UI绘制流程之Draw绘制流程

前言

从前面的几篇文章,我门能够的到知道ui的测量和布局,那么这次,我们首先来关注下我门的ui是怎么具体画出来的。那么在这里我们首先需要了解的是具体绘制的流程以及,paint和Canvas在这中间所扮演的角色

绘制流程

在之前的课程里我们都提到了在performTraversals当中一次调用了performMeasure,performLayout,performDraw那么前两者我们现在不关注, 现在主要关注draw正在具体干嘛,那么我们看到ViewRootImpl. performDraw方法看下他是如何完成具体绘制的在performTraversals中是这样

     // Remember if we must report the next draw.
    if ((relayoutResult & WindowManagerGlobal.RELAYOUT_RES_FIRST_TIME) != 0) {
        reportNextDraw();
    }

    boolean cancelDraw = mAttachInfo.mTreeObserver.dispatchOnPreDraw() || !isViewVisible;

    if (!cancelDraw && !newSurface) {
        if (mPendingTransitions != null && mPendingTransitions.size() > 0) {
            for (int i = 0; i < mPendingTransitions.size(); ++i) {
                mPendingTransitions.get(i).startChangingAnimations();
            }
            mPendingTransitions.clear();
        }

        performDraw();
    } else {
        if (isViewVisible) {
            // Try again
            scheduleTraversals();
        } else if (mPendingTransitions != null && mPendingTransitions.size() > 0) {
            for (int i = 0; i < mPendingTransitions.size(); ++i) {
                mPendingTransitions.get(i).endChangingAnimations();
            }
            mPendingTransitions.clear();
        }
    }

    mIsInTraversal = false;

在这里我们可以看到一个关键点就是在isViewVisible = true(也就是view为显示状态下,这里会在此发起一次scheduleTraversals,所以,这也是为什么我们的onMeasure会调用两次的原因)。接着进入performDraw我门具体来探寻他做了什么

    private void performDraw() {
    if (mAttachInfo.mDisplayState == Display.STATE_OFF && !mReportNextDraw) {
        return;
    } else if (mView == null) {
        return;
    }

    final boolean fullRedrawNeeded = mFullRedrawNeeded;
    mFullRedrawNeeded = false;

    mIsDrawing = true;
    Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_VIEW, "draw");
    try {
        draw(fullRedrawNeeded);
    } finally {
        mIsDrawing = false;
        Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_VIEW);
    }

    // For whatever reason we didn't create a HardwareRenderer, end any
    // hardware animations that are now dangling
    if (mAttachInfo.mPendingAnimatingRenderNodes != null) {
        final int count = mAttachInfo.mPendingAnimatingRenderNodes.size();
        for (int i = 0; i < count; i++) {
            mAttachInfo.mPendingAnimatingRenderNodes.get(i).endAllAnimators();
        }
        mAttachInfo.mPendingAnimatingRenderNodes.clear();
    }

    if (mReportNextDraw) {
        mReportNextDraw = false;

        // if we're using multi-thread renderer, wait for the window frame draws
        if (mWindowDrawCountDown != null) {
            try {
                mWindowDrawCountDown.await();
            } catch (InterruptedException e) {
                Log.e(mTag, "Window redraw count down interruped!");
            }
            mWindowDrawCountDown = null;
        }

        if (mAttachInfo.mThreadedRenderer != null) {
            mAttachInfo.mThreadedRenderer.fence();
            mAttachInfo.mThreadedRenderer.setStopped(mStopped);
        }

        if (LOCAL_LOGV) {
            Log.v(mTag, "FINISHED DRAWING: " + mWindowAttributes.getTitle());
        }

        if (mSurfaceHolder != null && mSurface.isValid()) {
            SurfaceCallbackHelper sch = new SurfaceCallbackHelper(this::postDrawFinished);
            SurfaceHolder.Callback callbacks[] = mSurfaceHolder.getCallbacks();

            sch.dispatchSurfaceRedrawNeededAsync(mSurfaceHolder, callbacks);
        } else {
            pendingDrawFinished();
        }
    }
}

