Shell脚本一键部署——源码编译安装MySQL数据库

本脚本适用于已搭建本地yum源或在线源的环境
工具包下载链接: MySQL安装包
使用前将工具包拖到/opt目录下即可
写一个脚本文件,将以下内容复制进去,使用source或者. 执行脚本

#!/bin/bash

mount /dev/cdrom /mnt &> /dev/null

echo "---正在安装环境依赖包---"
yum -y install gcc gcc-c++ ncurses ncurses-devel bison cmake

echo "---正在配置软件模块---"
cd /opt
tar zxvf mysql-5.7.17.tar.gz
tar zxvf boost_1_59_0.tar.gz

cd /opt
mv boost_1_59_0 /usr/local/boost		

cd /opt/mysql-5.7.17/
cmake \
-DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/mysql \
-DMYSQL_UNIX_ADDR=/usr/local/mysql/mysql.sock \
-DSYSCONFDIR=/etc \
-DSYSTEMD_PID_DIR=/usr/local/mysql \
-DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8  \
-DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8_general_ci \
-DWITH_EXTRA_CHARSETS=all \
-DWITH_INNOBASE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
-DWITH_ARCHIVE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
-DWITH_BLACKHOLE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
-DWITH_PERFSCHEMA_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
-DMYSQL_DATADIR=/usr/local/mysql/data \
-DWITH_BOOST=/usr/local/boost \
-DWITH_SYSTEMD=1

echo "---编译安装中---"
make && make install

echo "---创建mysql用户---"
useradd -M -s /sbin/nologin  mysql

echo "---修改mysql 配置文件---"
echo '[client]
port = 3306
socket=/usr/local/mysql/mysql.sock

[mysqld]
user = mysql
basedir=/usr/local/mysql
datadir=/usr/local/mysql/data
port = 3306
character-set-server=utf8
pid-file = /usr/local/mysql/mysqld.pid
socket=/usr/local/mysql/mysql.sock
bind-address = 0.0.0.0
skip-name-resolve
max_connections=2048
default-storage-engine=INNODB
max_allowed_packet=16M
server-id = 1

sql_mode=NO_ENGINE_SUBSTITUTION,STRICT_TRANS_TABLES,NO_AUTO_CREATE_USER,NO_AUTO_VALUE_ON_ZERO,NO_ZERO_IN_DATE,NO_ZERO_DATE,ERROR_FOR_DIVISION_BY_ZERO,PIPES_AS_CONCAT,ANSI_QUOTES' > /etc/my.cnf

echo "---更改mysql安装目录和配置文件的属主属组---"
chown -R mysql:mysql /usr/local/mysql/
chown mysql:mysql /etc/my.cnf

echo "---设置路径环境变量---"
echo 'export PATH=/usr/local/mysql/bin:/usr/local/mysql/lib:$PATH' >> /etc/profile	
source /etc/profile

echo "---正在初始化数据库---"
cd /usr/local/mysql/bin/
./mysqld \
--initialize-insecure \
--user=mysql \
--basedir=/usr/local/mysql \
--datadir=/usr/local/mysql/data

echo "---添加mysqld系统服务---"
cp /usr/local/mysql/usr/lib/systemd/system/mysqld.service /usr/lib/systemd/system/	
systemctl daemon-reload              
systemctl start mysqld.service  
systemctl enable mysqld         
netstat -anpt | grep 3306       

echo "---修改mysql的登录密码---"
mysqladmin -u root -p password "123456"
echo "初始密码已设为:123456"

echo "---正在登录---"
mysql -uroot -p123456

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