【2021-2022 春学期】人工智能-作业6:CNN实现XO识别

目录

数据集

构建模型

训练模型

测试训练好的模型

计算模型的准确率

查看训练好的模型的特征图

查看训练好的模型的卷积核

训练模型源代码

测试模型源代码


【2021-2022 春学期】人工智能-作业6:CNN实现XO识别_第1张图片

 卷积神经网路 Convolutional Neural Networks · 資料科學・機器・人 (mcknote.com)

数据集

Convolutional Neural Networks with Matlab, Caffe and TensorFlow — Optophysiology (uni-freiburg.de) 【2021-2022 春学期】人工智能-作业6:CNN实现XO识别_第2张图片

构建模型

class Net(nn.Module):
    def __init__(self):
        super(Net, self).__init__()
        self.conv1 = nn.Conv2d(1, 9, 3)
        self.maxpool = nn.MaxPool2d(2, 2)
        self.conv2 = nn.Conv2d(9, 5, 3)
 
        self.relu = nn.ReLU()
        self.fc1 = nn.Linear(27 * 27 * 5, 1200)
        self.fc2 = nn.Linear(1200, 64)
        self.fc3 = nn.Linear(64, 2)
 
    def forward(self, x):
        x = self.maxpool(self.relu(self.conv1(x)))
        x = self.maxpool(self.relu(self.conv2(x)))
        x = x.view(-1, 27 * 27 * 5)
        x = self.relu(self.fc1(x))
        x = self.relu(self.fc2(x))
        x = self.fc3(x)
        return x

【2021-2022 春学期】人工智能-作业6:CNN实现XO识别_第3张图片

训练模型

model = Net()
 
criterion = torch.nn.CrossEntropyLoss()  # 损失函数 交叉熵损失函数
optimizer = optim.SGD(model.parameters(), lr=0.1)  # 优化函数:随机梯度下降
 
epochs = 10
for epoch in range(epochs):
    running_loss = 0.0
    for i, data in enumerate(data_loader):
        images, label = data
        out = model(images)
        loss = criterion(out, label)
 
        optimizer.zero_grad()
        loss.backward()
        optimizer.step()
 
        running_loss += loss.item()
        if (i + 1) % 10 == 0:
            print('[%d  %5d]   loss: %.3f' % (epoch + 1, i + 1, running_loss / 100))
            running_loss = 0.0
 
print('finished train')
 
# 保存模型
torch.save(model, 'model_name.pth')  # 保存的是模型, 不止是w和b权重值

 【2021-2022 春学期】人工智能-作业6:CNN实现XO识别_第4张图片

测试训练好的模型

# 读取模型
model_load = torch.load('model_name.pth')
# 读取一张图片 images[0],测试
print("labels[0] truth:\t", labels[0])
x = images[0]
predicted = torch.max(model_load(x), 1)
print("labels[0] predict:\t", predicted.indices)
 
img = images[0].data.squeeze().numpy()  # 将输出转换为图片的格式
plt.imshow(img, cmap='gray')
plt.show()

 【2021-2022 春学期】人工智能-作业6:CNN实现XO识别_第5张图片

计算模型的准确率

# 读取模型
model_load = torch.load('model_name1.pth')
 
correct = 0
total = 0
with torch.no_grad():  # 进行评测的时候网络不更新梯度
    for data in data_loader_test:  # 读取测试集
        images, labels = data
        outputs = model_load(images)
        _, predicted = torch.max(outputs.data, 1)  # 取出 最大值的索引 作为 分类结果
        total += labels.size(0)  # labels 的长度
        correct += (predicted == labels).sum().item()  # 预测正确的数目
print('Accuracy of the network on the  test images: %f %%' % (100. * correct / total))

 【2021-2022 春学期】人工智能-作业6:CNN实现XO识别_第6张图片

查看训练好的模型的特征图

# 看看每层的 卷积核 长相,特征图 长相
# 获取网络结构的特征矩阵并可视化
import torch
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np
from PIL import Image
from torchvision import transforms, datasets
import torch.nn as nn
from torch.utils.data import DataLoader