这里会看到调用了draw方法而该参数由mFullRedrawNeeded成员变量获取,它的作用是判断是否需要重新绘制全部视图,如果是第一次绘制视图,那么显然应该绘制所以的视图,如果由于某些原因,导致了视图重绘,那么就没有必要绘制所有视图

   private void draw(boolean fullRedrawNeeded) {
    Surface surface = mSurface;
    if (!surface.isValid()) {
        return;
    }

    if (DEBUG_FPS) {
        trackFPS();
    }

    if (!sFirstDrawComplete) {
        synchronized (sFirstDrawHandlers) {
            sFirstDrawComplete = true;
            final int count = sFirstDrawHandlers.size();
            for (int i = 0; i< count; i++) {
                mHandler.post(sFirstDrawHandlers.get(i));
            }
        }
    }

    scrollToRectOrFocus(null, false);

    if (mAttachInfo.mViewScrollChanged) {
        mAttachInfo.mViewScrollChanged = false;
        mAttachInfo.mTreeObserver.dispatchOnScrollChanged();
    }

    boolean animating = mScroller != null && mScroller.computeScrollOffset();
    final int curScrollY;
    if (animating) {
        curScrollY = mScroller.getCurrY();
    } else {
        curScrollY = mScrollY;
    }
    if (mCurScrollY != curScrollY) {
        mCurScrollY = curScrollY;
        fullRedrawNeeded = true;
        if (mView instanceof RootViewSurfaceTaker) {
            ((RootViewSurfaceTaker) mView).onRootViewScrollYChanged(mCurScrollY);
        }
    }

    final float appScale = mAttachInfo.mApplicationScale;
    final boolean scalingRequired = mAttachInfo.mScalingRequired;

    int resizeAlpha = 0;
    //获取mDirty,该值表示需要重绘的区域,就是之前我们最先做的那个定位
    final Rect dirty = mDirty;
    if (mSurfaceHolder != null) {
        // The app owns the surface, we won't draw.
        dirty.setEmpty();
        if (animating && mScroller != null) {
            mScroller.abortAnimation();
        }
        return;
    }
    //如果fullRedrawNeeded为真,则把dirty区域置为整个屏幕,表示整个视图都需要绘制
    //第一次绘制流程,需要绘制所有视图
    if (fullRedrawNeeded) {
        mAttachInfo.mIgnoreDirtyState = true;
        dirty.set(0, 0, (int) (mWidth * appScale + 0.5f), (int) (mHeight * appScale + 0.5f));
    }

    if (DEBUG_ORIENTATION || DEBUG_DRAW) {
        Log.v(mTag, "Draw " + mView + "/"
                + mWindowAttributes.getTitle()
                + ": dirty={" + dirty.left + "," + dirty.top
                + "," + dirty.right + "," + dirty.bottom + "} surface="
                + surface + " surface.isValid()=" + surface.isValid() + ", appScale:" +
                appScale + ", width=" + mWidth + ", height=" + mHeight);
    }

    mAttachInfo.mTreeObserver.dispatchOnDraw();

    int xOffset = -mCanvasOffsetX;
    int yOffset = -mCanvasOffsetY + curScrollY;
    final WindowManager.LayoutParams params = mWindowAttributes;
    final Rect surfaceInsets = params != null ? params.surfaceInsets : null;
    if (surfaceInsets != null) {
        xOffset -= surfaceInsets.left;
        yOffset -= surfaceInsets.top;

        // Offset dirty rect for surface insets.
        dirty.offset(surfaceInsets.left, surfaceInsets.right);
    }

    boolean accessibilityFocusDirty = false;
    final Drawable drawable = mAttachInfo.mAccessibilityFocusDrawable;
    if (drawable != null) {
        final Rect bounds = mAttachInfo.mTmpInvalRect;
        final boolean hasFocus = getAccessibilityFocusedRect(bounds);
        if (!hasFocus) {
            bounds.setEmpty();
        }
        if (!bounds.equals(drawable.getBounds())) {
            accessibilityFocusDirty = true;
        }
    }

    mAttachInfo.mDrawingTime =
            mChoreographer.getFrameTimeNanos() / TimeUtils.NANOS_PER_MS;

    if (!dirty.isEmpty() || mIsAnimating || accessibilityFocusDirty) {
        if (mAttachInfo.mThreadedRenderer != null && mAttachInfo.mThreadedRenderer.isEnabled()) {
            // If accessibility focus moved, always invalidate the root.
            boolean invalidateRoot = accessibilityFocusDirty || mInvalidateRootRequested;
            mInvalidateRootRequested = false;

