COMP3331/9331 计算机网络

COMP3331/9331 Computer Networks and Applications
Assignment for Term 1, 2019
Individual Assignment
Version 1.1
Due: 26th April 2019
Updates to the assignment, including any corrections and clarifications, will be posted
on the course website (
Please make sure that you check the course website regularly for updates. You can
post questions in the assignment forum.

  1. Change Log
  2. Version 1.0 released on Feb 18, 2018.
  3. Goal and learning objectives
    For this assignment, you will be asked to implement a part of the peer-to-peer (P2P)
    protocol Circular DHT which is described in Section 2.6 of the text Computer
    Networking (6th ed) and would be discussed in the lecture. A primary requirement for
    a P2P application is that the peers form a connected network at all time. A complication
    that a P2P network must be able to deal with is that peers can join and leave the
    network at any time. For example, if a peer leaves the network suddenly (because it
    has crashed), then the remaining peers must try to keep a connected network without
    this peer. It is therefore necessary to design P2P networks so that they can deal with
    these complications. One such method has been described in Section 2.6 of the text,
    under the heading of Peer Churn for circular DHT. You will also learn how to implement
    reliable data transmission over UDP.
    2.1. Learning Objectives
    On completing this assignment, you will gain sufficient expertise in the following
  4. Understanding of routing mechanism and connectivity maintenance in peerto-peer
    systems, and Circular DHT in particular.
  5. Socket programming for both UDP and TCP transport protocols.
  6. Protocol and message design for applications.
  7. Basic understanding of creating a reliable connection.
  8. Background
    The following is extracted from the Peer Churn section of the text:
    “In P2P systems, a peer can come or go without warning. Thus, when designing a
    DHT, we also must be concerned about maintaining the DHT overlay in the presence
    of such peer churn. To get a big-picture understanding of how this could be
    accomplished, let’s once again consider the DHT in Figure 2.27(a) [Reproduced here
    as Figure 1]. To handle peer churn, we will now require each peer to track (that is,
    know the IP address of) its first and second successor; for example, peer 4 now tracks
    both peer 5 and peer 8. We also require each peer to periodically verify that its two
    successors are alive (for example, by periodically sending ping messages to them and
    asking for responses). Let’s now consider how DHT is maintained when a peer
    abruptly leaves. For example, suppose peer 5 in Figure 2.27(a)[Figure 1 in this
    assignment spec] abruptly leaves. In this case, the two peers preceding the departed
    peer (4 and 3) learn that 5 has departed, since it no longer responds to ping messages.
    Peers 4 and 3 thus need to update their successor state information. Let’s consider
    how peer 4 updates its state:
  9. Peer 4 replaces its first successor (peer 5) with its second successor (peer 8).
  10. Peer 4 then asks its new first successor (peer 8) for the identifier and IP
    addresses of its immediate successor (peer 10). Peer 4 then makes peer 10 its
    second successor.
    Having briefly addressed what has to be done when a peer leaves, let’s now consider
    what happens when a peer wants to join the DHT. Let’s say a peer with identifier 13
    wants to join the DHT, and at the time of joining, it only knows about peer 1’s existence
    in the DHT. Peer 13 would first send peer 1 a message, saying ”what will be peer 13’s
    predecessor and successor?” This message gets forwarded through the DHT until it
    reaches peer 12, who realises it will be peer 13’s predecessor and its current
    successor, peer 15, will become its successor. Next, peer 12 sends this predecessor
    and successor information to peer 13. Peer 13 can now join the DHT by making peer
  11. its successor and by notifying peer 12 that it should be its immediate successor to
    peer 13.
    Figure 1. DHT configuration.
  12. Assignment description
    For this assignment, you are asked to write a Java, C, or Python program which can
    handle query/response and peer churn (leaving only) for circular DHT as described in
    Section 3. However, there are a few important points that you need to note:
  13. You will be running each peer in an xterm on one machine. Therefore, tracking
    a peer no longer means knowing the IP address but in your case, it means
    knowing the port numbers (we will further elaborate on this point later).
  14. You will not be able to use built in ping in OS to determine whether the two
    successors of a peer are still alive. You will need to implement your own ping
    Please make sure that your P2P program is working in the CSE laboratory as we
    will test (and mark) your assignment using CSE machines.
    If your program does not work on CSE machine, you will get ‘0’ mark for
    assignment as we cannot accept running the code on your own machine.
