protest
provide
provoke
purchase
purpose
pursue

re = again back

rebel
recall
receive
recite
recognize
reconcile
record
recreation
recruit
recur
recycle
reduce
redundant
refer
reflect
reform
refresh
refrigerator
refugerefund
refuse
regard
register
rehearse
reinforce
reject
relax
relevant
relic
relieve
reluctant
remain
remedy
renew
repeat
replace
reply
report
require
rescue
resemble
resist
respect
restore
restrain
resume
retire
retort
retrieve
reunion
reveal
revenue
revise
revive
revolt
reward
render

se = apart away

secret
secure
seduce
select
separate

sept = seven

September

step = orphaned 同父异母的 孤儿

stepchild
stepfather
stepmother

sub = under

subject
submarine
submit
subscribe
substance
substitute
suburb
subway
suffer
succeed
suffocate
suggest
summon
support
suppress
suspect
sustain

super = above over

superb
superficial
superior
supermarket
supersonic
superstition
supervise
supreme
sovereign
surface
surpass
surplus
surrender
surround
survey
survive

syn = with together

synonym
system
symbol
symmetry
sympathy
symphony
symptom

tele = far off

telegram
telegraph
telephone
telescope
televison

trans = beyond across over

transaction
transfer
transform
transit
translate
transmit
transparent
transport
tradition
traitor
tranquil
trespass

tri = three threefold

triangle
tribe
triple
trivial

twi = two

twice
twig
twilight
twin
twist

un = not

unwiling

un = the reversal of an action

uncover
undo
unfold
unlock
unpack

under = beneath under

underestimate
undergo
undergraduate
underline
undermine
underpass
understand
undertake

uni = one

uniform
unionu
nique
unite
unity
universal

up = up aloft

uphold
upright
upset
upstairs

with= against bact

withdraw
withstand

后缀 suffix

名词后缀

表示人的名词后缀

ain

captain
chaplain
villain

aire air

billionaire 亿万富翁
millionaire 百万富翁

an ian ean

barbarian
orphan
guardian
historian
magician
musician
pedestrian
physician
vegetarian

ant

accountant
assistant
descendant
emigrant
giant
immigrant
inhabitant
peasant
servant
tenant
tyrant

ar

beggar
burglar
friar
liar
scholar
temple

ard art 过于xxx的人

bard
coward
steward
wizard

ary

contemporary
secretary

ate

advocate
candidate
delegate
pirate

ee 被xx的人

committee
devotee
employee
examinee
nominee
payee
referee

eer

ebgineer
pioneer
volunteer

en

citizen
warden

ent 动作者

agent
client
correspondent
opponent
president
resident
student

er 从事xx职业的人

barber
commander
customer
dancer
driver
examiner
follower
foreigner
gardener
leader
manufacturer
member
messenger
miller
murderer
officer
outsider
owner
philosopher
prisoner
producer
publisher
reporter
robber
ruler
speaker
writer

ese 专有名词之后 xxx人 xxx语 也可形容词

Chinese
Japanese

ess 希腊文 女性名词

actress
empress emperor
goddess
hostess
mistress
princess

eur 表示人的法文后缀

amateur
entrepreneur

herd 管理家畜的人

shepherd

ier 法文 与xx事物有关的人

cashier
premier
soldier

iff

sheriff

ist xx主义者 从事xxx的专家

communist
idealist
journalist
naturalist
novelist
romanticist
specialist
tourist
typist
violinist

ive 形容词表示名词的后缀

captive
detective
native
relative

man sman

chairman
fireman
freshman
gentleman
fisherman
postman
salesman
seaman
sportsman
statesman

on

champion
companion
patron
surgeon

or our 拉丁文 与ee相对都人

ambassador
conqueror
counselor
editor
goveror
inspector
investigator
mayor
narrator
neighbor
sculptor
successor
tailor
tutor

ster 古英语

gangster
minister
youngster

y yer

enemy
bady
lawyer

表示小的名词后缀

cle

article
miracle
particle
vehicle

©ule

molecule

el le

damsel
model
vessel
bottle
bundle
pebble
riddle

en in 小型的

chicken
kitten
bulletin
violin

et ette

banquet
basket
blanket
bucket
cabinet
cigarette
panet
pocket
puppet
tablet
target
ticket

kin

napkin
pumpkin

let

bullet
pamphlet

ling 幼小 不重要

darling
duckling

ie y 专有名词昵称

daddy
pony

抽象名词后缀

menace

ade 行动 行动的人

comrade
decade
lemonade

age

courage
damage
lineage
marriage
passage
shortage
usage

al 把动词变成抽象名词

approval
arrival
denial
refusal
survival
trial

ance ancey

absence
allowance
appearance
attendance
confidence
excellence
guidance
innocence
obeduence
perseverance
presence
reliance
silence
tolerance
vacancy
violence

cy

fallacy
intimacy

dom 权力地位

freedom
wisdom

hood head 时期 状态 性质

boyhood
childhood
likeihood
nerghborhood
maidenhead

ics 学术用语

arithmetic

ethics
hysteric
logic
lyric
magic
mathematics
music
physice
poetics
rhetoric
skeptic

ice ise 表状态

justice
service

ing 状态

aging
blessing
clothing

ion

addition
civilization
exaggeration
extension
invitation
protection
quotation

ism asm

communism
optimism
passimism
enthusiasm

itude

altitude
aptitude
gratitude
latitude
magnitude
solitude

um 元素

aluminum
petroleum

ment 法文 结果 手段

achievement
amusement
arrangement
astonishment
engagement
equipment
fulfillment
government
judgment
movement
payment
refreshment
treatment