            // Draw with hardware renderer.
            mIsAnimating = false;

            if (mHardwareYOffset != yOffset || mHardwareXOffset != xOffset) {
                mHardwareYOffset = yOffset;
                mHardwareXOffset = xOffset;
                invalidateRoot = true;
            }

            if (invalidateRoot) {
                mAttachInfo.mThreadedRenderer.invalidateRoot();
            }

            dirty.setEmpty();

            // Stage the content drawn size now. It will be transferred to the renderer
            // shortly before the draw commands get send to the renderer.
            final boolean updated = updateContentDrawBounds();

            if (mReportNextDraw) {
                // report next draw overrides setStopped()
                // This value is re-sync'd to the value of mStopped
                // in the handling of mReportNextDraw post-draw.
                mAttachInfo.mThreadedRenderer.setStopped(false);
            }

            if (updated) {
                requestDrawWindow();
            }

            mAttachInfo.mThreadedRenderer.draw(mView, mAttachInfo, this);
        } else {
            // If we get here with a disabled & requested hardware renderer, something went
            // wrong (an invalidate posted right before we destroyed the hardware surface
            // for instance) so we should just bail out. Locking the surface with software
            // rendering at this point would lock it forever and prevent hardware renderer
            // from doing its job when it comes back.
            // Before we request a new frame we must however attempt to reinitiliaze the
            // hardware renderer if it's in requested state. This would happen after an
            // eglTerminate() for instance.
            if (mAttachInfo.mThreadedRenderer != null &&
                    !mAttachInfo.mThreadedRenderer.isEnabled() &&
                    mAttachInfo.mThreadedRenderer.isRequested()) {

                try {
                    mAttachInfo.mThreadedRenderer.initializeIfNeeded(
                            mWidth, mHeight, mAttachInfo, mSurface, surfaceInsets);
                } catch (OutOfResourcesException e) {
                    handleOutOfResourcesException(e);
                    return;
                }

                mFullRedrawNeeded = true;
                scheduleTraversals();
                return;
            }

            if (!drawSoftware(surface, mAttachInfo, xOffset, yOffset, scalingRequired, dirty)) {
                return;
            }
        }
    }

    if (animating) {
        mFullRedrawNeeded = true;
        scheduleTraversals();
    }
}

首先是先获取了mDirty值,这里保存了需要重绘的区域的信息,。接着根据fullRedrawNeeded来判断是否需要重置dirty区域,最后调用了ViewRootImpl#drawSoftware方法,

    private boolean drawSoftware(Surface surface, AttachInfo attachInfo, int xoff, int yoff,
        boolean scalingRequired, Rect dirty) {

    // Draw with software renderer.
    final Canvas canvas;
    try {
        final int left = dirty.left;
        final int top = dirty.top;
        final int right = dirty.right;
        final int bottom = dirty.bottom;
        //锁定canvas区域,由dirty区域决定
        canvas = mSurface.lockCanvas(dirty);

        // The dirty rectangle can be modified by Surface.lockCanvas()(这个巨型区域被锁定了修改)
        //noinspection ConstantConditions(没有检查恒定条件)
        if (left != dirty.left || top != dirty.top || right != dirty.right
                || bottom != dirty.bottom) {
            attachInfo.mIgnoreDirtyState = true;
        }

        // TODO: Do this in native (在本地设置密度)
        canvas.setDensity(mDensity);
    } catch (Surface.OutOfResourcesException e) {
        handleOutOfResourcesException(e);
        return false;
    } catch (IllegalArgumentException e) {
        Log.e(mTag, "Could not lock surface", e);
        // Don't assume this is due to out of memory, it could be
        // something else, and if it is something else then we could
        // kill stuff (or ourself) for no reason.
        mLayoutRequested = true;    // ask wm for a new surface next time.
        return false;
    }

    try {
        if (DEBUG_ORIENTATION || DEBUG_DRAW) {
            Log.v(mTag, "Surface " + surface + " drawing to bitmap w="
                    + canvas.getWidth() + ", h=" + canvas.getHeight());
            //canvas.drawARGB(255, 255, 0, 0);
        }

