RocketMq中的traceId重复问题

背景

最近发现生产上mq的traceId有重复现象,理论上不同消息消费,tracdId不应该相同,但为什么有一定的概率会出现呢?

查询代码如下:

 protected ConsumeStatus consumeMsgSingle(MessageExt ext) {
       log.debug("AbstractMessageListener-consumeMessage() msgId:{}, body:{}", ext.getMsgId(), new String(ext.getBody()));
       String message = new String(ext.getBody());
       //获取到key
       String key = RocketMQUtils.concatKey(ext.getTopic(), ext.getTags());
       //根据key从handleMap里获取到我们的处理类
       MessageProcessor messageProcessor = handleMap.get(key);
       if (Objects.isNull(messageProcessor)) {
           messageProcessor = handleMap.get(ext.getTopic());
       }
       Optional.ofNullable(messageProcessor).orElseThrow(() -> new RRException(String.format("未找到消息处理类, topic:%s, tag:%s", ext.getTopic(), ext.getTags())));
       Object obj = null;
       try {
           //将String类型的message反序列化成对应的对象。
           obj = messageProcessor.transferMessage(message);
           if (obj instanceof MqMetaInfo) {
               MqMetaInfo meta = (MqMetaInfo) obj;
               MqMetaInfoConverter.fromExt(meta, ext);
           }
           generateMDC(ext);
       } catch (Exception e) {
           StringBuilder errMsg = new StringBuilder("对象反序列化失败, ")
                   .append("messageId:     ")
                   .append(ext.getMsgId()).append("\n")
                   .append("msgBody:       ")
                   .append(new String(ext.getBody())).append("\n")
                   .append("messageExt     ")
                   .append(ext).append("\n")
                   .append("stackTrace:    ")
                   .append(JSON.toJSONString(e.getStackTrace()));

           log.error("AbstractMessageListener-consumeMessage() error:{}, msgId:{},  message:{}, errMsg:{}"
                   , e, ext.getMsgId(), new String(ext.getBody()), errMsg.toString());
           throw new RRException(errMsg.toString());
       }
       //处理消息
       boolean result = messageProcessor.handleMessage(obj);
       if (!result) {
           if (ext.getReconsumeTimes() > Integer.MAX_VALUE) {
               return ConsumeStatus.SUCCESS;
           }
           return ConsumeStatus.FAIL;
       }
       return ConsumeStatus.SUCCESS;
   }

generateMDC方法如下:
RocketMq中的traceId重复问题_第1张图片

原因分析

可以看到如果message中有traceId,则把traceId关联到该线程,并打印出来。但发现最终该方法执行完成后未做清理traceId的动作,即RocketMq的消费者用的是线程池,而线程回收后traceId依然绑定在该线程上,如果下次有消息过来消费则会有同样traceId出现

重现

消费者

@Slf4j
@Service(value = "multiConsumerDemoProcessor")
public class MultiConsumerDemoProcessor implements MessageProcessor {

    @Override
    public boolean handleMessage(String orderNo) {
        log.info("开始消费:{}", orderNo);
        try {
            Thread.sleep(500);
        } catch (InterruptedException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return true;
    }

    @Override
    public Class getClazz() {
        return null;
    }

    @Override
    public String transferMessage(String message) {
        return message;
    }
}

生产者

public class Producer {
    public static void main(String[] args) throws MQClientException, InterruptedException {

        DefaultMQProducer producer = new DefaultMQProducer("ProducerGroupName");

        producer.setNamesrvAddr("ip");
        producer.start();

        for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++)
            try {
                {
                    Message msg = new Message("multi-consumer-demo",
                        "demo",
                        "OrderID188",
                        "Hello world".getBytes(RemotingHelper.DEFAULT_CHARSET));
                    SendResult sendResult = producer.send(msg);
                    System.out.printf("%s%n", sendResult);
                }

            } catch (Exception e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }

        //producer.shutdown();
    }
}
运行结果:

RocketMq中的traceId重复问题_第2张图片
可以看到traceId是有重复的

解决

加上finally语句,释放traceId
RocketMq中的traceId重复问题_第3张图片

解决结果

RocketMq中的traceId重复问题_第4张图片

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