    In the following description, we will continue to use the example in Figure 1, but a very
    important point that you need to note is that: you should not make any assumption
    regarding the number of peers and their identities in your program. The number of
    peers and their identities to be used for the evaluation can change from student to
    student. You should therefore make sure that you test that your program can deal with
    the general situation. You can assume that there would be no more than 10 peers and
    the peer identities is within the range of 0-255.
    There are a number of mandatory requirements:
  15. You must name your program cdht.c,, or
  16. This program uses 5 input arguments. The first three input arguments are all
    integers in the range of [0,255]. The fourth input is an integer value. And the
    final input is a value in the range of [0,1]. They are used to initialise the network
    as discussed in section 4.1 (initialization step).
  17. For python programs, please indicate the version of python you used clearly in
    the first lines of your report.
  18. For c programs, please include makefile with your submission and explain the
    process for making the file in your report. You must also show this on your
    4.1. Assignment specification
    In this section, we will discuss the steps that you must take to implement this
    assignment. Make sure your program covers all these steps to get full mark. The
    marking guideline is discussed in section 7.
    Step 1: Initialization
    The main aim of this step is to initialize the DHT. For the example in Figure 1, which
    has 8 peers, 8 xterms will be open to initialise 8 peers. This step will be performed by
    using a set-up script, of which the following is an example:
    This script opens up 8 xterms and starts a peer in each xterm. The -e option asks the
    xterm to execute the command specified after the switch (For meaning of the other
    xterm options, please use man xterm).
    In order to understand what the input arguments represent, let us look at the first line
    more closely. The executable part of this line is “java cdht 1 3 4 400 0.1”.
    The first input argument, i.e., 1” is the identity of the peer to be initialised. The second
    and third arguments, i.e., 3 and 4, are the identities of the two successive peers. The
    forth argument is Maximum Segment Size (MSS) used to determine the size of the
    data that must be transferred in each segment (discussed more in Step 3). MSS in
    this example is set to 400. The last argument is the drop probability which must be
    between 0-1 (discussed more in Step 3). You will find that the above file initialises the
    configuration of the circular DHT given in Figure 1. The above configuration file is
    available from the assignment website. There are also C and Python versions.
    Given the above set-up script, each peer will know its identity and the identities of its
    two successors. There are a few assumptions that you can safely assume:
  19. We will ask you to work with at most 10 peers.
  20. The minimum number of peers is 4.
  21. The identity of a peer is always in the range of [0,255].
  22. The set-up script that we give you will always correctly describe a circular
    You can always create more set-up scripts for testing. Although for the demo (see
    Section 5) you will run your code with the above configuration, but we will also test
    your code with another configuration that we have to ensure that you did not hardcode
    anything in the program. You would not know that configuration, but the configuration
    will follow the above rules. Thus, make sure you test your code with different
    Step 2: Ping successors
    After initialisation, each peer will start pinging its two successors to see whether they
    are alive. The ping mechanism should define two types of messages: 1) ping request,
    and 2) ping response. The ping messages should use UDP protocol. You can assume
    that a peer whose identity is i will listen to the UDP port 50000 + i for ping messages.
    For example, peers 4 and 12 will listen on UDP ports 50004 and 50012 respectively
    for ping request messages. Each peer should output a line to the terminal when a ping
    request message is received from any of its two predecessors. For example, peer 10
    is expected to receive ping request messages from peers 5 and 8; when peer 10
    receives a ping request message from peer 5, it should output the following line to the
    A ping request message was received from Peer 5.
    Similarly, if peer 10 receives a ping request message from peer 8, it should output the
    following line to the terminal:
    A ping request message was received from Peer 8.
    The numbers ”5” and ”8” are correct for this example, your program is of course
    expected to print the correct identities for the situation.
    NOTE: Printing ping messages to the terminal is highly important as the evaluator will
    mark you according to the outputs. So, if no output is printed, the evaluator will assume
    that the ping was unsuccessful. Even if you implement the ping correctly but there is
    no output, you will get 10% of the mark for that part (see Section 7).
    Since the title of each xterm displays the identity of each peer, you should be able to
    keep track of each peer. When a peer receives a ping request message from another
    peer, it should send a ping response message to the sending peer so that the sending
    peer knows that the receiving peer is alive. When a peer receives a ping response
    from another peer, it should display on the terminal. For example, if peer 10 is still
    alive, peer 5 is expected to receive a ping response message from peer 10, and peer
  23. should display:
    A ping response message was received from Peer 10.