        // If this bitmap's format includes an alpha channel, we
        // need to clear it before drawing so that the child will
        // properly re-composite its drawing on a transparent
        // background. This automatically respects the clip/dirty region
        // or
        // If we are applying an offset, we need to clear the area
        // where the offset doesn't appear to avoid having garbage
        // left in the blank areas.
      对于上面的翻译是:
      如果位图的格式包含alpha通道,我们
      需要在画之前清除它,以便子控件重新组合其图纸上的透明背景
      这将自动地对剪辑区域进行关联。
      或
      如果我们申请抵销,我们需要清理这个地区。
      在没有出现偏移的情况下避免垃圾
      留在空白区域。

        if (!canvas.isOpaque() || yoff != 0 || xoff != 0) {
            canvas.drawColor(0, PorterDuff.Mode.CLEAR);
        }

        dirty.setEmpty();
        mIsAnimating = false;
        mView.mPrivateFlags |= View.PFLAG_DRAWN;

        if (DEBUG_DRAW) {
            Context cxt = mView.getContext();
            Log.i(mTag, "Drawing: package:" + cxt.getPackageName() +
                    ", metrics=" + cxt.getResources().getDisplayMetrics() +
                    ", compatibilityInfo=" + cxt.getResources().getCompatibilityInfo());
        }
        try {
            canvas.translate(-xoff, -yoff);
            if (mTranslator != null) {
                mTranslator.translateCanvas(canvas);
            }
            canvas.setScreenDensity(scalingRequired ? mNoncompatDensity : 0);
            attachInfo.mSetIgnoreDirtyState = false;

            mView.draw(canvas);

            drawAccessibilityFocusedDrawableIfNeeded(canvas);
        } finally {
            if (!attachInfo.mSetIgnoreDirtyState) {
                // Only clear the flag if it was not set during the mView.draw() call
                attachInfo.mIgnoreDirtyState = false;
            }
        }
    } finally {
        try {
            surface.unlockCanvasAndPost(canvas);
        } catch (IllegalArgumentException e) {
            Log.e(mTag, "Could not unlock surface", e);
            mLayoutRequested = true;    // ask wm for a new surface next time.
            //noinspection ReturnInsideFinallyBlock
            return false;
        }

        if (LOCAL_LOGV) {
            Log.v(mTag, "Surface " + surface + " unlockCanvasAndPost");
        }
    }
    return true;
}

可以看出,首先是实例化了Canvas对象,然后锁定该canvas的区域,由dirty区域决定, 接着对canvas进行一系列的属性赋值,最后调用了mView.draw(canvas)方法,那么之前就讲过这里的mView就是我们的DectorView所以是从DectorView顶层开始绘制 那么之前的一切都是在进行准备一块画板具体的绘制实在mView.draw当中,这里将画板给入,而现在则是正式开始绘制流程。

   public void draw(Canvas canvas) {
    final int privateFlags = mPrivateFlags;
    final boolean dirtyOpaque = (privateFlags & PFLAG_DIRTY_MASK) == PFLAG_DIRTY_OPAQUE &&
            (mAttachInfo == null || !mAttachInfo.mIgnoreDirtyState);
    mPrivateFlags = (privateFlags & ~PFLAG_DIRTY_MASK) | PFLAG_DRAWN;

    /*
     * Draw traversal performs several drawing steps which must be executed(绘制遍历执行必须执行的几个绘图步骤)
     * in the appropriate order:(按下列顺序)
     *
     *      1. Draw the background(画背景)
     *      2. If necessary, save the canvas' layers to prepare for fading(必要时,保存画布的层以准备渐变。)
     *      3. Draw view's content(绘制视图内容)
     *      4. Draw children(画子view)
     *      5. If necessary, draw the fading edges and restore layers(如果需要,绘制渐变边缘并恢复图层)
     *      6. Draw decorations (scrollbars for instance)(绘制装饰(例如滚动条))
     */

