100题练习记录(八)

这次一起都写了吧,感觉部分的题目还是有问题的,然后一部分题目存在重复,共计98题。
Question 71:

Please write a binary search function which searches an item in a sorted list. The function should return the index of element to be searched in the list.

Hints:
Use if/elif to deal with conditions.

import math
def bin_search(li, element):
    bottom = 0
    top = len(li)-1
    index = -1
    while top>=bottom and index==-1:
        mid = int(math.floor((top+bottom)/2.0))
        #如果查找元素在中间位置
        if li[mid]==element:
            index = mid
        #如果查找元素小于列表中部数值,则设置顶部top为mid-1
        elif li[mid]>element:
            top = mid-1
        #如果查找元素大于列表中部数值,则设置底部bottom为mid-1
        else:
            bottom = mid+1
    #返回对应下标值,如不存在,则输出-1
    return index
#输入数组为sort排序后数组
li=[2,5,7,9,11,17,222]
print(bin_search(li,11))
print(bin_search(li,12))

Question 72:

Please generate a random float where the value is between 10 and 100 using Python math module.

Hints:
Use random.random() to generate a random float in [0,1].

import random
f = random.random()
print(f*100)

Question 73:

Please generate a random float where the value is between 5 and 95 using Python math module.

Hints:
Use random.random() to generate a random float in [0,1].

import random
print(random.randint(5,95)+random.random())

Question 74:

Please write a program to output a random even number between 0 and 10 inclusive using random module and list comprehension.

Hints:
Use random.choice() to a random element from a list.

import random
print(random.choice([i for i in range(11) if i % 2 == 0]))

Question 75:

Please write a program to output a random number, which is divisible by 5 and 7, between 0 and 200 inclusive using random module and list comprehension.

Hints:
Use random.choice() to a random element from a list.

import random
print(random.choice([x for x in range(201) if x%5==0 and x%7==0]))

Question 76:

Please write a program to generate a list with 5 random numbers between 100 and 200 inclusive.

Hints:
Use random.sample() to generate a list of random values.

import random
print(random.sample(range(100,201),5))

Question 77:

Please write a program to randomly generate a list with 5 even numbers between 100 and 200 inclusive.

Hints:
Use random.sample() to generate a list of random values.

import random
print(random.sample([i for i in range(100,201) if i%2 ==0],5))

Question 78:

Please write a program to randomly generate a list with 5 numbers, which are divisible by 5 and 7 , between 1 and 1000 inclusive.

Hints:
Use random.sample() to generate a list of random values.

import random
print(random.sample([i for i in range(1,1001) if (i % 5 == 0) and (i % 7 == 0)],5))

Question 79:

Please write a program to randomly print a integer number between 7 and 15 inclusive.

Hints:
Use random.randrange() to a random integer in a given range.

import random
print(random.randrange(7,16))

Question 80:

Please write a program to compress and decompress the string “hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!”.

Hints:
Use zlib.compress() and zlib.decompress() to compress and decompress a string.

import zlib
s = "hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!"
s1 = s.encode()
print(s1)
t = zlib.compress(s1)
print(t)
s2 = zlib.decompress(t)
print(s2)

Question 81:

Please write a program to print the running time of execution of “1+1” for 100 times.

Hints:
Use timeit() function to measure the running time.

from timeit import Timer
t = Timer("for i in range(101):1+1")
print(t.timeit())

Question 82:

Please write a program to shuffle and print the list [3,6,7,8].

Hints:
Use shuffle() function to shuffle a list.

from random import shuffle
li = [3,6,7,8]
shuffle(li)
#生成随机排列数组
print(li)

Question 84:

Please write a program to generate all sentences where subject is in [“I”, “You”] and verb is in [“Play”, “Love”] and the object is in [“Hockey”,“Football”].

Hints:
Use list[index] notation to get a element from a list.

subjects=["I", "You"]
verbs=["Play", "Love"]
objects=["Hockey","Football"]
for i in range(len(subjects)):
    for j in range(len(verbs)):
        for k in range(len(objects)):
            sentence = "%s %s %s." % (subjects[i], verbs[j], objects[k])
            print(sentence)

Question 85:
Please write a program to print the list after removing delete even numbers in [5,6,77,45,22,12,24].

Hints:
Use list comprehension to delete a bunch of element from a list.

li = [5,6,77,45,22,12,24]
li = [x for x in li if x%2!=0]
print(li)

Question 86:

By using list comprehension, please write a program to print the list after removing delete numbers which are divisible by 5 and 7 in [12,24,35,70,88,120,155].

Hints:
Use list comprehension to delete a bunch of element from a list.

l1 = [12,24,35,70,88,120,155]
l2 = [x for x in l1 if not (x%5==0 and x%7==0)]
print(l2)
#官方给出的方法中将能被5整除的数也进行了移除。
li = [12,24,35,70,88,120,155]
li = [x for x in li if x%5!=0 and x%7!=0]
print(li)

Question 87:

By using list comprehension, please write a program to print the list after removing the 0th, 2nd, 4th,6th numbers in [12,24,35,70,88,120,155].

