Linux常用命令与命令缩写整理

Linux 常用命令

  • pwd: print work directory 打印当前目录 显示出当前工作目录的绝对路径
  • ps: process status(进程状态,类似于windows的任务管理器)  常用参数:-auxf  :ps -auxf 显示进程状态
  • df: disk free 其功能是显示磁盘可用空间数目信息及空间结点信息。换句话说,就是报告在任何安装的设备或目录中,还剩多少自由的空间。
  • du: Disk usage
  • rpm:即RedHat Package Management,是RedHat的发明之一
  • rmdir:Remove Directory(删除目录)
  • rm:Remove(删除目录或文件)
  • cat: concatenate 连锁
  • cat file1file2>>file3 把文件1和文件2的内容联合起来放到file3中
  • insmod: install module,载入模块
  • ln -s : link -soft 创建一个软链接,相当于创建一个快捷方式
  • mkdir:Make Directory(创建目录)
  • touch: touch
  • man: Manual
  • su:Swith user(切换用户)
  • cd:Change directory
  • ls:List files
  • ps:Process Status
  • mkdir:Make directory
  • rmdir:Remove directory
  • mkfs: Make file system
  • fsck:File system check
  • uname: Unix name
  • lsmod: List modules
  • mv: Move file
  • rm: Remove file
  • cp: Copy file
  • ln: Link files
  • fg: Foreground
  • bg: Background
  • chown: Change owner
  • chgrp: Change group
  • chmod: Change mode
  • umount: Unmount
  • dd: 本来应根据其功能描述"Convert an copy"命名为"cc",但"cc"已经被用以代表"CComplier",所以命名为"dd"
  • tar:Tape archive (磁带档案)
  • ldd:List dynamic dependencies
  • insmod:Install module
  • rmmod:Remove module
  • lsmod:List module
  • 文件结尾的"rc"(如.bashrc、.xinitrc等):Resource configuration
  • Knnxxx /Snnxxx(位于rcx.d目录下):K(Kill);S(Service);nn(执行顺序号);xxx(服务标识)
  • .a(扩展名a):Archive,static library
  • .so(扩展名so):Shared object,dynamically linked library
  • .o(扩展名o):Object file,complied result of C/C++ source file
  • RPM:Red hat package manager
  • dpkg:Debian package manager
  • apt:Advanced package tool(Debian或基于Debian的发行版中提供)

