Java NIO实战之多人聊天室

本文实例为大家分享了Java NIO实战之多人聊天室的具体代码,供大家参考,具体内容如下

NIO服务端

public class NioServer {

    /**
     * 启动
     */
    public void start() throws IOException {
        /**
         * 1. 创建Selector
         */
        Selector selector = Selector.open();
        /**
         * 2. 通过ServerSocketChannel创建channel通道
         */
        ServerSocketChannel serverSocketChannel = ServerSocketChannel.open();
        /**
         * 3. 为channel通道绑定监听端口
         */
        serverSocketChannel.bind(new InetSocketAddress(8000));
        /**
         * 4. **设置channel为非阻塞模式**
         */
        serverSocketChannel.configureBlocking(false);
        /**
         * 5. 将channel注册到selector上,监听连接事件
         */
        serverSocketChannel.register(selector, SelectionKey.OP_ACCEPT);
        System.out.println("服务器启动成功!");

        /**
         * 6. 循环等待新接入的连接
         */
        for (;;) { // while(true) c for;;
            /**
             * TODO 获取可用channel数量
             */
            int readyChannels = selector.select();

            /**
             * TODO 为什么要这样!!?
             */
            if (readyChannels == 0) continue;

            /**
             * 获取可用channel的集合
             */
            Set selectionKeys = selector.selectedKeys();

            Iterator iterator = selectionKeys.iterator();

            while (iterator.hasNext()) {
                /**
                 * selectionKey实例
                 */
                SelectionKey selectionKey = (SelectionKey) iterator.next();

                /**
                 * **移除Set中的当前selectionKey**
                 */
                iterator.remove();

                /**
                 * 7. 根据就绪状态,调用对应方法处理业务逻辑
                 */
                /**
                 * 如果是 接入事件
                 */
                if (selectionKey.isAcceptable()) {
                    acceptHandler(serverSocketChannel, selector);
                }

                /**
                 * 如果是 可读事件
                 */
                if (selectionKey.isReadable()) {
                    readHandler(selectionKey, selector);
                }
            }
        }
    }

    /**
     * 接入事件处理器
     */
    private void acceptHandler(ServerSocketChannel serverSocketChannel,
                               Selector selector)
            throws IOException {
        /**
         * 如果要是接入事件,创建socketChannel
         */
        SocketChannel socketChannel = serverSocketChannel.accept();

        /**
         * 将socketChannel设置为非阻塞工作模式
         */
        socketChannel.configureBlocking(false);

        /**
         * 将channel注册到selector上,监听 可读事件
         */
        socketChannel.register(selector, SelectionKey.OP_READ);

        /**
         * 回复客户端提示信息
         */
        socketChannel.write(Charset.forName("UTF-8")
                .encode("你与聊天室里其他人都不是朋友关系,请注意隐私安全"));
    }

    /**
     * 可读事件处理器
     */
    private void readHandler(SelectionKey selectionKey, Selector selector)
            throws IOException {
        /**
         * 要从 selectionKey 中获取到已经就绪的channel
         */
        SocketChannel socketChannel = (SocketChannel) selectionKey.channel();

        /**
         * 创建buffer
         */
        ByteBuffer byteBuffer = ByteBuffer.allocate(1024);

        /**
         * 循环读取客户端请求信息
         */
        String request = "";
        while (socketChannel.read(byteBuffer) > 0) {
            /**
             * 切换buffer为读模式
             */
            byteBuffer.flip();

            /**
             * 读取buffer中的内容
             */
            request += Charset.forName("UTF-8").decode(byteBuffer);
        }

        /**
         * 将channel再次注册到selector上,监听他的可读事件
         */
        socketChannel.register(selector, SelectionKey.OP_READ);

        /**
         * 将客户端发送的请求信息 广播给其他客户端
         */
        if (request.length() > 0) {
            // 广播给其他客户端
            broadCast(selector, socketChannel, request);
        }
    }

    /**
     * 广播给其他客户端
     */
    private void broadCast(Selector selector,
                           SocketChannel sourceChannel, String request) {
        /**
         * 获取到所有已接入的客户端channel
         */
        Set selectionKeySet = selector.keys();

