as微信界面设计

一、内容

实操实现APP门户界面框架设计,至少包含4个tab页,能实现tab页之间的点击切换

二、技术

使用布局(layouts)和分段(fragment),对控件进行点击监听

 三、xml代码

top.xml




    

  界面居中上方写标题,背景是黑色,字体是白色

as微信界面设计_第1张图片

 bottom.xml




    

        

        

    

    

        

        

    

    

        

        

    

    

        

        

    
界面下方分成四个模板,由图片和文字组成,正在使用的界面图标为绿色,不在使用的界面图标为黑色

 as微信界面设计_第2张图片

 fragment_config.xml/fragment_wechat/fragment_friend/fragment_contact

 




    
    

 显示界面中间内容

 as微信界面设计_第3张图片as微信界面设计_第4张图片

 as微信界面设计_第5张图片as微信界面设计_第6张图片

activity_main.xml 




    


    

    

    

 将top.xml和bottom.xml放在一个界面中

 as微信界面设计_第7张图片

四、Java代码 

 MainActivity.java

package com.example.cyxapp;

import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity;

import android.app.Fragment;
import android.app.FragmentManager;
import android.app.FragmentTransaction;
import android.graphics.Color;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.LinearLayout;

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements View.OnClickListener{


    private Fragment Fragment_config=new Fragment_config();
    private Fragment Fragment_contact=new Fragment_contact();
    private Fragment Fragment_wechat=new Fragment_wechat();
    private Fragment Fragment_friend=new Fragment_friend();
    private FragmentManager fragmentManager;
    private LinearLayout linearLayout1,linearLayout2,linearLayout3,linearLayout4;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

        linearLayout1=findViewById(R.id.linearLayout1);
        linearLayout2=findViewById(R.id.linearLayout2);
        linearLayout3=findViewById(R.id.linearLayout3);
        linearLayout4=findViewById(R.id.linearLayout4);

        linearLayout1.setOnClickListener(this);
        linearLayout2.setOnClickListener(this);
        linearLayout3.setOnClickListener(this);
        linearLayout4.setOnClickListener(this);

        initFragment();
    }

    private void initFragment(){
        fragmentManager=getFragmentManager();
        FragmentTransaction transaction=fragmentManager.beginTransaction();
        transaction.add(R.id.id_content,Fragment_wechat);
        transaction.add(R.id.id_content,Fragment_contact);
        transaction.add(R.id.id_content,Fragment_config);
        transaction.add(R.id.id_content,Fragment_friend);
        transaction.commit();
    }


    private void hideFragment(FragmentTransaction transaction){
        transaction.hide(Fragment_wechat);
        transaction.hide(Fragment_contact);
        transaction.hide(Fragment_config);
        transaction.hide(Fragment_friend);
    }
    private void background(View v) {
        switch (v.getId()) {
            case R.id.linearLayout1:
                linearLayout1.setBackgroundColor(Color.parseColor("#426F42"));
                break;
            case R.id.linearLayout2:
                linearLayout2.setBackgroundColor(Color.parseColor("#426F42"));
                break;
            case R.id.linearLayout3:
                linearLayout3.setBackgroundColor(Color.parseColor("#426F42"));
                break;
            case R.id.linearLayout4:
                linearLayout4.setBackgroundColor(Color.parseColor("#426F42"));
                break;
            default:
                break;
        }
    }

    private void backgroundreturn(View v) {
        switch (v.getId()) {
            case R.id.linearLayout1:
                linearLayout1.setBackgroundColor(Color.parseColor("#000000"));
                break;
            case R.id.linearLayout2:
                linearLayout2.setBackgroundColor(Color.parseColor("#000000"));
                break;
            case R.id.linearLayout3:
                linearLayout3.setBackgroundColor(Color.parseColor("#000000"));
                break;
            case R.id.linearLayout4:
                linearLayout4.setBackgroundColor(Color.parseColor("#000000"));
                break;
            default:
                break;
        }
    }

    private void showfragmnet(int i) {

        FragmentTransaction transaction=fragmentManager.beginTransaction();
        hideFragment(transaction);
        switch (i){
            case 0:
                transaction.show(Fragment_wechat);
                background(linearLayout1);
                backgroundreturn(linearLayout3);
                backgroundreturn(linearLayout2);
                backgroundreturn(linearLayout4);
                break;
            case 1:
                transaction.show(Fragment_friend);
                background(linearLayout2);
                backgroundreturn(linearLayout4);
                backgroundreturn(linearLayout1);
                backgroundreturn(linearLayout3);
                break;
            case 2:
                transaction.show(Fragment_contact);
                background(linearLayout3);
                backgroundreturn(linearLayout4);
                backgroundreturn(linearLayout2);
                backgroundreturn(linearLayout1);
                break;
            case 3:
                transaction.show(Fragment_config);
                background(linearLayout4);
                backgroundreturn(linearLayout1);
                backgroundreturn(linearLayout2);
                backgroundreturn(linearLayout3);
                break;
            default:
                break;
        }
        transaction.commit();
    }

    @Override
    public void onClick(View v) {
        switch (v.getId()){
            case R.id.linearLayout1:
                showfragmnet(0);
                break;
            case R.id.linearLayout2:
                showfragmnet(1);
                break;
            case R.id.linearLayout3:
                showfragmnet(2);
                break;
            case R.id.linearLayout4:
                showfragmnet(3);
                break;
            default:
                break;
        }
    }



}

 initFragment函数中利用transaction来实现fragment的切换

hideFragment把没有使用的界面的fragment的内容隐藏起来

background使图标点击后变绿色

backgroundreturn让图标恢复黑色

showfragmnet显示正在使用界面的fragment的内容

 onClick监听函数,监听到底是哪一个图标被击中从而显示哪一个界面的内容

 Fragment_config.java

package com.example.cyxapp;

import android.app.Fragment;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.LayoutInflater;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewGroup;


public class Fragment_config extends Fragment {

    public Fragment_config() {
        // Required empty public constructor
    }

    @Override
    public View onCreateView(LayoutInflater inflater, ViewGroup container,
                             Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        // Inflate the layout for this fragment
        return inflater.inflate(R.layout.fragment_config, container, false);
    }
}
Fragment_contact、Fragment_friend、Fragment_wechat类似

五、界面展示

 as微信界面设计_第8张图片as微信界面设计_第9张图片

 

 代码仓库地址:cccyuxuan/cyxApp1 (github.com)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

你可能感兴趣的