2021-10-11 一起来学习Nginx吧!

官方介绍:
“Nginx是一款轻量级的HTTP服务器,采用事件驱动的异步非阻塞处理方式框架,这让其具有极好的IO性能,时常用于服务端的反向代理和负载均衡。”

Nginx的优点

  1. 支持海量高并发:采用IO多路复用epoll。官方测试Nginx能够支持5万并发链接,实际生产环境中可以支撑2-4万并发连接数。
  2. 内存消耗少:在主流的服务器中Nginx目前是内存消耗最小的了,比如我们用Nginx+PHP,在3万并发链接下,开启10个Nginx进程消耗150M内存。
  3. 免费使用可以商业化:Nginx为开源软件,采用的是2-clause BSD-like协议,可以免费使用,并且可以用于商业。
  4. 配置文件简单:网络和程序配置通俗易懂,即使非专业运维也能看懂。

现在Nginx非常火 :我们可以通过https://w3techs.com/ 这个网站看到,Nginx在服务器中排在第二位,但是是上升最快的网站,占有率达到39.7%。
配置文件


#user  nobody;
worker_processes  4;

#error_log  logs/error.log;
#error_log  logs/error.log  notice;
#error_log  logs/error.log  info;

#pid        logs/nginx.pid;


events {
     
    worker_connections  1024;
}


http {
     
    include       mime.types;
    default_type  application/octet-stream;

    #log_format  main  '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
    #                  '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
    #                  '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';

    #access_log  logs/access.log  main;

    sendfile        on;
    #tcp_nopush     on;

    #keepalive_timeout  0;
    keepalive_timeout  65;

    #gzip  on;

    server {
     
        listen       81;
        server_name  localhost;

        #charset koi8-r;

        #access_log  logs/host.access.log  main;

        location / {
     
            root   D:\project2\data-center-ui\dist;
            index  index.html index.htm;
        }

        location  ^~ /backend/ {
     
           proxy_pass  http://192.168.1.2:8082/admin/; #后端系统连接地址,即前面步骤配置的应用访问地址,如果在weblogic中为应用配置了应用上下文,则在这里也要加上
           proxy_set_header Host $http_host;
		   proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
		   proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
        }

        #error_page  404              /404.html;

        # redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html
        #
        error_page   500 502 503 504  /50x.html;
        location = /50x.html {
     
            root   html;
        }

        # proxy the PHP scripts to Apache listening on 127.0.0.1:80
        #
        #location ~ \.php$ {
     
        #    proxy_pass   http://127.0.0.1;
        #}

        # pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000
        #
        #location ~ \.php$ {
     
        #    root           html;
        #    fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;
        #    fastcgi_index  index.php;
        #    fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  /scripts$fastcgi_script_name;
        #    include        fastcgi_params;
        #}

        # deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache's document root
        # concurs with nginx's one
        #
        #location ~ /\.ht {
     
        #    deny  all;
        #}
    }


    # another virtual host using mix of IP-, name-, and port-based configuration
    #
    #server {
     
    #    listen       8000;
    #    listen       somename:8080;
    #    server_name  somename  alias  another.alias;

    #    location / {
     
    #        root   html;
    #        index  index.html index.htm;
    #    }
    #}


    # HTTPS server
    #
    #server {
     
    #    listen       443 ssl;
    #    server_name  localhost;

    #    ssl_certificate      cert.pem;
    #    ssl_certificate_key  cert.key;

    #    ssl_session_cache    shared:SSL:1m;
    #    ssl_session_timeout  5m;

    #    ssl_ciphers  HIGH:!aNULL:!MD5;
    #    ssl_prefer_server_ciphers  on;

    #    location / {
     
    #        root   html;
    #        index  index.html index.htm;
    #    }
    #}

}

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