SpringBatch跳过异常和限制方式

SpringBatch容错处理

1. 案例说明

从DB中reader出1000条数据,chunk = 100,当第二个chunk出现NullPointerException或者StringIndexOutOfBoundsException异常。业务要求batch不终了,程序继续执行。

2. 跳过异常限制

下记有两种实现方法。

2.1 skip 和 skipLimit配置

  @Bean
  public Step job1step1() throws Throwable {
    return stepBuilderFactory
        .get(_JOB_STEP_NAME)
          .listener(_stepListener)
          .chunk(_CHUNK_SIZE)
          .reader(reader())
          .processor(processor())
          .writer(writer())
          .faultTolerant()
          .skipLimit(10)
          .skip(NullPointerException.class)
          .skip(StringIndexOutOfBoundsException.class)
          .build();
  }

上记代码示例中的skipLimit方法限制最大跳过数,skip方法限制跳过的异常类型。

这样某条数据出现异常时,并不会终了step,而是跳过本条错误数据,继续处理下一条。

2.2 自定义跳过配置SkipPolicy 接口

SkipPolicy相对于skip更加灵活。

例:业务要求,userId = 110的用户出现上记两个异常时,程序终了。

step代码

  @Bean
  public Step job1step1() throws Throwable {
    return stepBuilderFactory
        .get(_JOB_STEP_NAME)
          .listener(_stepListener)
          .chunk(_CHUNK_SIZE)
          .reader(reader())
          .processor(processor())
          .writer(writer())
          .faultTolerant()
          .skipPolicy(new SkipPolicyTask())
          .build();
  }

自定义SkipPolicy 接口代码

public class SkipPolicyTask implements SkipPolicy {
    private static final int MAX_SKIP_COUNT = 10;
    private static final int USER_ID= 110;
 
    @Override
    public boolean isSkipFlg(Throwable throwable, int skipCount) 
      throws SkipLimitExceededException {
 
        if (throwable instanceof NullPointerException && skipCount < MAX_SKIP_COUNT) {
            return true;
        }
 
        if (throwable instanceof StringIndexOutOfBoundsException && skipCount < MAX_SKIP_COUNT ) {
            if(common.getUserId == INVALID_TX_AMOUNT_LIMIT) {
                return false;
            } else {
                return true;
            }
        }
        return false;
    }
 }

return flase 程序终了,retuen true 跳过异常。

SpringBatch 错误积累

1.如果nextStep在该JOB中还没有配置

也就是说nextStep还不存在的情况下,就会报错


  
 

Caused by: java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: Missing state for [StateTransition: [state=bain_Job.bainToTableStep, pattern=BALANCED, next=bain_Job.trustAcctBatPayStep]]
at org.springframework.batch.core.job.flow.support.SimpleFlow.initializeTransitions(SimpleFlow.java:283) ~[spring-batch-core-3.0.0.RELEASE.jar:3.0.0.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.batch.core.job.flow.support.SimpleFlow.afterPropertiesSet(SimpleFlow.java:128) ~[spring-batch-core-3.0.0.RELEASE.jar:3.0.0.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.batch.core.configuration.xml.SimpleFlowFactoryBean.getObject(SimpleFlowFactoryBean.java:125) ~[spring-batch-core-3.0.0.RELEASE.jar:3.0.0.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.batch.core.configuration.xml.SimpleFlowFactoryBean.getObject(SimpleFlowFactoryBean.java:46) ~[spring-batch-core-3.0.0.RELEASE.jar:3.0.0.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.FactoryBeanRegistrySupport.doGetObjectFromFactoryBean(FactoryBeanRegistrySupport.java:168) ~[spring-beans-4.1.5.RELEASE.jar:4.1.5.RELEASE]
... 42 common frames omitted

以上为个人经验,希望能给大家一个参考,也希望大家多多支持脚本之家。

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