    It is important to note that the messages displayed in the terminal should differentiate
    between ping request and ping response messages.
    You will need to decide on how often you send the ping messages. You should not
    send them very often, otherwise you may overwhelm the computer. Please don’t make
    the evaluator waiting for more than 3 minutes before it shows the output. Otherwise it
    will be assumed that the program does not work.
    Step 3: Requesting a file
    An application of DHT is distributed file storage. In this step, you will be using the P2P
    network that you have created to request for files. To request a file with filename X
    from peer Y, the requester will type “request X” to the xterm of peer Y. Thus, your
    program must be able to receive string inputs. Before describing what will be
    evaluated, we first specify the rules for filenames, hashing, file location and messages:
    Filename: You can assume all the filenames in this P2P system are four digit
    numbers. Some examples of valid filename are 0000, 0159, 1890, etc.
    Filenames such as a912 and 32134 are invalid because the former contains a
    non-numeral character and the latter does not consist of exactly 4 numerals.
    Hash function: All the peers in the network use the same hash function. Note
    that you need to implement a simple hash function, so you do not need to use
    conventional hash functions. The hash function will be applied to the filename.
    Given the filename format defined earlier, each filename is an integer in the
    range [0, 9999]. To compute the hash of a file, you must compute the remainder
    of the filename integer when it is divided by 256. This gives you a hash value
    as an integer in [0,255]. For example, for the file with filename 2012, its integer
    equivalent is 2012 and the remainder when 2012 is divided by 256 is 220; thus,
    the hash of the file 2012 is 220.
    ? File location: The location where a file is stored in a P2P network depends on
    the hash of the file as well as the peers that are currently in the network. The
    rule is, for a file whose hash is n (where n is an integer in [0, 255]), the file will
    be stored in the peer that is the closest successor of n. We will use the P2P
    network in figure 1 to illustrate this rule. If the hash values of three different files
    are 6, 10 and 210, then they will be stored, respectively, in peers 8, 10 and 1.
    Request and response messages: If a peer wants to request for a file, the peer
    (which we will call the requesting peer) will send a file request message to its
    successor. The file request message will be passed round the P2P network
    until it reaches the peer that has the file (which we will call the responding peer).
    The responding peer will send a response message directly to the requesting
    peer. We require both these messages, i.e., file request and response, to be
    sent over TCP. You can assume that a peer whose identity is i will listen to the
    TCP port 50000 + i for these messages.
    Transfer the file: The responding peer has to transfer a file to the requesting
    peer over UDP connection. Unlike ping packets, the file has to be sent directly
    to the requesting peer. Recall that UDP is not reliable. You need to make the
    connection reliable by implementing a simple protocol with stop-and-wait
    behaviour. Recall that in stop-and-wait, the sender sends a data packet to the
    receiver, and waits until it receives an acknowledgement, or a timeout happens.
    In case an ACK is received, the sender sends the next part of data, and if a
    timeout occurs, the sender re-transmits the data. Note that, this will be a very
    simple reliable connection which only deals with packet lost. The responding
    peer forms packet with MSS bytes of data. Then, it has to add the sequence
    number, acknowledge number, and MSS, and encapsulate all as a packet. This
    packet will then be transmitted to the requesting peer. The responding peer will
    start a timer for the packet which essentially is needed for timeout operation.
    Once the requesting peer received the data packet, it will generate a
    corresponding acknowledgement and send back to the responding peer. On
    receipt of the acknowledgement packet, the responding peer will transfer the
    next MSS bytes of data. If the data packet gets lost, the requesting peer will not
    transfer the acknowledgement (as no data is received) and thus the timeout will
    happen in the responding peer. Recall that the responding peer maintains a
    timer for each data packet it sends. The timeout-interval is set to 1 seconds in
    this assignment. If the responding peer does not receive an acknowledgement
    for the sent packet within timeout-interval, it considers the packet to be lost, and
    thus have to re-transmit the packet.