    // Step 1, draw the background, if needed
    int saveCount;

    if (!dirtyOpaque) {
        drawBackground(canvas);
    }

    // skip step 2 & 5 if possible (common case)
    final int viewFlags = mViewFlags;
    boolean horizontalEdges = (viewFlags & FADING_EDGE_HORIZONTAL) != 0;
    boolean verticalEdges = (viewFlags & FADING_EDGE_VERTICAL) != 0;
    if (!verticalEdges && !horizontalEdges) {
        // Step 3, draw the content
        if (!dirtyOpaque) onDraw(canvas);

        // Step 4, draw the children
        dispatchDraw(canvas);

        drawAutofilledHighlight(canvas);

        // Overlay is part of the content and draws beneath Foreground
        if (mOverlay != null && !mOverlay.isEmpty()) {
            mOverlay.getOverlayView().dispatchDraw(canvas);
        }

        // Step 6, draw decorations (foreground, scrollbars)
        onDrawForeground(canvas);

        // Step 7, draw the default focus highlight
        drawDefaultFocusHighlight(canvas);

        if (debugDraw()) {
            debugDrawFocus(canvas);
        }

        // we're done...
        return;
    }

    /*
     * Here we do the full fledged routine...
     * (this is an uncommon case where speed matters less,
     * this is why we repeat some of the tests that have been
     * done above)
     */

    boolean drawTop = false;
    boolean drawBottom = false;
    boolean drawLeft = false;
    boolean drawRight = false;

    float topFadeStrength = 0.0f;
    float bottomFadeStrength = 0.0f;
    float leftFadeStrength = 0.0f;
    float rightFadeStrength = 0.0f;

    // Step 2, save the canvas' layers
    int paddingLeft = mPaddingLeft;

    final boolean offsetRequired = isPaddingOffsetRequired();
    if (offsetRequired) {
        paddingLeft += getLeftPaddingOffset();
    }

    int left = mScrollX + paddingLeft;
    int right = left + mRight - mLeft - mPaddingRight - paddingLeft;
    int top = mScrollY + getFadeTop(offsetRequired);
    int bottom = top + getFadeHeight(offsetRequired);

    if (offsetRequired) {
        right += getRightPaddingOffset();
        bottom += getBottomPaddingOffset();
    }

    final ScrollabilityCache scrollabilityCache = mScrollCache;
    final float fadeHeight = scrollabilityCache.fadingEdgeLength;
    int length = (int) fadeHeight;

    // clip the fade length if top and bottom fades overlap
    // overlapping fades produce odd-looking artifacts
    if (verticalEdges && (top + length > bottom - length)) {
        length = (bottom - top) / 2;
    }

    // also clip horizontal fades if necessary
    if (horizontalEdges && (left + length > right - length)) {
        length = (right - left) / 2;
    }

    if (verticalEdges) {
        topFadeStrength = Math.max(0.0f, Math.min(1.0f, getTopFadingEdgeStrength()));
        drawTop = topFadeStrength * fadeHeight > 1.0f;
        bottomFadeStrength = Math.max(0.0f, Math.min(1.0f, getBottomFadingEdgeStrength()));
        drawBottom = bottomFadeStrength * fadeHeight > 1.0f;
    }

    if (horizontalEdges) {
        leftFadeStrength = Math.max(0.0f, Math.min(1.0f, getLeftFadingEdgeStrength()));
        drawLeft = leftFadeStrength * fadeHeight > 1.0f;
        rightFadeStrength = Math.max(0.0f, Math.min(1.0f, getRightFadingEdgeStrength()));
        drawRight = rightFadeStrength * fadeHeight > 1.0f;
    }

    saveCount = canvas.getSaveCount();

    int solidColor = getSolidColor();
    if (solidColor == 0) {
        final int flags = Canvas.HAS_ALPHA_LAYER_SAVE_FLAG;

        if (drawTop) {
            canvas.saveLayer(left, top, right, top + length, null, flags);
        }

        if (drawBottom) {
            canvas.saveLayer(left, bottom - length, right, bottom, null, flags);
        }

        if (drawLeft) {
            canvas.saveLayer(left, top, left + length, bottom, null, flags);
        }

        if (drawRight) {
            canvas.saveLayer(right - length, top, right, bottom, null, flags);
        }
    } else {
        scrollabilityCache.setFadeColor(solidColor);
    }

