为什么交易发送失败了

在 Conflux 网络,通过 cfx_sendRawTransaction 方法发送交易时,如果交易构造不对,发送将会失败。其中一些错误比较常见比如:

  • 使用了已被执行过的 nonce
  • 使用了已经被发送到交易池中的 nonce

另外还有几种发送失败的情况:

  • chainId 使用不匹配
  • epochHeight 太大
  • gas 超过 1500w (half of block gas limit)
  • gas 小余 21000
  • data 过大 (超过 200K)
  • gasPrice 设置为 0
  • 签名错误
  • 交易池满

如下是交易发送失败时 cfx_sendRawTransaction 方法返回的 RPC 错误

nonce 使用错误

使用了已经被执行的 nonce

{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": "15922956697249514502",
    "error": {
        "code": -32602,
        "message": "Invalid parameters: tx",
        "data": "\"Transaction 0x4a2cfa73267139d965ab86d41f2af16db09e62ff92a5abffd7f8e743f36f327c is discarded due to a too stale nonce\""
    }
}

此种情况需改为当前可以用的(未用的) nonce

使用了已经被发送到交易池中的 nonce

{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": "15922956697249514502",
    "error": {
        "code": -32602,
        "message": "Invalid parameters: tx",
        "data": "\"tx already exist\""
    }
  }

{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": "15922956697249514502",
    "error": {
        "code": -32602,
        "message": "Invalid parameters: tx",
        "data": "Tx with same nonce already inserted. To replace it, you need to specify a gas price > {}"
    }
}

对于这两种情况代表交易已经被发到交易池中了,如果想更新或替换交易的话,可以使用同样的 nonce, 修改对应的字段,并提高 gasPrice 重新发送

使用了过大的 nonce

发送交易的 nonce 不能币用户当前 nonce 过大,如果超过 2000 将遇到如下错误:

{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": "15922956697249514502",
    "error": {
        "code": -32602,
        "message": "Invalid parameters: tx",
        "data": "\"Transaction 0xc875a03e1ce01268931a1a428d8f8313714ab5eb9c2b626bd327af7e5c3e8c03 is discarded due to in too distant future\""
    }
  }

gas

如果交易的 gas 太小(<21000)或太大(>1500w)会返回如下错误:

{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": "15922956697249514502",
    "error": {
        "code": -32602,
        "message": "Invalid parameters: tx",
        "data": "\"NotEnoughBaseGas { required: 21000, got: 2000 }\""
    }
}
{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": "15922956697249514502",
    "error": {
        "code": -32602,
        "message": "Invalid parameters: tx",
        "data": "\"transaction gas 20000000 exceeds the maximum value 15000000, the half of pivot block gas limit\""
    }
}

gasPrice

交易的 gasPrice 不能设置为 0:

{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": "15922956697249514502",
    "error": {
        "code": -32602,
        "message": "Invalid parameters: tx",
        "data": "\"ZeroGasPrice\""
    }
}

data

交易有大小限制,最大不能超过 200k

epochHeight

如果交易的 epochHeight 跟当前网络的 epochNumber 相比小余超过 10w 会遇到如下错误:

{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": "15922956697249514502",
    "error": {
        "code": -32602,
        "message": "Invalid parameters: tx",
        "data": "\"EpochHeightOutOfBound { block_height: 53800739, set: 0, transaction_epoch_bound: 100000 }\""
    }
}

chainId 使用错误

{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": "15922956697249514502",
    "error": {
        "code": -32602,
        "message": "Invalid parameters: tx",
        "data": "\"ChainIdMismatch { expected: 1, got: 2 }\""
    }
}

编码或签名错误

{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": "15922956697249514502",
    "error": {
        "code": -32602,
        "message": "Invalid parameters: raw",
        "data": "\"RlpIncorrectListLen\""
    }
}
{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": "15922956697249514502",
    "error": {
        "code": -32602,
        "message": "Invalid parameters: tx",
        "data": "Can not recover pubkey for Ethereum like tx"
    }
}

交易池满

{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": "15922956697249514502",
    "error": {
        "code": -32602,
        "message": "Invalid parameters: tx",
        "data": "txpool is full"
    }
}

{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": "15922956697249514502",
    "error": {
        "code": -32602,
        "message": "Invalid parameters: tx",
        "data": "Failed imported to deferred pool: Transaction Pool is full"
    }
}

对于此种情况,可等待一会重新发送交易,提高交易的 gasPrice 有助于提高发送的几率

其他

节点处于 catch-up mode

{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": "15922956697249514502",
    "error": {
        "code": -32077,
        "message": "Request rejected due to still in the catch up mode.",
        "data": null
    }
}

等节点数据同步到最新之后再发送

内部错误

{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": "15922956697249514502",
    "error": {
        "code": -32602,
        "message": "Invalid parameters: tx",
        "data": "Failed to read account_cache from storage: {}"
    }
}

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