spring boot实现超轻量级网关(反向代理、转发)

在我们的rest服务中,需要暴露一个中间件的接口给用户,但是需要经过rest服务的认证,这是典型的网关使用场景。可以引入网关组件来搞定,但是引入zuul等中间件会增加系统复杂性,这里实现一个超轻量级的网关,只实现请求转发,认证等由rest服务的spring security来搞定。

如何进行请求转发呢? 熟悉网络请求的同学应该很清楚,请求无非就是请求方式、HTTP header,以及请求body,我们将这些信息取出来,透传给转发的url即可。

举例:

/graphdb/** 转发到 Graph_Server/**

获取转发目的地址:

private String createRedictUrl(HttpServletRequest request, String routeUrl, String prefix) {
    String queryString = request.getQueryString();
    return routeUrl + request.getRequestURI().replace(prefix, "") +
        (queryString != null ? "?" + queryString : "");
  }

 

解析请求头和内容

然后从request中提取出header、body等内容,构造一个RequestEntity,后续可以用RestTemplate来请求。

private RequestEntity createRequestEntity(HttpServletRequest request, String url) throws URISyntaxException, IOException {
    String method = request.getMethod();
    HttpMethod httpMethod = HttpMethod.resolve(method);
    MultiValueMap headers = parseRequestHeader(request);
    byte[] body = parseRequestBody(request);
    return new RequestEntity<>(body, headers, httpMethod, new URI(url));
  }


  private byte[] parseRequestBody(HttpServletRequest request) throws IOException {
    InputStream inputStream = request.getInputStream();
    return StreamUtils.copyToByteArray(inputStream);
  }

  private MultiValueMap parseRequestHeader(HttpServletRequest request) {
    HttpHeaders headers = new HttpHeaders();
    List headerNames = Collections.list(request.getHeaderNames());
    for (String headerName : headerNames) {
      List headerValues = Collections.list(request.getHeaders(headerName));
      for (String headerValue : headerValues) {
        headers.add(headerName, headerValue);
      }
    }
    return headers;
  }

透明转发

最后用RestTemplate来实现请求:

 private ResponseEntity route(RequestEntity requestEntity) {
    RestTemplate restTemplate = new RestTemplate();
    return restTemplate.exchange(requestEntity, String.class);
  }

全部代码

以下是轻量级转发全部代码:

import org.springframework.http.*;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;
import org.springframework.util.MultiValueMap;
import org.springframework.util.StreamUtils;
import org.springframework.web.client.RestTemplate;

import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.net.URI;
import java.net.URISyntaxException;
import java.util.Collections;
import java.util.List;

@Service
public class RoutingDelegate {


  public ResponseEntity redirect(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response,String routeUrl, String prefix) {
    try {
      // build up the redirect URL
      String redirectUrl = createRedictUrl(request,routeUrl, prefix);
      RequestEntity requestEntity = createRequestEntity(request, redirectUrl);
      return route(requestEntity);
    } catch (Exception e) {
      return new ResponseEntity("REDIRECT ERROR", HttpStatus.INTERNAL_SERVER_ERROR);
    }
  }

  private String createRedictUrl(HttpServletRequest request, String routeUrl, String prefix) {
    String queryString = request.getQueryString();
    return routeUrl + request.getRequestURI().replace(prefix, "") +
        (queryString != null ? "?" + queryString : "");
  }


  private RequestEntity createRequestEntity(HttpServletRequest request, String url) throws URISyntaxException, IOException {
    String method = request.getMethod();
    HttpMethod httpMethod = HttpMethod.resolve(method);
    MultiValueMap headers = parseRequestHeader(request);
    byte[] body = parseRequestBody(request);
    return new RequestEntity<>(body, headers, httpMethod, new URI(url));
  }
	
  private ResponseEntity route(RequestEntity requestEntity) {
    RestTemplate restTemplate = new RestTemplate();
    return restTemplate.exchange(requestEntity, String.class);
  }


  private byte[] parseRequestBody(HttpServletRequest request) throws IOException {
    InputStream inputStream = request.getInputStream();
    return StreamUtils.copyToByteArray(inputStream);
  }

  private MultiValueMap parseRequestHeader(HttpServletRequest request) {
    HttpHeaders headers = new HttpHeaders();
    List headerNames = Collections.list(request.getHeaderNames());
    for (String headerName : headerNames) {
      List headerValues = Collections.list(request.getHeaders(headerName));
      for (String headerValue : headerValues) {
        headers.add(headerName, headerValue);
      }
    }
    return headers;
  }
}

Spring 集成

Spring Controller,RequestMapping里把GET \ POST\PUT\DELETE 支持的请求带上,就能实现转发了。

@RestController
@RequestMapping(GraphDBController.DELEGATE_PREFIX)
@Api(value = "GraphDB", tags = {
    "graphdb-Api"
})
public class GraphDBController {

  @Autowired
  GraphProperties graphProperties;

  public final static String DELEGATE_PREFIX = "/graphdb";

  @Autowired
  private RoutingDelegate routingDelegate;

  @RequestMapping(value = "/**", method = {RequestMethod.GET, RequestMethod.POST, RequestMethod.PUT, RequestMethod.DELETE}, produces = MediaType.TEXT_PLAIN_VALUE)
  public ResponseEntity catchAll(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) {
    return routingDelegate.redirect(request, response, graphProperties.getGraphServer(), DELEGATE_PREFIX);
  }
}

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