    The responding and requesting peers must maintains a log file named
    responding_log.txt and requesting_log.txt where they record the information
    about each segment they send and receive. The format of the log file shall be
    as follow:
  24. as the filename. Place the PDF named 2012 in the same folder as the execution
    files are located. Type the string “request 2012” in the xterm for peer 8 to inform
    peer 8 to begin the file request process. Peer 8 should format a file request message
    and forward it to its successor. Peer 8 should display in its xterm the following:
    File request message for 2012 has been sent to my successor.
    The successor to peer 8, which is peer 10, should decide whether it has the file. The
    decision should be negative in this case and peer 10 should then forward the file
    request message to its successor. Peer 10 should display:
    File 2012 is not stored here.
    File request message has been forwarded to my successor.
    The file request message will then be passed onto peer 10, 12 and then peer 15. All
    these peers should decide that they do not have the file and forward the file request
    message to their respective successor. Peers 10, 12, and 15 are expected to display:
    File 2012 is not stored here.
    File request message has been forwarded to my successor.
    After peer 1 has received the file request message, it should decide that it has the
    file 2012. Peer 1 will then format a response message and send it directly to
    requesting peer, which is peer 8. Peer 1 also must print that it starts sending the file
    and when finished it must print that the transmission is finished. Peer 1 should
    File 2012 is here.
    A response message, destined for peer 8, has been sent.
    We now start sending the file ………
    The file is sent.
    After peer 8 has received the response message from peer 1, it should display:
    Received a response message from peer 1, which has the file
    We now start receiving the file ………
    The file is received.
    At the end of the data transition there should be a duplicate of the file in the directory
    in which the codes are located. You must open the duplicate copy as well. You can
    name the copy of the file as “received_file.pdf”. You also need to show the log files.
    1) Printing messages to the terminal and the log files are highly important as the
    evaluator will mark you according to the outputs. So, if no output is printed, the
    evaluator will assume that the file request was unsuccessful. Even if you implement
    the request process correctly but there is no output, you will get 10% of the mark for
    this part.
    2) Please check marking criteria in section 7 for more detailed discussion on how we
    will require you to do the demo.
    Important note: In the above illustration, we have assumed that the requesting peer does not
    have the file that it is requesting. For this assignment, you can safely assume that this is the
    case. You can always assume that we will give you a requesting peer and filename combination
    such that the requesting peer and the responding peer are different.
    Step 4: Peer departure
    In this step, one of the peers depart from the network in a graceful manner, which in this
    assignment means the peer informs its predecessors before it departs from the networks. In
    order to realise graceful departure, we ask each peer should monitor the standard input for the
    input string “quit” (The other string that each peer should monitor is request followed by a
    valid filename, as in Step 3).
    For demo, consider that peer 10 departs from the network gracefully. Type the string quit
    (followed by carriage return) in the xterm for peer 10 to inform peer 10 to begin the departure
    operation. Peer 10 should send a departure message to peers 5 and 8 to inform them that it
    wants to depart from the network (Note that peer 10 learns that its predecessors are peers 5 and
  25. from the ping request messages). Peer 10 will also inform peers 5 and 8 in the departure
    message that its successors are peers 12 and 15. We require that the departure messages are to
    be sent over TCP. You can assume that a peer whose identity is i will listen to the TCP port
    • i for these messages. After peer 10 has sent the departure message to peers 5 and 8, it
      should make sure that peers 5 and 8 have received the message before terminating the cdht
      After peer 8 has received the departure message from peer 10, it should output the line to the
      Peer 10 will depart from the network.
      Since peer 10 is to depart, peer 8 will then make peer 12 its first successor and peer 15 its
      second successor. Note that peer 8 deduce the identities of its new successors from the
      departure message from peer 10. Peer 8 will output the lines:
      My first successor is now peer 12.
      My second successor is now peer 15.
      The above describes what peer 8 should do. In a similar way, peer 5 should output these lines
      to the terminal:
      Peer 10 will depart from the network.
      My first successor is now peer 8.
      My second successor is now peer 12.
      Note that for correct implementation, after peers 5 and 8 have updated their successors, they
      should start pinging their new successors. Ping messages will be used to confirm this.
      NOTE: Printing messages to the terminal is highly important as the evaluator will mark
      you according to the outputs. So, if no output is printed, the evaluator will assume that
      the file request was unsuccessful. Even if you implement the departure process
      correctly but there is no output, you will get 10% of the final mark for this part.
      Step 5: Kill a peer
      In this step, you need to select one of the xterms and kill it (by pressing Ctrl + C in the xterm).
