Java之Rsync并发迁移数据并校验详解

java调用Rsync并发迁移数据并执行校验

java代码如下

RsyncFile.java

import lombok.NoArgsConstructor;
import lombok.SneakyThrows;

import java.io.*;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Date;
import java.util.concurrent.*;

/**
 * @ClassName RsyncFile
 * @Descriptiom TODO rsync多线程同步迁移数据
 * @Author KING
 * @Date 2019/11/25 09:17
 * @Version 1.2.2
 * rsync -vzrtopg --progress --delete   //镜像同步
 **/
@NoArgsConstructor
public class RsyncFile implements  Runnable{
    private static final int availProcessors = Runtime.getRuntime().availableProcessors();
    //构造以cpu核心数为核心池,cpu线程数为最大池,超时时间为1s,线程队列为大小为无界的安全阻塞线程队列,拒绝策略为DiscardOldestPolicy()的线程池。(同步数据当然不能丢下拒绝任务)
    private ExecutorService ThreadPool = new ThreadPoolExecutor(availProcessors >> 1,
            availProcessors,
            1L,
            TimeUnit.SECONDS,
            new LinkedBlockingQueue<>(),Executors.defaultThreadFactory(),
            new ThreadPoolExecutor.DiscardOldestPolicy());

    //保存扫描得到的文件列表
    private static ArrayList fileNameList = new ArrayList();
    private String shellname;
    private String filename;
    private String userip;
    private CountDownLatch countDownLatch;
    private static int deep = 0;

    public RsyncFile(String ShellName, String filename, String UserIP, CountDownLatch countDownLatch) {
        this.shellname = ShellName;
        this.filename = filename;
        this.userip = UserIP;
        this.countDownLatch = countDownLatch;
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        try {
            new RsyncFile().Do(args[0],args[1],Integer.parseInt(args[2]));
        }catch (ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException e){
            System.out.println(e);
            System.out.println("Error , args send fault");
            System.out.println("please send localAddress remote username @ remote IP or hostname and catalogue");
            System.out.println("like this [  /home/test/  root@node1:/test/   1 ]");
        }catch(NumberFormatException e1){
            System.out.println(e1);
            System.out.println("please input Right Directory depth, this number must be int");
            System.out.println("like this [  /home/test/  root@node1:/test/   1 ]");
        }
    }

    @SneakyThrows
    private void Do(String content,String UserIP,int setdeep){
        System.out.println("开始执行");
        System.out.println("开始时间:" + new Date());
        Long a = System.nanoTime();
        File file = new File(content);
        System.out.println("开始扫描本地指定目录");
        GetAllFile(file,setdeep);//按深度扫描非空文件夹和文件
        System.out.println("扫描本地目录完成");

        //给脚本赋予权限
        String [] cmd={"/bin/sh","-c","chmod 755 ./do*"};
        Runtime.getRuntime().exec(cmd);
        //创建远端目录操作
        System.out.println("开始创建远端目录结构");
        //一次计数锁用于保证目录创建完成
        CountDownLatch doDirLock = new CountDownLatch(1);
        ThreadPool.execute(new RsyncFile("./doDirc.sh",content,UserIP,doDirLock));
        doDirLock.await();
        System.out.println("创建远端目录结构完成");

        //开始同步工作
        System.out.println("开始执行同步工作");
        System.out.println("同步的文件夹或文件总数: " + fileNameList.size());
        System.out.println("正在同步。。。。。");
        //fileNameList.size()次计数锁用于保证数据同步完成(保证计时准确)
        CountDownLatch rsyncLock = new CountDownLatch(fileNameList.size());
        System.out.println(fileNameList.size());
        for (String fileName:fileNameList) {
            //除去文件名中与UserIP重复的文件路径
            String RemoteDir = UserIP.concat(fileName.replace(content, ""));
            System.out.println("要同步的本地目录或文件: " + fileName);
            System.out.println("要同步的远端目录或文件: " + RemoteDir);
            ThreadPool.execute(new RsyncFile("./doRync.sh",fileName, RemoteDir,rsyncLock));
        }
        rsyncLock.await();
        System.out.println("执行同步工作完成");

