SpringBoot工程通过jdbc连接Hive

首先确定当前hive的版本

例如:我目前的版本就是
hive-common-1.1.0-cdh5.16.2.jar

SpringBoot工程通过jdbc连接Hive
注意:引入的Hive-jdbc依赖需与Hive版本保持一致。

依次对应hive-common-1.1.0引入的Hive-jdbc版本为1.1.0(其中排除log4j依赖是为了解决原工程引入Hive依赖后导致日志不输出问题)

    
        org.apache.hive
        hive-jdbc

       1.1.0 

        
            
                org.eclipse.jetty.aggregate
                *
            
            
                org.apache.logging.log4j
                log4j-slf4j-impl
            
            
                org.slf4j
                slf4j-log4j12
            
            
                org.apache.log4j
                org.apache.hive.org.apache.log4j
            
            
                log4j
                log4j
            
        
    

关引入Hive-jdbc1.1.0再去尝试连接同样会发生报错

报错信息如下

java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: org/apache/hadoop/conf/Configuration

at org.apache.hive.jdbc.HiveConnection.createBinaryTransport(HiveConnection.java:393)
at org.apache.hive.jdbc.HiveConnection.openTransport(HiveConnection.java:187)
at org.apache.hive.jdbc.HiveConnection.(HiveConnection.java:163)
at org.apache.hive.jdbc.HiveDriver.connect(HiveDriver.java:105)
at java.sql.DriverManager.getConnection(DriverManager.java:664)
at java.sql.DriverManager.getConnection(DriverManager.java:247)
at com.hundsun.duqa.admin.api.service.DuqaHiveJDBCTest.test2(DuqaHiveJDBCTest.java:42)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:62)
at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:498)
at org.junit.runners.model.FrameworkMethod$1.runReflectiveCall(FrameworkMethod.java:50)
at org.junit.internal.runners.model.ReflectiveCallable.run(ReflectiveCallable.java:12)
at org.junit.runners.model.FrameworkMethod.invokeExplosively(FrameworkMethod.java:47)
at org.junit.internal.runners.statements.InvokeMethod.evaluate(InvokeMethod.java:17)
at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.statements.RunBeforeTestMethodCallbacks.evaluate(RunBeforeTestMethodCallbacks.java:75)
at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.statements.RunAfterTestMethodCallbacks.evaluate(RunAfterTestMethodCallbacks.java:86)
at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.statements.SpringRepeat.evaluate(SpringRepeat.java:84)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.runLeaf(ParentRunner.java:325)
at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.java:252)
at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.java:94)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$3.run(ParentRunner.java:290)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$1.schedule(ParentRunner.java:71)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.runChildren(ParentRunner.java:288)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.access$000(ParentRunner.java:58)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$2.evaluate(ParentRunner.java:268)
at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.statements.RunBeforeTestClassCallbacks.evaluate(RunBeforeTestClassCallbacks.java:61)
at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.statements.RunAfterTestClassCallbacks.evaluate(RunAfterTestClassCallbacks.java:70)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.run(ParentRunner.java:363)
at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.run(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.java:191)
at org.junit.runner.JUnitCore.run(JUnitCore.java:137)
at com.intellij.junit4.JUnit4IdeaTestRunner.startRunnerWithArgs(JUnit4IdeaTestRunner.java:68)
at com.intellij.rt.junit.IdeaTestRunner$Repeater.startRunnerWithArgs(IdeaTestRunner.java:33)
at com.intellij.rt.junit.JUnitStarter.prepareStreamsAndStart(JUnitStarter.java:230)
at com.intellij.rt.junit.JUnitStarter.main(JUnitStarter.java:58)

Caused by: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: org.apache.hadoop.conf.Configuration

at java.net.URLClassLoader.findClass(URLClassLoader.java:382)
at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClass(ClassLoader.java:418)
at sun.misc.Launcher$AppClassLoader.loadClass(Launcher.java:355)
at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClass(ClassLoader.java:351)
... 35 more

产生错误的原因是我们需要同样引入Hadoop-common包,这里我选择的是2.6.5

    
        org.apache.hadoop
        hadoop-common
        2.6.5
        
            
                servlet-api
                javax.servlet
            
            
                org.apache.logging.log4j
                log4j-slf4j-impl
            
            
                org.slf4j
                slf4j-log4j12
            
            
                org.apache.log4j
                org.apache.hive.org.apache.log4j
            
            
                log4j
                log4j
            
        
    

再去测试我们的Demo,成功了!

Demo代码如下:

public void test2() throws Exception{

    // 注册数据库驱动,用的hive的jdbc,驱动名固定写死
    Class.forName("org.apache.hive.jdbc.HiveDriver");
    // 如果用的是hive2服务,则写jdbc:hive2,后面跟上hive服务器的ip以及端口号,端口号默认是10000
    Connection conn = DriverManager.getConnection("jdbc:hive2://1服务器IP:10000/库名", "用户名", "密码");
    Statement stat = conn.createStatement();
    ResultSet rs = stat.executeQuery("select api_id from idc.ods_duas_data_services_mng where thedate =  '20220424' and api_id regexp 'companyInfo'");
    while (rs.next()) {
        String api_id = rs.getString("api_id");
        System.out.println(api_id);
    }
    stat.close();
    conn.close();
}

完美解决SpringBoot通过jdbc连接Hive问题!

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