python gui模块安装_Python的GUI框架PySide的安装配置教程

(一)说在前面

Python自带了GUI模块Tkinter,只是界面风格有些老旧。另外就是各种GUI框架了。

之前安装过WxPython,并做了简单的界面。遂最近又重新搜索了一下网上关于Python GUI框架的问题,发现还是Qt呀。

Python的Qt有PyQt和PySide吧。PyQt 是商业及 GPL 的版权, 而 PySide 是 LGPL。大意也就是PyQt开发商业软件是要购买授权的,而PySide则不需要。二者代码基本一致,修改下import 基本剩余的代码皆可通用。所以毫不犹豫的选择了PySide。

(二)PySide的安装

(1)比较快捷省事的安装

dizzy@dizzy-pc:~$ sudo add-apt-repository ppa:pyside

You are about to add the following PPA to your system:

Official Ubuntu packages for PySide Qt Bindings.

dizzy@dizzy-pc:~$ sudo apt-get update

# ... ...

dizzy@dizzy-pc:~$ sudo apt-get install python-pyside

Reading package lists... Done

Building dependency tree

Reading state information... Done

The following extra packages will be installed:

libphonon4 libpyside1.1 libqt4-help libqt4-scripttools libqt4-test

libqtwebkit4 libshiboken1.1 phonon phonon-backend-gstreamer

python-pyside.phonon python-pyside.qtcore python-pyside.qtdeclarative

python-pyside.qtgui python-pyside.qthelp python-pyside.qtnetwork

python-pyside.qtopengl python-pyside.qtscript python-pyside.qtsql

python-pyside.qtsvg python-pyside.qttest python-pyside.qtuitools

python-pyside.qtwebkit python-pyside.qtxml

(2)测试是否安装成功

dizzy@dizzy-pc:~$ python

Python 2.7.3 (default, Feb 27 2014, 20:00:17)

[GCC 4.6.3] on linux2

Type "help", "copyright", "credits" or "license" for more information.

>>> import PySide

>>> dir(PySide)

复制代码 代码如下:

['__all__', '__builtins__', '__doc__', '__file__', '__name__', '__package__', '__path__', '__version__', '__version_info__']

>>> PySide.__version__

'1.1.2'

>>> PySide.QtCore.__version__

'4.8.1'

(三)PySide初试

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-

# Import PySide classes

import sys

from PySide.QtCore import *

from PySide.QtGui import *

# Create a Qt application

app = QApplication(sys.argv)

# Create a Label and show it

label = QLabel("Hello World")

label.show()

# Enter Qt application main loop

app.exec_()

sys.exit()

这样运行就可以看到一个最简单的窗口了。Hello World .

(四)Hello,PySide

第一个使用PySide的示例,新建一个Hello.py文件,输入以下内容:

# Import PySide classes

import sys

from PySide.QtCore import *

from PySide.QtGui import *

# Create a Qt application

app = QApplication(sys.argv)

# Create a Label and show it

label = QLabel("Hello World")

label.show()

# Enter Qt application main loop

app.exec_()

sys.exit()

双击该文件,运行结果:

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