        //开始文件校验工作
        System.out.println("执行文件校验及重传");
        //一次计数锁用于保证校验完成
        CountDownLatch chechSumLock = new CountDownLatch(1);
        ThreadPool.execute(new RsyncFile("./doChecksum.sh",content,UserIP,chechSumLock));
        chechSumLock.await();
        System.out.println("文件校验及重传完成");
        ThreadPool.shutdown();

        Long b = System.nanoTime();
        Long aLong = (b - a)/1000000L;
        System.out.println("处理时间" + aLong + "ms");
        System.out.println("结束时间:" + new Date());

    }

    /**
     * 执行rsync脚本的线程方法,使用PrintWriter来与linux Terminal交互
     */
    @Override
    public void run() {
        try {
            String command=shellname.concat(" ").concat(filename).concat(" ").concat(userip);
            File wd = new File("/bin");
            Process process = null;
            process = Runtime.getRuntime().exec("/bin/bash", null, wd);
            if (process != null) {
                InputStream is = process.getInputStream();
                BufferedReader reader = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(is));
                PrintWriter out = new PrintWriter(new BufferedWriter(new OutputStreamWriter(process.getOutputStream())),
                        true);
                //切换到当前class文件所在目录
                out.println("cd " + System.getProperty("user.dir"));
                out.println(command);
                out.println("exit");
                StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
                String line;
                while ((line = reader.readLine()) != null) {
                    sb.append(line + System.lineSeparator());
                }
                process.waitFor();
                reader.close();
                out.close();
                process.destroy();
                System.out.println("result:" + sb.toString());
            }else {
                System.out.println("找不到系统bash工具,请检查系统是否异常,并为系统创建/bin/sh的bash工具软连接");
            }
        } catch (Exception e) {
            System.err.println(e.getMessage());
        }finally {
            //倒记数锁释放一次
            countDownLatch.countDown();
        }
    }


    /**遍历指定的目录并能指定深度
     * @param file 指定要遍历的目录
     * @param setDeep 设定遍历深度
     */
    @SneakyThrows
    private static void  GetAllFile(File file, int setDeep) {
        if(file != null){
            if(file.isDirectory() && deep 
 

doDir.sh

rsync -av --include='*/' --exclude='*' $1 $2 |tee -a /tmp/rsync.log 2>&1
echo "创建目录结构操作"

doRsync.sh

rsync -avzi --stats --progress $1 $2 |tee -a /tmp/rsync.log 2>&1

doChecksum.sh

rsync -acvzi --stats --progress $1 $2 |tee -a /tmp/checksum.log 2>&1

附录

rsync输出日志说明如下

YXcstpoguax  path/to/file
|||||||||||
||||||||||╰- x: The extended attribute information changed
|||||||||╰-- a: The ACL information changed
||||||||╰--- u: The u slot is reserved for future use
|||||||╰---- g: Group is different
||||||╰----- o: Owner is different
|||||╰------ p: Permission are different
||||╰------- t: Modification time is different
|||╰-------- s: Size is different
||╰--------- c: Different checksum (for regular files), or
||              changed value (for symlinks, devices, and special files)
|╰---------- the file type:
|            f: for a file,
|            d: for a directory,
|            L: for a symlink,
|            D: for a device,
|            S: for a special file (e.g. named sockets and fifos)
╰----------- the type of update being done::
             <: file is being transferred to the remote host (sent)
             >: file is being transferred to the local host (received)
             c: local change/creation for the item, such as:
                - the creation of a directory
                - the changing of a symlink,
                - etc.
             h: the item is a hard link to another item (requires 
                --hard-links).
             .: the item is not being updated (though it might have
                attributes that are being modified)
             *: means that the rest of the itemized-output area contains
                a message (e.g. "deleting")

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