#  定义图像预处理过程(要与网络模型训练过程中的预处理过程一致)

transforms = transforms.Compose([
    transforms.ToTensor(),  # 把图片进行归一化,并把数据转换成Tensor类型
    transforms.Grayscale(1)  # 把图片 转为灰度图
])
path = r'training_data_sm'
data_train = datasets.ImageFolder(path, transform=transforms)
data_loader = DataLoader(data_train, batch_size=64, shuffle=True)
for i, data in enumerate(data_loader):
    images, labels = data
    print(images.shape)
    print(labels.shape)
    break


class Net(nn.Module):
    def __init__(self):
        super(Net, self).__init__()
        self.conv1 = nn.Conv2d(1, 9, 3)  # in_channel , out_channel , kennel_size , stride
        self.maxpool = nn.MaxPool2d(2, 2)
        self.conv2 = nn.Conv2d(9, 5, 3)  # in_channel , out_channel , kennel_size , stride

        self.relu = nn.ReLU()
        self.fc1 = nn.Linear(27 * 27 * 5, 1200)  # full connect 1
        self.fc2 = nn.Linear(1200, 64)  # full connect 2
        self.fc3 = nn.Linear(64, 2)  # full connect 3

    def forward(self, x):
        outputs = []
        x = self.conv1(x)
        outputs.append(x)
        x = self.relu(x)
        outputs.append(x)
        x = self.maxpool(x)
        outputs.append(x)
        x = self.conv2(x)

        x = self.relu(x)

        x = self.maxpool(x)

        x = x.view(-1, 27 * 27 * 5)
        x = self.relu(self.fc1(x))
        x = self.relu(self.fc2(x))
        x = self.fc3(x)
        return outputs


# create model
model1 = Net()

# load model weights加载预训练权重
# model_weight_path ="./AlexNet.pth"
model_weight_path = "model_name1.pth"
model1.load_state_dict(torch.load(model_weight_path))

# 打印出模型的结构
print(model1)

x = images[0]

# forward正向传播过程
out_put = model1(x)

for feature_map in out_put:
    # [N, C, H, W] -> [C, H, W]    维度变换
    im = np.squeeze(feature_map.detach().numpy())
    # [C, H, W] -> [H, W, C]
    im = np.transpose(im, [1, 2, 0])
    print(im.shape)

    # show 9 feature maps
    plt.figure()
    for i in range(9):
        ax = plt.subplot(3, 3, i + 1)  # 参数意义:3:图片绘制行数,5:绘制图片列数,i+1:图的索引
        # [H, W, C]
        # 特征矩阵每一个channel对应的是一个二维的特征矩阵,就像灰度图像一样,channel=1
        # plt.imshow(im[:, :, i])
        plt.imshow(im[:, :, i], cmap='gray')
    plt.show()

 

 【2021-2022 春学期】人工智能-作业6:CNN实现XO识别_第7张图片

查看训练好的模型的卷积核

# 看看每层的 卷积核 长相,特征图 长相
# 获取网络结构的特征矩阵并可视化
import torch
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np
from PIL import Image
from torchvision import transforms, datasets
import torch.nn as nn
from torch.utils.data import DataLoader
 
plt.rcParams['font.sans-serif'] = ['SimHei']  # 用来正常显示中文标签
plt.rcParams['axes.unicode_minus'] = False  # 用来正常显示负号 #有中文出现的情况,需要u'内容
#  定义图像预处理过程(要与网络模型训练过程中的预处理过程一致)
transforms = transforms.Compose([
    transforms.ToTensor(),  # 把图片进行归一化,并把数据转换成Tensor类型
    transforms.Grayscale(1)  # 把图片 转为灰度图
])
path = r'training_data_sm'
data_train = datasets.ImageFolder(path, transform=transforms)
data_loader = DataLoader(data_train, batch_size=64, shuffle=True)
for i, data in enumerate(data_loader):
    images, labels = data
    # print(images.shape)
    # print(labels.shape)
    break
 
 
class Net(nn.Module):
    def __init__(self):
        super(Net, self).__init__()
        self.conv1 = nn.Conv2d(1, 9, 3)  # in_channel , out_channel , kennel_size , stride
        self.maxpool = nn.MaxPool2d(2, 2)
        self.conv2 = nn.Conv2d(9, 5, 3)  # in_channel , out_channel , kennel_size , stride
 
        self.relu = nn.ReLU()
        self.fc1 = nn.Linear(27 * 27 * 5, 1200)  # full connect 1
        self.fc2 = nn.Linear(1200, 64)  # full connect 2
        self.fc3 = nn.Linear(64, 2)  # full connect 3
 
    def forward(self, x):
        outputs = []
        x = self.maxpool(self.relu(self.conv1(x)))
        # outputs.append(x)
        x = self.maxpool(self.relu(self.conv2(x)))
        outputs.append(x)
        x = x.view(-1, 27 * 27 * 5)
        x = self.relu(self.fc1(x))
        x = self.relu(self.fc2(x))
        x = self.fc3(x)
        return outputs
 
