SpringBoot做junit测试的时候获取不到bean的解决

SpringBoot junit测试的时候获取不到bean

记录一下,今天在使用springboot做junit测试的获取不到bean

SpringBoot做junit测试的时候获取不到bean的解决_第1张图片

具体报错

org.springframework.beans.factory.UnsatisfiedDependencyException: Error creating bean with name ‘com.scmcc.feemanger.FeemangerApplicationTests': Unsatisfied dependency expressed through field ‘userModelService'; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.NoSuchBeanDefinitionException: No qualifying bean of type ‘com.scmcc.service.UserModelService' available: expected at least 1 bean which qualifies as autowire candidate. Dependency annotations: {@org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired(required=true)}
at org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor$AutowiredFieldElement.inject(AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.java:596) ~[spring-beans-5.1.7.RELEASE.jar:5.1.7.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.InjectionMetadata.inject(InjectionMetadata.java:90) ~[spring-beans-5.1.7.RELEASE.jar:5.1.7.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.postProcessProperties(AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.java:374) ~[spring-beans-5.1.7.RELEASE.jar:5.1.7.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.populateBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:1411) ~[spring-beans-5.1.7.RELEASE.jar:5.1.7.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.autowireBeanProperties(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:391) ~[spring-beans-5.1.7.RELEASE.jar:5.1.7.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.test.context.support.DependencyInjectionTestExecutionListener.injectDependencies(DependencyInjectionTestExecutionListener.java:119) ~[spring-test-5.1.7.RELEASE.jar:5.1.7.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.test.context.support.DependencyInjectionTestExecutionListener.prepareTestInstance(DependencyInjectionTestExecutionListener.java:83) ~[spring-test-5.1.7.RELEASE.jar:5.1.7.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.boot.test.autoconfigure.SpringBootDependencyInjectionTestExecutionListener.prepareTestInstance(SpringBootDependencyInjectionTestExecutionListener.java:44) ~[spring-boot-test-autoconfigure-2.1.5.RELEASE.jar:2.1.5.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.test.context.TestContextManager.prepareTestInstance(TestContextManager.java:246) ~[spring-test-5.1.7.RELEASE.jar:5.1.7.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.createTest(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.java:227) [spring-test-5.1.7.RELEASE.jar:5.1.7.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner$1.runReflectiveCall(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.java:289) [spring-test-5.1.7.RELEASE.jar:5.1.7.RELEASE]
at org.junit.internal.runners.model.ReflectiveCallable.run(ReflectiveCallable.java:12) [junit-4.12.jar:4.12]
at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.methodBlock(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.java:291) [spring-test-5.1.7.RELEASE.jar:5.1.7.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.java:246) [spring-test-5.1.7.RELEASE.jar:5.1.7.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.java:97) [spring-test-5.1.7.RELEASE.jar:5.1.7.RELEASE]
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$3.run(ParentRunner.java:290) [junit-4.12.jar:4.12]
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$1.schedule(ParentRunner.java:71) [junit-4.12.jar:4.12]
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.runChildren(ParentRunner.java:288) [junit-4.12.jar:4.12]
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.access$000(ParentRunner.java:58) [junit-4.12.jar:4.12]
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner 2. e v a l u a t e ( P a r e n t R u n n e r . j a v a : 268 ) [ j u n i t − 4.12. j a r : 4.12 ] a t o r g . s p r i n g f r a m e w o r k . t e s t . c o n t e x t . j u n i t 4. s t a t e m e n t s . R u n B e f o r e T e s t C l a s s C a l l b a c k s . e v a l u a t e ( R u n B e f o r e T e s t C l a s s C a l l b a c k s . j a v a : 61 ) [ s p r i n g − t e s t − 5.1.7. R E L E A S E . j a r : 5.1.7. R E L E A S E ] a t o r g . s p r i n g f r a m e w o r k . t e s t . c o n t e x t . j u n i t 4. s t a t e m e n t s . R u n A f t e r T e s t C l a s s C a l l b a c k s . e v a l u a t e ( R u n A f t e r T e s t C l a s s C a l l b a c k s . j a v a : 70 ) [ s p r i n g − t e s t − 5.1.7. R E L E A S E . j a r : 5.1.7. R E L E A S E ] a t o r g . j u n i t . r u n n e r s . P a r e n t R u n n e r . r u n ( P a r e n t R u n n e r . j a v a : 363 ) [ j u n i t − 4.12. j a r : 4.12 ] a t o r g . s p r i n g f r a m e w o r k . t e s t . c o n t e x t . j u n i t 4. S p r i n g J U n i t 4 C l a s s R u n n e r . r u n ( S p r i n g J U n i t 4 C l a s s R u n n e r . j a v a : 190 ) [ s p r i n g − t e s t − 5.1.7. R E L E A S E . j a r : 5.1.7. R E L E A S E ] a t o r g . j u n i t . r u n n e r . J U n i t C o r e . r u n ( J U n i t C o r e . j a v a : 137 ) [ j u n i t − 4.12. j a r : 4.12 ] a t c o m . i n t e l l i j . j u n i t 4. J U n i t 4 I d e a T e s t R u n n e r . s t a r t R u n n e r W i t h A r g s ( J U n i t 4 I d e a T e s t R u n n e r . j a v a : 68 ) [ j u n i t − r t . j a r : n a ] a t c o m . i n t e l l i j . r t . e x e c u t i o n . j u n i t . I d e a T e s t R u n n e r 2.evaluate(ParentRunner.java:268) [junit-4.12.jar:4.12] at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.statements.RunBeforeTestClassCallbacks.evaluate(RunBeforeTestClassCallbacks.java:61) [spring-test-5.1.7.RELEASE.jar:5.1.7.RELEASE] at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.statements.RunAfterTestClassCallbacks.evaluate(RunAfterTestClassCallbacks.java:70) [spring-test-5.1.7.RELEASE.jar:5.1.7.RELEASE] at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.run(ParentRunner.java:363) [junit-4.12.jar:4.12] at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.run(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.java:190) [spring-test-5.1.7.RELEASE.jar:5.1.7.RELEASE] at org.junit.runner.JUnitCore.run(JUnitCore.java:137) [junit-4.12.jar:4.12] at com.intellij.junit4.JUnit4IdeaTestRunner.startRunnerWithArgs(JUnit4IdeaTestRunner.java:68) [junit-rt.jar:na] at com.intellij.rt.execution.junit.IdeaTestRunner 2.evaluate(ParentRunner.java:268)[junit−4.12.jar:4.12]atorg.springframework.test.context.junit4.statements.RunBeforeTestClassCallbacks.evaluate(RunBeforeTestClassCallbacks.java:61)[spring−test−5.1.7.RELEASE.jar:5.1.7.RELEASE]atorg.springframework.test.context.junit4.statements.RunAfterTestClassCallbacks.evaluate(RunAfterTestClassCallbacks.java:70)[spring−test−5.1.7.RELEASE.jar:5.1.7.RELEASE]atorg.junit.runners.ParentRunner.run(ParentRunner.java:363)[junit−4.12.jar:4.12]atorg.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.run(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.java:190)[spring−test−5.1.7.RELEASE.jar:5.1.7.RELEASE]atorg.junit.runner.JUnitCore.run(JUnitCore.java:137)[junit−4.12.jar:4.12]atcom.intellij.junit4.JUnit4IdeaTestRunner.startRunnerWithArgs(JUnit4IdeaTestRunner.java:68)[junit−rt.jar:na]atcom.intellij.rt.execution.junit.IdeaTestRunnerRepeater.startRunnerWithArgs(IdeaTestRunner.java:47) [junit-rt.jar:na]
at com.intellij.rt.execution.junit.JUnitStarter.prepareStreamsAndStart(JUnitStarter.java:242) [junit-rt.jar:na]
at com.intellij.rt.execution.junit.JUnitStarter.main(JUnitStarter.java:70) [junit-rt.jar:na]
Caused by: org.springframework.beans.factory.NoSuchBeanDefinitionException: No qualifying bean of type ‘com.scmcc.service.UserModelService' available: expected at least 1 bean which qualifies as autowire candidate. Dependency annotations: {@org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired(required=true)}
at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory.raiseNoMatchingBeanFound(DefaultListableBeanFactory.java:1655) ~[spring-beans-5.1.7.RELEASE.jar:5.1.7.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory.doResolveDependency(DefaultListableBeanFactory.java:1214) ~[spring-beans-5.1.7.RELEASE.jar:5.1.7.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory.resolveDependency(DefaultListableBeanFactory.java:1168) ~[spring-beans-5.1.7.RELEASE.jar:5.1.7.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor$AutowiredFieldElement.inject(AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.java:593) ~[spring-beans-5.1.7.RELEASE.jar:5.1.7.RELEASE]
… 28 common frames omitted

Process finished with exit code -1

原因是springboot的项目目录有问题,创建的类必须要放在主类的目录下面,问题解决,改正后的目录结构:

SpringBoot做junit测试的时候获取不到bean的解决_第2张图片

解决方案

原因是springboot的项目目录有问题,创建的类必须要放在主类的目录下面,问题解决~

SpringBoot测试类:Could not autowire. No beans of ‘BrandService‘ type found

如题,最近在做项目的过程中发现

SpringBootTest测试类中的BrandService 无法注入。

在idea中,brandService是爆红的。

SpringBoot做junit测试的时候获取不到bean的解决_第3张图片

解决方案

spring boot测试类 包名与main下application.class启动类的包名默认要一致。

即下图中的两个包名都是com.honyelchak.gulimall.product

SpringBoot做junit测试的时候获取不到bean的解决_第4张图片

以上为个人经验,希望能给大家一个参考,也希望大家多多支持脚本之家。

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