其他 Linux 命令缩写

  • bin = Binaries (二进制文件)
  • /dev = Devices (设备)
  • /etc = Etcetera (等等)
  • /lib = LIBrary
  • /proc = Processes
  • /sbin = Superuser Binaries (超级用户的二进制文件)
  • /tmp = Temporary (临时)
  • /usr = Unix Shared Resources
  • /var = Variable (变量)
  • FIFO = First In, First Out
  • GRUB = GRand Unified Bootloader
  • IFS= Internal Field Seperators
  • LILO = LInux LOader
  • MySQL = My 是最初作者女儿的名字,
  • SQL = Structured QueryLanguage
  • PHP = Personal Home Page Tools = PHP HypertextPreprocessor
  • PS = Prompt String
  • Perl = “Pratical Extraction and Report Language”(实际的抽取和报告语言) =”Pathologically Eclectic Rubbish Lister”
  • Python 得名于电视剧Monty Python’s Flying Circus
  • Tcl = Tool Command Language
  • Tk = ToolKit
  • VT = Video Terminal
  • YaST = Yet Another Setup Tool
  • apache = “a patchy” server
  • apt = Advanced Packaging Tool
  • ar = archiver
  • as = assembler
  • awk = “Aho Weiberger and Kernighan”三个作者的姓的第一个字母
  • bash = Bourne Again SHell
  • bc = Basic (Better) Calculator
  • bg = BackGround
  • biff = 作者HeidiStettner在U.C.Berkely养的一条狗,喜欢对邮递员汪汪叫。
  • cal = Calendar (日历)
  • cat = Catenate (链接)
  • cd = Change Directory
  • chgrp = Change Group
  • chmod = Change Mode
  • chown = Change Owner
  • chsh = Change Shell
  • cmp = compare
  • cobra = Common Object Request BrokerArchitecture
  • comm = common
  • cp = Copy
  • cpio = CoPy In and Out
  • cpp = C Pre Processor
  • cron = Chronos 希腊文时间
  • cups = Common Unix Printing System
  • cvs = Current Version System
  • daemon = Disk And Execution MONitor
  • dc = Desk Calculator
  • dd = Disk Dump (磁盘转储)
  • df = Disk Free
  • diff = Difference
  • dmesg = diagnostic message
  • du = Disk Usage
  • ed = editor
  • egrep = Extended GREP
  • elf = Extensible Linking Format
  • elm = ELectronic Mail
  • emacs = Editor MACroS
  • eval = EVALuate
  • ex = EXtended
  • exec = EXECute (执行)
  • fd = file descriptors
  • fg = ForeGround
  • fgrep = Fixed GREP
  • fmt = format
  • fsck = File System ChecK
  • fstab = FileSystem TABle
  • fvwm = F*** Virtual Window Manager
  • gawk = GNU AWK
  • gpg = GNU Privacy Guard
  • groff = GNU troff
  • hal = Hardware Abstraction Layer
  • joe = Joe’s Own Editor
  • ksh = Korn SHell
  • lame = Lame Ain’t an MP3 Encoder
  • lex = LEXical analyser
  • lisp = LISt Processing = Lots of IrritatingSuperfluous Parentheses
  • ln = Link
  • lpr = Line PRint
  • ls = list
  • lsof = LiSt Open Files
  • m4 = Macro processor Version 4
  • man = MANual pages
  • mawk = Mike Brennan’s AWK
  • mc = Midnight Commander
  • mkfs = MaKe FileSystem
  • mknod = Make Node
  • motd = Message of The Day
  • mozilla = MOsaic GodZILLa
  • mtab = Mount TABle
  • mv = Move
  • nano = Nano’s ANOther editor
  • nawk = New AWK
  • nl = Number of Lines
  • nm = names
  • nohup = No HangUP
  • nroff = New ROFF
  • od = Octal Dump
  • passwd = Passwd
  • pg = pager
  • pico = PIne’s message COmposition editor
  • pine = “Program for Internet News &Email” = “Pine is not Elm”
  • ping = 拟声 又 = Packet Internet Grouper
  • pirntcap = PRINTer CAPability
  • popd = POP Directory
  • pr = pre
  • printf = Print Formatted
  • ps = Processes Status
  • pty = pseudo tty
  • pushd = PUSH Directory
  • pwd = Print Working Directory
  • rc = runcom = run command, rc还是plan9的shell
  • rev = REVerse
  • rm = ReMove
  • rn = Read News
  • roff = RunOFF
  • rpm = RPM Package Manager = RedHat PackageManager
  • rsh, rlogin, rvim中的
  • r = Remote
  • rxvt = ouR XVT
  • seamoneky = 我
  • sed = Stream Editor
  • seq = SEQuence
  • shar = Shell ARchive
  • slrn = S-Lang rn
  • ssh = Secure Shell
  • ssl = Secure Sockets Layer
  • stty = Set TTY
  • su = Substitute User
  • svn = SubVersion
  • tar = Tape ARchive
  • tcsh = TENEX C shell
  • tee = T (T形水管接口)
  • telnet = TEminaL over Network
  • termcap = terminal capability
  • terminfo = terminal information
  • tex = τέχνη的缩写,希腊文art
  • tr = traslate
  • troff = Typesetter new ROFF
  • tsort = Topological SORT
  • tty = TeleTypewriter
  • twm = Tom’s Window Manager
  • tz = TimeZone
  • udev = Userspace DEV
  • ulimit = User’s LIMIT
  • umask = User’s MASK
  • uniq = UNIQue
  • i = VIsual = Very Inconvenient
  • vim = Vi IMproved
  • wall = write all
  • wc = Word Count
  • wine = WINE Is Not an Emulator
  • xargs = eXtended ARGuments
  • xdm = X Display Manager
  • xlfd = X Logical Font Description
  • xmms = X Multimedia System
  • xrdb = X Resources DataBase
  • xwd = X Window Dump
  • yacc = yet another compiler compiler
  • Fish = the Friendly Interactive SHell
  • su = Switch User
  • MIME = Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions
  • ECMA = European Computer ManufacturersAssociation

以上就是本文的全部内容,希望对大家的学习有所帮助,也希望大家多多支持脚本之家。

你可能感兴趣的