Hints:
Use list comprehension to delete a bunch of element from a list.
Use enumerate() to get (index, value) tuple.

l1 = [12,24,35,70,88,120,155]
l2 = l1[1:len(l1)-1:2]
print(l2)
#使用enumerate函数
li = [12,24,35,70,88,120,155]
li = [x for (i,x) in enumerate(li) if i%2!=0]
print(li)

Question 88:

By using list comprehension, please write a program generate a 358 3D array whose each element is 0.

Hints:
Use list comprehension to make an array.

l1 = [[[0] * 8 for x in range(5)] for y in range(3)]
print(l1)
#方法二
array = [[ [0 for col in range(8)] for col in range(5)] for row in range(3)]
print(array)

Question 89:

By using list comprehension, please write a program to print the list after removing the 0th,4th,5th numbers in [12,24,35,70,88,120,155].

Hints:
Use list comprehension to delete a bunch of element from a list.
Use enumerate() to get (index, value) tuple.

l = [12,24,35,70,88,120,155]
l1 = [x for (i,x) in enumerate(l) if i not in (0,4,5)]
print(l1)

Question 90:

By using list comprehension, please write a program to print the list after removing the value 24 in [12,24,35,24,88,120,155].

Hints:
Use list’s remove method to delete a value.

l = [12,24,35,70,88,120,155]
l.remove(24)
print(l)
#方法二
li = [12,24,35,24,88,120,155]
li = [x for x in li if x!=24]
print(li)

Question 91:

With two given lists [1,3,6,78,35,55] and [12,24,35,24,88,120,155], write a program to make a list whose elements are intersection of the above given lists.

Hints:
Use set() and “&=” to do set intersection operation.

l1 = [1,3,6,78,35,55]
l2 = [12,24,35,24,88,120,155]
print(l1+l2)
s = set(l1+l2)
print(s)

Question 92:
With a given list [12,24,35,24,88,120,155,88,120,155], write a program to print this list after removing all duplicate values with original order reserved.

Hints:
Use set() to store a number of values without duplicate.

def remove_duplicate(l1=[]):
    set1 = set()
    l2 = []
    for i in l1:
        if i not in set1:
            set1.add(i)
            l2.append(i)
    print(l2)
l1 = [12,24,35,24,88,120,155,88,120,155]
remove_duplicate(l1)

Question 93:

Define a class Person and its two child classes: Male and Female. All classes have a method “getGender” which can print “Male” for Male class and “Female” for Female class.

Hints:
Use Subclass(Parentclass) to define a child class.

class Person(object):
    def __init__(self):
        self.gender = ""
    def getGender(self):
        return self.gender
class Male(Person):
    def __init__(self):
        self.gender = "Male"
class Female(Person):
    def __init__(self):
        self.gender = "Female"
m = Male()
print(m.getGender())
f = Female()
print(f.getGender())

Question 94:

Please write a program which count and print the numbers of each character in a string input by console.

Example:
If the following string is given as input to the program:

abcdefgabc

Then, the output of the program should be:

a,2
c,2
b,2
e,1
d,1
g,1
f,1

Hints:
Use dict to store key/value pairs.
Use dict.get() method to lookup a key with default value.

s = input("请输入:")
dic = {
     }
for i in s:
    if i not in dic.keys():
        dic[i] = 1
    else:
        dic[i] = dic[i] + 1
for k,v in dic.items():
    print(str(k)+","+str(v))

Question 95:

Please write a program which accepts a string from console and print it in reverse order.

Example:
If the following string is given as input to the program:

rise to vote sir

Then, the output of the program should be:

ris etov ot esir

Hints:
Use list[::-1] to iterate a list in a reverse order.

def rever(s):
    s1 = s[::-1]
    return s1
s = input("请输入:")
print(rever(s))
#直接使用
s = input("请输入:")
print(s[::-1])

Question 96:

Please write a program which accepts a string from console and print the characters that have even indexes.

Example:
If the following string is given as input to the program:

H1e2l3l4o5w6o7r8l9d

Then, the output of the program should be:

Helloworld

Hints:
Use list[::2] to iterate a list by step 2.

s = input("请输入:")
s1 = s[::2]
print(s1)

Question 97:

Please write a program which prints all permutations of [1,2,3]

Hints:
Use itertools.permutations() to get permutations of list.

import itertools
print(list(itertools.permutations([1,2,3])))

Question 98:

Write a program to solve a classic ancient Chinese puzzle:
We count 35 heads and 94 legs among the chickens and rabbits in a farm. How many rabbits and how many chickens do we have?

Hint:
Use for loop to iterate all possible solutions.

def solve(numheads,numlegs):
    ns='No solutions!'
    for i in range(numheads+1):
        j=numheads-i
        if 2*i+4*j==numlegs:
            return i,j
    return ns,ns

numheads=35
numlegs=94
solutions=solve(numheads,numlegs)
print(solutions)

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