      This is to mimic the event of a peer leaving the network ungracefully. Kill the terminal in which
      peer 5 is running. After some time (depending on how often ping messages are sent), peers 3
      and 4 should find out that peer 5 is no longer there. Peer 4 should output the line to the terminal:
      Peer 5 is no longer alive.
      We will come back to explain how you can determine whether a peer is alive shortly. Since
      peer 5 is no longer alive, peer 4 will then make peer 8 its first successor. It will output the line:
      My first successor is now peer 8.
      Peer 4 will then send a message to peer 8 to find out the identity of the first successor of peer
  26. We require this message to be sent over TCP. You can assume that a peer whose identity is
    i will listen to the TCP port 50000+i for these messages. Peer 8 should reply to peer 4’s query
    and let peer 4 knows that its successor is peer 12 (Note that peer 10 has departed from the
    network gracefully earlier). After peer 4 receives this message, it should output the line:
    My second successor is now peer 12.
    The above describes what peer 3 should do. In a similar way, peer 3 should output these lines
    to the terminal:
    Peer 5 is no longer alive.
    My first successor is now peer 4.
    My second successor is now peer 8.
    Note that for correct implementation, after peers 3 and 4 have updated their successors, they
    should start pinging their new successors. The ping messages would be evaluated for this aim.
    Let us now return to explain how a peer can know whether its successors are alive. You can
    determine this by using ping messages and it is important that you include a sequence number
    field in the ping messages. Let us assume that you have decided to have the peers ping each
    other every t seconds. Let us consider what happens when peer 4 pings peer 5. Peer 4 will send
    peer 5 a ping request message every t seconds. The first ping request message will have
    sequence number 0, the next one has sequence number 1, the one after will have a sequence
    number 2 and so on. When peer 5 receives a ping request message from peer 4 with sequence
    number n, it will formulate a ping response message and includes the same sequence number
    n in the ping response message. In this way, peer 4 knows that peer 5 has received the ping
    request message with sequence number n. Of course, a peer can only respond to a ping request
    message if it is still alive. Let us assume that peer 4 sends 16 messages to peer 5 with sequence
    numbers 0 to 15. Peer 5 sends ping responses for the first 12 ping request messages (with
    sequence numbers 0-11) but after that peer 5 fails to respond because it has been killed. From
    peer 4’s perspective, it knows that peer 5 has not given any replies to the last four consecutive
    messages (with sequence numbers 12-15), it may use this property that peer 5 has not
    responded to the last 4 messages to claim that peer 5 is no longer alive. Note that this example
    has assumed that a peer will declare that a successor is not alive if 4 consecutive ping messages
    are not replied, you will need to experiment to find out what a good number is. You should be
    aware that UDP does not provide guaranteed delivery, therefore there is a chance that UDP
    messages may be lost. Therefore, it is not a good idea to declare a peer is not alive if one ping
    request message is not responded because the message could have been lost in transit. Note
    that there are three parameters that you will need to decide. The first parameter is the number
    of consecutive ping request messages that a peer fails to respond to before that node is declared
    to be no longer alive. The second parameter is the frequency of the ping messages. The third
    parameter, which is generally called timeout in computer networking literature, is the time that
    a peer needs to wait before declaring that a particular ping response has not been received.
    Please don’t make the evaluator wait for more than 3 minutes for your program to detect a node
    has been killed.
  27. Mandatory Screencast Demo
    The screencast demo must go through steps 2-5 outlined in section 4.1 (inclusive). You may
    describe your program during demo or just run the steps mentioned above. Demo is limited to
  28. minutes and longer demos are subjected to 50% penalty of the final mark (see Section 7).
    You must show your code during the screencast and you must log in to your CSE account while
    doing demo. We will test your program using CSE machines, thus, please make sure you run
    and demo your code on CSE machines. Failure to do this may result in failure of running your
    code on CSE machines and thus loosing significant part of mark. The evaluator will compare
    the results shown in your demo with the results he/she gets from running your code on CSE
    Please upload your screencast on YouTube as unlisted video before the submitting and
    include the YouTube link in your report.
    Check the marking guide in section 7. Make sure that you show and do all the steps as outlined
    in this marking guide. We will mark you according to the marking guide and if you fail to do
    any of the criteria, then you will lose mark for that (e.g., failure in showing that you used TCP
    or UDP for messages).