mony

ceremony
harmony

ness 形容词变成抽象名词

business
darkness
emptiness
illness

our

behavior
endeavor
favor
humor
odor
splendor

ry ery 的缩写

bravry
grocery
hisory
luxury
misery
mystery
rivalry
robbery
slavery
theory

ship 样子 shape

championship
fellowship
friendship
hardship
landscape
leadership
partnership
relationship
scholarship
worship

t th

flight
gift
restraint
thrift
weight
breadth
death
growth
health
strength
truth
warmth
width
youth

ty

bounty
certainty
cruelty
loyalty
poverty
safety
anxiety
variety
ambiguity
charity
eternity
familiarity
hospitality
hostility
humidity
maturity
originality
personality
possibility
quality
reality

ure

creature
departure
disclosure
exposure
failure
furniture
legislature
literature
mixture
perssure

y

agony
delivery
discovery
honesty
jealousy
modesty
treaty
tyranny

ary

dictionary
vocabulary

ry

cavalry
machinery
poultry
scenery

表示地点的名词后缀

ace

terace
furnace

age

cottage
village

ary

library

dom

kingdom
filmdom

ery

bakery
cemetery
gallery

ory

dormitory
factory
laboratory
territory

um

aquarium
auditorium
gymnasium
museum

y

balcony
county
treasury

形容词后缀

able ible

adorable
available
changeable
desirable
favorable
hospitable
imaginable
innumerable
irritable
measurable
miserable
noticeable
reasonable
horrible

al ial 有关xx

brutal
educational
eternal
federal
functional
internal
literal
mortal
personal
punctual
regional
traditional
cordial
racial

an ian 专有名词之后当形容词 xxr

republican
suburban
veteran
Christian

ant ent 拉丁文

brilliant
indignant
radiant
tolerant
triumphant
decent
excellent
fluent
frequent
obedient
proficinet
recent

ar

circular
familiar
muscular
polar
popular
similar
vulgar

ary

customary
elementary
imaginary
necessary
secondary
temporary
voluntary

ate ete ute

accurate
affectionate
considerate
fortunate
obstinate
passionate
complete
absolute
minute

ed

gifted
talented

en 由什么制成的

golden
wooden

ern 方向

estern
northern
southern
western
modern

ful

awful
beautiful
careful
cheerful
colorful
doubtful
dreadful
fearful
forgetful
graceful
harmful
hateful
helpful
mournful
painful
peaceful
powerful
shameful
thankful
thoughtful
wonderful

ic 与什么有关的

academic
alcoholic
arctic
athletic
atomic
automatic
basic
characteristic
civic
diplomatic
domestic
dramatic
dynamic
emphatic
energetic
enthusiastic
exotic
fantastic
gigantic
heroic
lunatic
magnetic
optimistic
patriotic
pessimistic
poetic
realistic
romantic
scenic
systematic
tragic

ical

biological
chemical
identical
ironical
musical
physical
practical
radical
tropical
typical

id

limpid
rapid
solid
splendid
stupid
timid
vivid

ile 易于 有xxx的倾向

fertile
fragile
hostile
juvenile
versatile

ine

divine
feminine
genuine
masculine

ing

cunning
following
missing
outstanding
willing

ior 拉丁语中比较级的后缀

inferior
junior
senior
superior

ique esque

antique
picturesque

ish

childish
selfish

ite

exquisite
favorite
infinite
opposite
polite

ive

aggressive
constructive
defective
exclustive
imaginative
initiative
massive
primitive
representative
respective
selective
talkative

less

priceless
reclless
regardless

like

childlike

ly 接名词变形容词 接形容词变副词

bodily
costly
cowardly
friendly
leisurely
monthly

most

almost
utmost
foremost

ory

satisfactory

ous

cautious
courteous
dangerous
delicious
envious
furious
glorious
gorgeous
outragous
poisonous
serious
spacious
spontaneous
tedious
tremandous
various
vicious

proof

fireproof
waterproof

some same的变形 像xx样子 有xx倾向

quarrelsome
tiresome
troublesome
wholesome

ward

awkward
backward
downward

y

bllody
cloudy
clumsy
foggy
greedy
icy
spicy
worthy

副词后缀

ence form

hence

ly

barely
roughly
shortly

s

besides
indoors
nowadays
outdoors
sometimes

ward 表示方向

afterward
backward
downward
inward
outward
upward

way

alway
anyway
likewise
otherwise

动词后缀

ate

accommodate
assassinate
celebrate
congratulate
contemplate
decorate
deteriorate
fascinate
frustrate
isolate
narrate
navigate
nominate
originate
penetrate
speculate
vibrate
violate

en 使xxx

hasten
fasten
heighten
sharpen
strengthen
threaten
weaken

er

batter
chatter
flicker
flutter.
glitter
quiver
shiver

ify

classify
fortify
fructify
identify
justify
purify
qualify
satisfy
signify
simplify

ish

blush
cherish
diminish
flourish
furnish
publish
punish

ize ise

civilize
generalize
organize
specialize
symbolize
utilize
victimize

le = 反复

chuckle
dazzle
sparkle
sprinkle
startle
twinkle

推荐资源

http://www.enhancemyvocabulary.com/vocabulary_basics.html
https://www.etymonline.com/search?page=2&q=n
https://wordinfo.info/units/view/293/page:3/s:benefit

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