 
# create model
model1 = Net()
 
# load model weights加载预训练权重
model_weight_path = "model_name1.pth"
model1.load_state_dict(torch.load(model_weight_path))
 
x = images[0]
 
# forward正向传播过程
out_put = model1(x)
 
weights_keys = model1.state_dict().keys()
for key in weights_keys:
    print("key :", key)
    # 卷积核通道排列顺序 [kernel_number, kernel_channel, kernel_height, kernel_width]
    if key == "conv1.weight":
        weight_t = model1.state_dict()[key].numpy()
        print("weight_t.shape", weight_t.shape)
        k = weight_t[:, 0, :, :]  # 获取第一个卷积核的信息参数
        # show 9 kernel ,1 channel
        plt.figure()
 
        for i in range(9):
            ax = plt.subplot(3, 3, i + 1)  # 参数意义:3:图片绘制行数,5:绘制图片列数,i+1:图的索引
            plt.imshow(k[i, :, :], cmap='gray')
            title_name = 'kernel' + str(i) + ',channel1'
            plt.title(title_name)
        plt.show()
 
    if key == "conv2.weight":
        weight_t = model1.state_dict()[key].numpy()
        print("weight_t.shape", weight_t.shape)
        k = weight_t[:, :, :, :]  # 获取第一个卷积核的信息参数
        print(k.shape)
        print(k)
 
        plt.figure()
        for c in range(9):
            channel = k[:, c, :, :]
            for i in range(5):
                ax = plt.subplot(2, 3, i + 1)  # 参数意义:3:图片绘制行数,5:绘制图片列数,i+1:图的索引
                plt.imshow(channel[i, :, :], cmap='gray')
                title_name = 'kernel' + str(i) + ',channel' + str(c)
                plt.title(title_name)
            plt.show()

【2021-2022 春学期】人工智能-作业6:CNN实现XO识别_第8张图片

训练模型源代码

注意:

下载的数据集没有分测试集和训练集。共2000张图片,X、O各1000张。

从X、O文件夹,分别取出150张作为测试集。

文件夹train_data:放置训练集 1700张图片

文件夹test_data: 放置测试集 300张图片

目录结构如下:

【2021-2022 春学期】人工智能-作业6:CNN实现XO识别_第9张图片

# https://blog.csdn.net/qq_53345829/article/details/124308515
import torch
from torchvision import transforms, datasets
import torch.nn as nn
from torch.utils.data import DataLoader
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import torch.optim as optim
 
transforms = transforms.Compose([
    transforms.ToTensor(),  # 把图片进行归一化,并把数据转换成Tensor类型
    transforms.Grayscale(1)  # 把图片 转为灰度图
])
 
path = r'train_data'
path_test = r'test_data'
 
data_train = datasets.ImageFolder(path, transform=transforms)
data_test = datasets.ImageFolder(path_test, transform=transforms)
 
print("size of train_data:",len(data_train))
print("size of test_data:",len(data_test))
 
data_loader = DataLoader(data_train, batch_size=64, shuffle=True)
data_loader_test = DataLoader(data_test, batch_size=64, shuffle=True)
 
for i, data in enumerate(data_loader):
    images, labels = data
    print(images.shape)
    print(labels.shape)
    break
 
for i, data in enumerate(data_loader_test):
    images, labels = data
    print(images.shape)
    print(labels.shape)
    break
 
 
class Net(nn.Module):
    def __init__(self):
        super(Net, self).__init__()
        self.conv1 = nn.Conv2d(1, 9, 3)  # in_channel , out_channel , kennel_size , stride
        self.maxpool = nn.MaxPool2d(2, 2)
        self.conv2 = nn.Conv2d(9, 5, 3)  # in_channel , out_channel , kennel_size , stride
 