    You can use the following command in CSE machines to record the screen:
    avconv -f x11grab -r 10 -s 1920x1080 -i :0.0 -vcodec libx264 -threads 4 /tmp/screencap.avi
    Important note
    The screencast is mandatory and is considered as demo for assignment 1. Without demo, you
    will get maximum 10% of the final mark of the assignment with no exception.
  29. Additional Notes
    This is not a group assignment. You are expected to work on this individually.
    How to Start: Sample client and server programs you have done for Labs 2 and 3 can
    prepare you for this assignment. Also, you can use sample client-server programs in
    Language and Platform: You are free to use either C, Python, or JAVA to implement
    this assignment. Please choose a language that you are comfortable with.
    The programs will be tested on CSE Linux machines. So please make sure that your
    entire application runs correctly on these machines (i.e., your lab computers). This is
    especially important if you plan to develop and test the programs on your personal
    computers (which may possibly use a different OS or version).
    You are free to design your own format and data structure for the messages. Just make
    sure your program handles these messages appropriately.
    You are encouraged to use assignment forum to ask questions and to discuss different
    approaches to solve the problem. However, you should not post your solution nor any
    code fragment on the forum.
    You must submit a maximum 3 pages report (named report.pdf) with your codes. In
    report, describe the steps you take to implement the program, design choices including
    the interval between pings and the number of lost packets before assuming a peer is
    killed, and the message formats you used. If you have borrowed code, please indicate
    that here with the source reference. If you are using python, include the version of
    python you are using in your report. Make sure you include the link to your demo.
  30. Marking Policy
    You should test your program rigorously before submitting your code. Note that you must
    submit a demo of your work otherwise you will lose 90% of the final mark. Your code will be
    marked using the following criteria:
    7.1. Ping successors (2 marks)
    7.1.1. Correct compilation of all the files: Compile your files during the Demo. For
    languages that don’t need compiling files, simply run your code (part 1.3 below)
    and you will get the mark for this part (0.25 mark).
    7.1.2. Using UDP for ping messages: You must show the part of your code that proves
    that you used UDP for ping (0.25 mark).
    7.1.3. Correct receiving of ping requests: Run all peers. Ping receive message must
    be shown in all peers with the correct ids (0.75 mark).
    7.1.4. Correct receiving of ping response: Ping response message must be shown in
    all peers with the correct ids (0.75 mark).
    7.2. Requesting a file (7.5 marks)
    7.2.1. Initializing and sending the file request to the successor: The requesting peer
    must initialize a packet and send it to its successor once “request x” is typed to
    its terminal (where x is the filename) (1.5 marks).
    7.2.2. Forwarding the request to the correct node that has the requested file: The
    intermediate peers must show the proper message that they received and
    forwarded the request as per discussion in section 4.1. (1.5 marks).
    7.2.3. Sending the response directly to the requester using TCP: The requester must
    print that it sends the response to the requesting peer. No other node should
    receive this message (and print anything). Show in your code that you use
    direct messaging using TCP for this part (0.75 marks).
    7.2.4. File at the requesting peer is identical with the file sent by the responder peer
    7.2.5. Stop-and-wait behavior (alternate send and receive), correct MSS (1.5 mark)
    7.2.6. Drop probability is correct (according to the drop_rate supplied as input) (0.75)
    7.2.7. Segments are transmitted after timeout (0.75)
    7.3. Peer departure (4.5 marks)
    7.3.1. Sending the departure message to the predecessors: Upon typing “quit”
    request to terminal, the predecessors must appropriate message indicting that
    peer 10 left the network (1.75 marks).
    7.3.2. Using TCP for sending departure message: Show this in your code (1 marks).
    7.3.3. Choosing correct successors after departing node 10 by its predecessors:
    Printed ping messages will be used to evaluate this part (1.75 marks).
    7.4. Kill a peer (4 marks)
    7.4.1. Correct detection of the node that left the network in reasonable time (no more
    than 3 minutes): Appropriate message must be printed on the peers (1.25
    7.4.2. Identifying the new successors by the predecessors of the node who has left:
    Appropriate message must be printed (1.75 marks).
    7.4.3. Correct ping of the new successors: Appropriate ping message must be printed
    (1 marks).