    // Step 3, draw the content
    if (!dirtyOpaque) onDraw(canvas);

    // Step 4, draw the children
    dispatchDraw(canvas);

    // Step 5, draw the fade effect and restore layers
    final Paint p = scrollabilityCache.paint;
    final Matrix matrix = scrollabilityCache.matrix;
    final Shader fade = scrollabilityCache.shader;

    if (drawTop) {
        matrix.setScale(1, fadeHeight * topFadeStrength);
        matrix.postTranslate(left, top);
        fade.setLocalMatrix(matrix);
        p.setShader(fade);
        canvas.drawRect(left, top, right, top + length, p);
    }

    if (drawBottom) {
        matrix.setScale(1, fadeHeight * bottomFadeStrength);
        matrix.postRotate(180);
        matrix.postTranslate(left, bottom);
        fade.setLocalMatrix(matrix);
        p.setShader(fade);
        canvas.drawRect(left, bottom - length, right, bottom, p);
    }

    if (drawLeft) {
        matrix.setScale(1, fadeHeight * leftFadeStrength);
        matrix.postRotate(-90);
        matrix.postTranslate(left, top);
        fade.setLocalMatrix(matrix);
        p.setShader(fade);
        canvas.drawRect(left, top, left + length, bottom, p);
    }

    if (drawRight) {
        matrix.setScale(1, fadeHeight * rightFadeStrength);
        matrix.postRotate(90);
        matrix.postTranslate(right, top);
        fade.setLocalMatrix(matrix);
        p.setShader(fade);
        canvas.drawRect(right - length, top, right, bottom, p);
    }

    canvas.restoreToCount(saveCount);

    drawAutofilledHighlight(canvas);

    // Overlay is part of the content and draws beneath Foreground
    if (mOverlay != null && !mOverlay.isEmpty()) {
        mOverlay.getOverlayView().dispatchDraw(canvas);
    }

    // Step 6, draw decorations (foreground, scrollbars)
    onDrawForeground(canvas);

    if (debugDraw()) {
        debugDrawFocus(canvas);
    }
}

可以看到,draw过程比较复杂,但是逻辑十分清晰, 而官方注释也清楚地说明了每一步的做法。我们首先来看一开始的标记位dirtyOpaque,该标记位的作用是判断当前View是否是透明的,如果View是透明的,那么根据下面的逻辑可以看出,将不会执行一些步骤,比如绘制背景、绘制内容等。 这样很容易理解,因为一个View既然是透明的,那就没必要绘制它了。接着是绘制流程的六个步骤,这里先小结这六个步骤分别是什么,然后再展开来讲。

绘制流程的六个步骤:

  1. 对View的背景进行绘制
  2. 保存当前的图层信息
  3. 绘制View的内容
  4. 对View的子View进行绘制(如果有子View)
  5. 绘制View的褪色的边缘,类似于阴影效果
  6. 绘制View的装饰

1.画背景

  private void drawBackground(Canvas canvas) {
    //mBackground是该View的背景参数,比如背景颜色这里我门不去探究从何而来
    final Drawable background = mBackground;
    if (background == null) {
        return;
    }
    //根据View四个布局参数来确定背景的边界
    setBackgroundBounds();