        self.relu = nn.ReLU()
        self.fc1 = nn.Linear(27 * 27 * 5, 1200)  # full connect 1
        self.fc2 = nn.Linear(1200, 64)  # full connect 2
        self.fc3 = nn.Linear(64, 2)  # full connect 3
 
    def forward(self, x):
        x = self.maxpool(self.relu(self.conv1(x)))
        x = self.maxpool(self.relu(self.conv2(x)))
        x = x.view(-1, 27 * 27 * 5)
        x = self.relu(self.fc1(x))
        x = self.relu(self.fc2(x))
        x = self.fc3(x)
        return x
 
 
model = Net()
 
criterion = torch.nn.CrossEntropyLoss()  # 损失函数 交叉熵损失函数
optimizer = optim.SGD(model.parameters(), lr=0.1)  # 优化函数:随机梯度下降
 
epochs = 10
for epoch in range(epochs):
    running_loss = 0.0
    for i, data in enumerate(data_loader):
        images, label = data
        out = model(images)
        loss = criterion(out, label)
 
        optimizer.zero_grad()
        loss.backward()
        optimizer.step()
 
        running_loss += loss.item()
        if (i + 1) % 10 == 0:
            print('[%d  %5d]   loss: %.3f' % (epoch + 1, i + 1, running_loss / 100))
            running_loss = 0.0
 
print('finished train')
 
# 保存模型 torch.save(model.state_dict(), model_path)
torch.save(model.state_dict(), 'model_name1.pth')  # 保存的是模型, 不止是w和b权重值
 
# 读取模型
model = torch.load('model_name1.pth')

测试模型源代码

# https://blog.csdn.net/qq_53345829/article/details/124308515
import torch
from torchvision import transforms, datasets
import torch.nn as nn
from torch.utils.data import DataLoader
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import torch.optim as optim
 
transforms = transforms.Compose([
    transforms.ToTensor(),  # 把图片进行归一化,并把数据转换成Tensor类型
    transforms.Grayscale(1)  # 把图片 转为灰度图
])
 
path = r'train_data'
path_test = r'test_data'
 
data_train = datasets.ImageFolder(path, transform=transforms)
data_test = datasets.ImageFolder(path_test, transform=transforms)
 
print("size of train_data:", len(data_train))
print("size of test_data:", len(data_test))
 
data_loader = DataLoader(data_train, batch_size=64, shuffle=True)
data_loader_test = DataLoader(data_test, batch_size=64, shuffle=True)
print(len(data_loader))
print(len(data_loader_test))
 
 
class Net(nn.Module):
    def __init__(self):
        super(Net, self).__init__()
        self.conv1 = nn.Conv2d(1, 9, 3)  # in_channel , out_channel , kennel_size , stride
        self.maxpool = nn.MaxPool2d(2, 2)
        self.conv2 = nn.Conv2d(9, 5, 3)  # in_channel , out_channel , kennel_size , stride
 
        self.relu = nn.ReLU()
        self.fc1 = nn.Linear(27 * 27 * 5, 1200)  # full connect 1
        self.fc2 = nn.Linear(1200, 64)  # full connect 2
        self.fc3 = nn.Linear(64, 2)  # full connect 3
 
    def forward(self, x):
        x = self.maxpool(self.relu(self.conv1(x)))
        x = self.maxpool(self.relu(self.conv2(x)))
        x = x.view(-1, 27 * 27 * 5)
        x = self.relu(self.fc1(x))
        x = self.relu(self.fc2(x))
        x = self.fc3(x)
        return x
 
# 读取模型
model = Net()
model.load_state_dict(torch.load('model_name1.pth', map_location='cpu')) # 导入网络的参数
 
# model_load = torch.load('model_name1.pth')
# https://blog.csdn.net/qq_41360787/article/details/104332706
 
correct = 0
total = 0
with torch.no_grad():  # 进行评测的时候网络不更新梯度
    for data in data_loader_test:  # 读取测试集
        images, labels = data
        outputs = model(images)
        _, predicted = torch.max(outputs.data, 1)  # 取出 最大值的索引 作为 分类结果
        total += labels.size(0)  # labels 的长度
        correct += (predicted == labels).sum().item()  # 预测正确的数目
print('Accuracy of the network on the  test images: %f %%' % (100. * correct / total))
 
#  "_," 的解释 https://blog.csdn.net/weixin_48249563/article/details/111387501

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