# OpenCV简单标准数字识别的完整实例

https://stackoverflow.com/questions/9413216/simple-digit-recognition-ocr-in-opencv-python#

```import sys
import numpy as np
import cv2

im3 = im.copy()

gray = cv2.cvtColor(im,cv2.COLOR_BGR2GRAY)   #先转换为灰度图才能够使用图像阈值化

##################      Now finding Contours         ###################
#
image,contours,hierarchy = cv2.findContours(thresh,cv2.RETR_LIST,cv2.CHAIN_APPROX_SIMPLE)
#边缘查找，找到数字框，但存在误判

samples =  np.empty((0,900))    #将每一个识别到的数字所有像素点作为特征，储存到一个30*30的矩阵内
responses = []                  #label
keys = [i for i in range(48,58)]    #48-58为ASCII码
count =0
for cnt in contours:
if cv2.contourArea(cnt)>80:     #使用边缘面积过滤较小边缘框
[x,y,w,h] = cv2.boundingRect(cnt)
if  h>25 and h < 30:        #使用高过滤小框和大框
count+=1
cv2.rectangle(im,(x,y),(x+w,y+h),(0,0,255),2)
roi = thresh[y:y+h,x:x+w]
roismall = cv2.resize(roi,(30,30))
cv2.imshow('norm',im)
key = cv2.waitKey(0)
if key == 27:  # (escape to quit)
sys.exit()
elif key in keys:
responses.append(int(chr(key)))
sample = roismall.reshape((1,900))
samples = np.append(samples,sample,0)
if count == 100:        #过滤一下过多边缘框，后期可能会尝试极大抑制
break
responses = np.array(responses,np.float32)
responses = responses.reshape((responses.size,1))
print ("training complete")

np.savetxt('generalsamples.data',samples)
np.savetxt('generalresponses.data',responses)
#
cv2.waitKey()
cv2.destroyAllWindows()```

```
import sys
import cv2
import numpy as np
#######   training part    ###############
responses = responses.reshape((responses.size,1))

model = cv2.ml.KNearest_create()
model.train(samples,cv2.ml.ROW_SAMPLE,responses)

def getNum(path):
out = np.zeros(im.shape,np.uint8)
gray = cv2.cvtColor(im,cv2.COLOR_BGR2GRAY)

#预处理一下
for i in range(gray.__len__()):
for j in range(gray[0].__len__()):
if gray[i][j] == 0:
gray[i][j] == 255
else:
gray[i][j] == 0

image,contours,hierarchy = cv2.findContours(thresh,cv2.RETR_LIST,cv2.CHAIN_APPROX_SIMPLE)
count = 0
numbers = []
for cnt in contours:
if cv2.contourArea(cnt)>80:
[x,y,w,h] = cv2.boundingRect(cnt)
if  h>25:
cv2.rectangle(im,(x,y),(x+w,y+h),(0,255,0),2)
roi = thresh[y:y+h,x:x+w]
roismall = cv2.resize(roi,(30,30))
roismall = roismall.reshape((1,900))
roismall = np.float32(roismall)
retval, results, neigh_resp, dists = model.findNearest(roismall, k = 1)
string = str(int((results[0][0])))
numbers.append(int((results[0][0])))
cv2.putText(out,string,(x,y+h),0,1,(0,255,0))
count += 1
if count == 10:
break
return numbers

numbers = getNum('1.png')```