    // Attempt to use a display list if requested.
    if (canvas.isHardwareAccelerated() && mAttachInfo != null
            && mAttachInfo.mThreadedRenderer != null) {
        mBackgroundRenderNode = getDrawableRenderNode(background, mBackgroundRenderNode);

        final RenderNode renderNode = mBackgroundRenderNode;
        if (renderNode != null && renderNode.isValid()) {
            setBackgroundRenderNodeProperties(renderNode);
            ((DisplayListCanvas) canvas).drawRenderNode(renderNode);
            return;
        }
    }
    //获取当前View的mScrollX和mScrollY值
    final int scrollX = mScrollX;
    final int scrollY = mScrollY;
    //如果有值,则偏移之后重新绘制
    if ((scrollX | scrollY) == 0) {
        background.draw(canvas);
    } else {
        //偏移位置
        canvas.translate(scrollX, scrollY);
        background.draw(canvas);
        canvas.translate(-scrollX, -scrollY);
    }
}

  void setBackgroundBounds() {
    if (mBackgroundSizeChanged && mBackground != null) {
        //设置背景四个参数
        mBackground.setBounds(0, 0, mRight - mLeft, mBottom - mTop);
        mBackgroundSizeChanged = false;
        rebuildOutline();
    }
}

2.第二步渐变图像保存和第五步渐变图像恢复,今天不做讲解。暂时跳过,我们后面文章Canvas里面细说,那么在这里看到第三步调用了onDraw,View中该方法是一个空实现,这里同理于之前的onMeasure和onLayout因为不同的View有着不同的内容,这需要我们自己去实现,即在自定义View中重写该方法来实现

3.在第四步的dispatchDraw(canvas);当中, 这个方法我们会发现他在一直迭代子view,这里我门是以ViewGroup为例(这个方法也一样, 是由子View重写)

  protected void dispatchDraw(Canvas canvas) {
    boolean usingRenderNodeProperties = canvas.isRecordingFor(mRenderNode);
    final int childrenCount = mChildrenCount;
    final View[] children = mChildren;
    int flags = mGroupFlags;

    if ((flags & FLAG_RUN_ANIMATION) != 0 && canAnimate()) {
        final boolean buildCache = !isHardwareAccelerated();
        for (int i = 0; i < childrenCount; i++) {
            final View child = children[i];
            if ((child.mViewFlags & VISIBILITY_MASK) == VISIBLE) {
                final LayoutParams params = child.getLayoutParams();
                attachLayoutAnimationParameters(child, params, i, childrenCount);
                bindLayoutAnimation(child);
            }
        }

        final LayoutAnimationController controller = mLayoutAnimationController;
        if (controller.willOverlap()) {
            mGroupFlags |= FLAG_OPTIMIZE_INVALIDATE;
        }

        controller.start();

        mGroupFlags &= ~FLAG_RUN_ANIMATION;
        mGroupFlags &= ~FLAG_ANIMATION_DONE;

        if (mAnimationListener != null) {
            mAnimationListener.onAnimationStart(controller.getAnimation());
        }
    }

    int clipSaveCount = 0;
    final boolean clipToPadding = (flags & CLIP_TO_PADDING_MASK) == CLIP_TO_PADDING_MASK;
    if (clipToPadding) {
        clipSaveCount = canvas.save(Canvas.CLIP_SAVE_FLAG);
        canvas.clipRect(mScrollX + mPaddingLeft, mScrollY + mPaddingTop,
                mScrollX + mRight - mLeft - mPaddingRight,
                mScrollY + mBottom - mTop - mPaddingBottom);
    }

    // We will draw our child's animation, let's reset the flag
    mPrivateFlags &= ~PFLAG_DRAW_ANIMATION;
    mGroupFlags &= ~FLAG_INVALIDATE_REQUIRED;

    boolean more = false;
    final long drawingTime = getDrawingTime();

    if (usingRenderNodeProperties) canvas.insertReorderBarrier();
    final int transientCount = mTransientIndices == null ? 0 : mTransientIndices.size();
    int transientIndex = transientCount != 0 ? 0 : -1;
    // Only use the preordered list if not HW accelerated, since the HW pipeline will do the
    // draw reordering internally
    final ArrayList preorderedList = usingRenderNodeProperties
            ? null : buildOrderedChildList();
    final boolean customOrder = preorderedList == null
            && isChildrenDrawingOrderEnabled();
    for (int i = 0; i < childrenCount; i++) {
        while (transientIndex >= 0 && mTransientIndices.get(transientIndex) == i) {
            final View transientChild = mTransientViews.get(transientIndex);
            if ((transientChild.mViewFlags & VISIBILITY_MASK) == VISIBLE ||
                    transientChild.getAnimation() != null) {
                more |= drawChild(canvas, transientChild, drawingTime);
            }
            transientIndex++;
            if (transientIndex >= transientCount) {
                transientIndex = -1;
            }
        }