    Total mark with default configuration (i.e., the configuration discussed in Section 4.1 and
    shown in Figure 1): 18 marks
    The tutor will run all the steps above (7.1 -7.4) with a different DHT configuration setup. The
    same marking policy applies. The final mark for the implementation part of your assignment
    would be:
    Final implementation mark = 0.6(mark of default configuration) + 0.4 (mark of a
    different configuration)
    Recall that you must also write a maximum 3 pages report. The report worth 2 marks of your
    final assignment mark. Thus, the total mark for assignment is as follows:
    Assignment mark = report + final implementation mark
    Where report is out of 2 and implementation mark is out of 18.
    If your demo is more than 5 minutes, your final mark will be penalized by 50%.
    If your program does not print appropriate outputs, you will get 10% of the mark for
    that particular part (see above).
    If demo is not included in the report or is modified after submitting the assignment, you
    will be penalized by 90% of the final mark.
    If we cannot run your code on CSE machines, zero mark will be awarded for your
  31. Assignment Submission
    Please ensure that you use the mandated file name. You may of course have additional header
    files and/or helper files. If you are using C, then you MUST submit a makefile/script along with
    your code (not necessary with Java). In addition, you should submit a small report, named
    report.pdf (no more than 3 pages) describing the program design, a brief description of how
    your system works and your message design. If you use python you must indicate the python
    version in your report. Also discuss any design tradeoffs considered and made. Describe
    possible improvements and extensions to your program and indicate how you could realise
    them. If your program does not work under any particular circumstances please report this here.
    Also indicate any segments of code that you have borrowed from the Web or other books.
    You are required to submit your source code and report.pdf. You can submit your assignment
    using the give command in an xterm from any CSE machine. Make sure you are in the same
    directory as your code and report, then do the following:
  32. Type tar -cvf assign.tar filenames (e.g. tar -cvf assign.tar *.java report.pdf)
  33. When you are ready to submit, at the bash prompt type 3331
  34. Next, type: give cs3331 assign assign.tar (You should receive a message
    stating the result of your submission).
    Important notes
    ? The system will only accept “assign.tar” submission name. All other names will be
    ? Ensure that your program/s are tested in CSE Unix machine before submission. In the
    past, there were cases where students had problems in compiling and running their
    program during the actual demo. To avoid any disruption, please ensure that you test
    your program in CSE Unix-based machine before submitting the assignment.
    ? The evaluation is based on the files that you have submitted.
    You can submit as many time before the deadline. A later submission will override the earlier
    submission, so make sure you submit the correct file. Do not leave until the last moment to
    submit, as there may be technical or communications error and you will not have time to rectify
    Late Submission Penalty: Late penalty will be applied as follows:
    1 day after deadline: 10% reduction
    2 days after deadline: 20% reduction
    3 days after deadline: 30% reduction
    4 days after deadline: 40% reduction
    5 days after deadline: 50% reduction
    6 days after deadline: 60% reduction
    7 days after deadline: 70% reduction
    more than 7 days late: NOT accepted
    NOTE: The above penalty is applied to your final total. For example, if you submit your
    assignment 1 day late (10% penalty) and you score 18, then your adjusted final mark, after
    penalty, will be 18x0.9= 16.2.
  35. Plagiarism
    You are to write all of the code for this assignment yourself. All source codes are subject to
    strict checks for plagiarism, via highly sophisticated plagiarism detection software. These
    checks may include comparison with available code from the Internet and assignments from
    previous semesters. In addition, each submission will be checked against all other submissions
    of the current semester. Do not post this assignment on forums where you can pay programmers
    to write code for you. We will be monitoring such forums. Please note that we take this matter
    quite seriously. The LIC will decide on appropriate penalty for detected cases of plagiarism.
    The most likely penalty would be to reduce the assignment mark to ZERO. We are aware that
    a lot of learning takes place in student conversations, and don’t wish to discourage those.
    However, it is important, for both those helping others and those being helped, not to
    provide/accept any programming language code in writing, as this is apt to be used exactly as
    is, and lead to plagiarism penalties for both the supplier and the copier of the codes. Write
    something on a piece of paper, by all means, but tear it up/take it away when the discussion is
    over. It is OK to borrow bits and pieces of code from sample socket code out on the Web and
    in books. You MUST however acknowledge the source of any borrowed code. This means
    providing a reference to a book or a URL when the code appears (as comments). Also indicate
    in your report the portions of your code that were borrowed. Explain any modifications you
    have made (if any) to the borrowed code.