12 聚类算法 - 代码案例五 - 密度聚类(DBSCAN)算法案例

11 聚类算法 - 密度聚类 - DBSCAN、MDCA

需求: 使用scikit的相关API创建模拟数据,然后使用DBSCAN密度聚类算法进行数据聚类操作,并比较DBSCAN算法在不同参数情况下的密度聚类效果。

相关API:https://scikit-learn.org/stable/modules/generated/sklearn.cluster.DBSCAN.html

常规操作:

import numpy as np
import matplotlib as mpl
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import sklearn.datasets as ds
import matplotlib.colors
from sklearn.cluster import DBSCAN
from sklearn.preprocessing import StandardScaler

## 设置属性防止中文乱码及拦截异常信息
mpl.rcParams['font.sans-serif'] = [u'SimHei']
mpl.rcParams['axes.unicode_minus'] = False

1、创建模拟数据

N = 1000
centers = [[1, 2], [-1, -1], [1, -1], [-1, 1]]
data1, y1 = ds.make_blobs(N, n_features=2, 
  centers=centers, cluster_std=(1,0.75, 0.5,0.25), random_state=0)
data1 = StandardScaler().fit_transform(data1)
params1 = ((0.15, 5), (0.2, 10), (0.2, 15), (0.3, 5), (0.3, 10), (0.3, 15))

t = np.arange(0, 2 * np.pi, 0.1)
data2_1 = np.vstack((np.cos(t), np.sin(t))).T
data2_2 = np.vstack((2*np.cos(t), 2*np.sin(t))).T
data2_3 = np.vstack((3*np.cos(t), 3*np.sin(t))).T
data2 = np.vstack((data2_1, data2_2, data2_3))
y2 = np.vstack(([0] * len(data2_1), [1] * len(data2_2), [2] * len(data2_3)))
params2 = ((0.5, 3), (0.5, 5), (0.5, 10), (1., 3), (1., 10), (1., 20))

datasets = [(data1, y1,params1), (data2, y2,params2)]


def expandBorder(a, b):
    d = (b - a) * 0.1
    return a-d, b+d

2、画图

colors = ['r', 'g', 'b', 'y', 'c', 'k']
cm = mpl.colors.ListedColormap(colors)

for i,(X, y, params) in enumerate(datasets):
    x1_min, x2_min = np.min(X, axis=0)
    x1_max, x2_max = np.max(X, axis=0)
    x1_min, x1_max = expandBorder(x1_min, x1_max)
    x2_min, x2_max = expandBorder(x2_min, x2_max)
    
    plt.figure(figsize=(12, 8), facecolor='w')
    plt.suptitle(u'DBSCAN聚类-数据%d' % (i+1), fontsize=20)
    plt.subplots_adjust(top=0.9,hspace=0.35)
    
    for j,param in enumerate(params):
        eps, min_samples = param
        model = DBSCAN(eps=eps, min_samples=min_samples)
        #eps 半径,控制邻域的大小,值越大,越能容忍噪声点,
        #值越小,相比形成的簇就越多
        #min_samples 原理中所说的M,控制哪个是核心点,
        #值越小,越可以容忍噪声点,越大,就更容易把有效点划分成噪声点
        
        model.fit(X)
        y_hat = model.labels_

        unique_y_hat = np.unique(y_hat)
        n_clusters = len(unique_y_hat) - (1 if -1 in y_hat else 0)
        print ("类别:",unique_y_hat,";聚类簇数目:",n_clusters)
        
        
        core_samples_mask = np.zeros_like(y_hat, dtype=bool)
        core_samples_mask[model.core_sample_indices_] = True
        
        ## 开始画图
        plt.subplot(3,3,j+1)
        for k, col in zip(unique_y_hat, colors):
            if k == -1:
                col = 'k'
                
            class_member_mask = (y_hat == k)
            xy = X[class_member_mask & core_samples_mask]
            plt.plot(xy[:, 0], xy[:, 1], 'o', markerfacecolor=col, 
              markeredgecolor='k', markersize=14)
            xy = X[class_member_mask & ~core_samples_mask]
            plt.plot(xy[:, 0], xy[:, 1], 'o', markerfacecolor=col, 
              markeredgecolor='k', markersize=6)
        plt.xlim((x1_min, x1_max))
        plt.ylim((x2_min, x2_max))
        plt.grid(True)
        plt.title('$\epsilon$ = %.1f  m = %d,聚类簇数目:%d' % (eps, min_samples, 
          n_clusters), fontsize=16)
    ## 原始数据显示
    plt.subplot(3,3,7)
    plt.scatter(X[:, 0], X[:, 1], c=y, s=30, cmap=cm, edgecolors='none')
    plt.xlim((x1_min, x1_max))
    plt.ylim((x2_min, x2_max))
    plt.title('原始数据,聚类簇数目:%d' % len(np.unique(y)))
    plt.grid(True)
    plt.show()   
12 聚类算法 - 代码案例五 - 密度聚类(DBSCAN)算法案例_第1张图片
12 聚类算法 - 代码案例五 - 密度聚类(DBSCAN)算法案例_第2张图片

下章开始讲图形聚类 - 谱聚类
13 聚类算法 - 谱聚类

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