        final int childIndex = getAndVerifyPreorderedIndex(childrenCount, i, customOrder);
        final View child = getAndVerifyPreorderedView(preorderedList, children, childIndex);
        if ((child.mViewFlags & VISIBILITY_MASK) == VISIBLE || child.getAnimation() != null) {
            more |= drawChild(canvas, child, drawingTime);
        }
    }
    while (transientIndex >= 0) {
        // there may be additional transient views after the normal views
        final View transientChild = mTransientViews.get(transientIndex);
        if ((transientChild.mViewFlags & VISIBILITY_MASK) == VISIBLE ||
                transientChild.getAnimation() != null) {
            more |= drawChild(canvas, transientChild, drawingTime);
        }
        transientIndex++;
        if (transientIndex >= transientCount) {
            break;
        }
    }
    if (preorderedList != null) preorderedList.clear();

    // Draw any disappearing views that have animations
    if (mDisappearingChildren != null) {
        final ArrayList disappearingChildren = mDisappearingChildren;
        final int disappearingCount = disappearingChildren.size() - 1;
        // Go backwards -- we may delete as animations finish
        for (int i = disappearingCount; i >= 0; i--) {
            final View child = disappearingChildren.get(i);
            more |= drawChild(canvas, child, drawingTime);
        }
    }
    if (usingRenderNodeProperties) canvas.insertInorderBarrier();

    if (debugDraw()) {
        onDebugDraw(canvas);
    }

    if (clipToPadding) {
        canvas.restoreToCount(clipSaveCount);
    }

    // mGroupFlags might have been updated by drawChild()
    flags = mGroupFlags;

    if ((flags & FLAG_INVALIDATE_REQUIRED) == FLAG_INVALIDATE_REQUIRED) {
        invalidate(true);
    }

    if ((flags & FLAG_ANIMATION_DONE) == 0 && (flags & FLAG_NOTIFY_ANIMATION_LISTENER) == 0 &&
            mLayoutAnimationController.isDone() && !more) {
        // We want to erase the drawing cache and notify the listener after the
        // next frame is drawn because one extra invalidate() is caused by
        // drawChild() after the animation is over
        mGroupFlags |= FLAG_NOTIFY_ANIMATION_LISTENER;
        final Runnable end = new Runnable() {
           @Override
           public void run() {
               notifyAnimationListener();
           }
        };
        post(end);
    }
}

源码很长,这里简单讲下,里面主要遍历了所以子View,每个子View都调用了drawChild这个方法,我们找到这个方法

    protected boolean drawChild(Canvas canvas, View child, long drawingTime) {
         return child.draw(canvas, this, drawingTime);
    }

这里开始调用了子view的draw,同样开始向下遍历。那么此时,其实同理于我门之前的测量和布局,父亲取得所有子控件开始遍历,调用子控件让子控件自己调用自己的draw开始绘制自己。逻辑很清晰,都是先设定绘制区域,然后利用canvas进行绘制。

总结

那么,到目前为止,View的绘制流程也讲述完毕了

我在讲解这个UI绘制流程时主要目的是从源码分析出原理,流程, 透过流程知道我们能干嘛, 我们在对于自定义控件开发的时候, 因为他顶层源码的流程,原理, 得到我们自己能够在这个体系当中扮演什么角色。

从之前的几篇文章,我们能够明白,最终,其实测量,布局,和绘制这三个流程最终都是调用到onMeasure,onLayout,onDraw让控件自己去完成的,只不过系统组件他实现帮我门已经按照它们自己的规则去完成了自己想要实现的效果,那么我们业同样是根据根据顺序,原理,去施加自己的业务,完成自己想要的自定义控件。
那么在这里UI绘制流程暂时告一段落,关于图形是如何呈现在我门的UI上,以及我门如何制作一些比较漂亮的特效其实实际上是依赖于Paint组件和Canvas,那么敬请期待下一篇...

看完三件事❤️


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