        /**
         * 循环向所有channel广播信息
         */
        selectionKeySet.forEach(selectionKey -> {
            Channel targetChannel = selectionKey.channel();

            // 剔除发消息的客户端
            if (targetChannel instanceof SocketChannel
                    && targetChannel != sourceChannel) {
                try {
                    // 将信息发送到targetChannel客户端
                    ((SocketChannel) targetChannel).write(
                            Charset.forName("UTF-8").encode(request));
                } catch (IOException e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
            }
        });
    }

    /**
     * 主方法
     * @param args
     */
    public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {
        new NioServer().start();
    }

}

NIO客户端

public class NioClient {

    /**
     * 启动
     */
    public void start(String nickname) throws IOException {
        /**
         * 连接服务器端
         */
        SocketChannel socketChannel = SocketChannel.open(
                new InetSocketAddress("127.0.0.1", 8000));

        /**
         * 接收服务器端响应
         */
        // 新开线程,专门负责来接收服务器端的响应数据
        // selector , socketChannel , 注册
        Selector selector = Selector.open();
        socketChannel.configureBlocking(false);
        socketChannel.register(selector, SelectionKey.OP_READ);
        new Thread(new NioClientHandler(selector)).start();

        /**
         * 向服务器端发送数据
         */
        Scanner scanner = new Scanner(System.in);
        while (scanner.hasNextLine()) {
            String request = scanner.nextLine();
            if (request != null && request.length() > 0) {
                socketChannel.write(
                        Charset.forName("UTF-8")
                                .encode(nickname + " : " + request));
            }
        }

    }
    public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {
//        new NioClient().start();
    }
}

客户端线程,处理服务器端响应的的消息

public class NioClientHandler implements Runnable {
    private Selector selector;

    public NioClientHandler(Selector selector) {
        this.selector = selector;
    }

    @Override
    public void run() {

        try {
            for (;;) {
                int readyChannels = selector.select();

                if (readyChannels == 0) continue;

                /**
                 * 获取可用channel的集合
                 */
                Set selectionKeys = selector.selectedKeys();

                Iterator iterator = selectionKeys.iterator();

                while (iterator.hasNext()) {
                    /**
                     * selectionKey实例
                     */
                    SelectionKey selectionKey = (SelectionKey) iterator.next();

                    /**
                     * **移除Set中的当前selectionKey**
                     */
                    iterator.remove();

                    /**
                     * 7. 根据就绪状态,调用对应方法处理业务逻辑
                     */

                    /**
                     * 如果是 可读事件
                     */
                    if (selectionKey.isReadable()) {
                        readHandler(selectionKey, selector);
                    }
                }
            }
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

    /**
     * 可读事件处理器
     */
    private void readHandler(SelectionKey selectionKey, Selector selector)
            throws IOException {
        /**
         * 要从 selectionKey 中获取到已经就绪的channel
         */
        SocketChannel socketChannel = (SocketChannel) selectionKey.channel();

        /**
         * 创建buffer
         */
        ByteBuffer byteBuffer = ByteBuffer.allocate(1024);

        /**
         * 循环读取服务器端响应信息
         */
        String response = "";
        while (socketChannel.read(byteBuffer) > 0) {
            /**
             * 切换buffer为读模式
             */
            byteBuffer.flip();

            /**
             * 读取buffer中的内容
             */
            response += Charset.forName("UTF-8").decode(byteBuffer);
        }

        /**
         * 将channel再次注册到selector上,监听他的可读事件
         */
        socketChannel.register(selector, SelectionKey.OP_READ);

        /**
         * 将服务器端响应信息打印到本地
         */
        if (response.length() > 0) {
            System.out.println(response);
        }
    }
}

我们定义三个客户端,模拟三个用户在聊天室发送消息

public class AClient {

    public static void main(String[] args)
            throws IOException {
        new NioClient().start("AClient");
    }
}

public class BClient {

    public static void main(String[] args)
            throws IOException {
        new NioClient().start("BClient");
    }
}

public class CClient {

    public static void main(String[] args)
            throws IOException {
        new NioClient().start("CClient");
    }

}

NIO 聊天室到此结束

以上就是本文的全部内容,希望对大家的学习有所帮助,也希望大家多多支持脚本之家。

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