Js实现订阅发布模式(让你的代码写得贼六)

简单例子

 var salesoffice = {}; //定义售楼处

     salesoffice.clientList = []; //缓存列表,存放订阅者的回调函数

    salesoffice.listen = function (key,fn) { //增加订阅者
        if(!this.clientList[key]){
            this.clientList[key] = [];
        }
        this.clientList[key].push(fn); //订阅的消息添加进缓存列表
    };

    salesoffice.trigger = function () { //发布消息

        var key = Array.prototype.shift.call(arguments); //取出消息类型
        fns = this.clientList[key];
        if(!fns || fns.length ===0 ){ //如果没有订阅改消息,则返回

            return false;
        }
        
        for (var i = 0,fn;fn=fns[i++];){
            fn.apply(this,arguments); //arguments  是发布消息时带上的参数
        }
    };

//测试例子
    salesoffice.listen('squareMeter88',function (price) {   //小明订阅消息
        console.log("价格=" + price );
    });


    salesoffice.listen('squareMeter110',function (price) {   //小红订阅消息
        console.log("价格=" + price );
    });

    salesoffice.trigger('squareMeter88',2000000);
    salesoffice.trigger('squareMeter110',3000000);

通用实现


    //通用实现

    var event = {
        clientList:[],
        listen : function (key,fn) {
            if(!this.clientList[ key ]){
                this.clientList[ key ] = [];
            }
            this.clientList[key].push(fn);
        },
        trigger:function () {
            var key = Array.prototype.shift.call(arguments),

                fns = this.clientList[ key ];

            if(!fns || fns.length===0){
                return false;
            }

            for (var i=0,fn;fn = fns[i++];){
                fn.apply(this,arguments);
            }
        }
    };

    //在定义一个instalEvent 函数,这个函数可以给所有的对象都动态安装发布订阅模式

    var installEvent = function (obj) {
        for (var i in event){
            obj[i] = event[i];
        }
    }

    var salesOffices = {};

    installEvent(salesOffices);

    salesOffices.listen('squareMeter88',function (price) {   //小明订阅消息
            console.log("价格=" + price );
        });


    salesOffices.listen('squareMeter110',function (price) {   //小红订阅消息
            console.log("价格=" + price );
        });

    salesOffices.trigger('squareMeter88',2000000);
    salesOffices.trigger('squareMeter110',3000000);


    //取消订阅事件

    event.remove = function (key,fn) {
        var fns = this.clientList[ key ];

        if( !fns ){ //如果key对应的消息没有被人订阅,则直接返回
            return false;
        }
        if( !fn ){ //如果传入的具体的回调函数,表示需要取消key对应消息的所有订阅
            fns && (fns.length=0);
        }else{
            for (var l = fns.length - 1;l >=0;l--){
                var _fn = fns[l];
                if(_fn === fn){
                    fns.splice(l,1); //删除订阅者的回调函数
                }
            }
        }
    }

    var salesOffices = {};

    installEvent(salesOffices);

    salesOffices.listen('squareMeter88',fn1 = function (price) {   //小明订阅消息
        console.log("价格=" + price );
    });


    salesOffices.listen('squareMeter110',fn2 = function (price) {   //小红订阅消息
        console.log("价格=" + price );
    });

    salesOffices.remove('squareMeter88',fn1); //删除小明的订阅
    salesOffices.trigger('squareMeter110',2000000);

全局的发布--订阅对象

        //全局的发布--订阅对象

    var Event = (function () {

        var clientList = {},
            listen,
            trigger,
            remove;

        listen = function (key,fn) {
            if(!clientList[key]){
                clientList[key]=[];
            }
            clientList[key].push(fn);
        };

        trigger = function () {
            var key = Array.prototype.shift.call(arguments),
                fns = clientList[key];
            if(!fns || fns.length===0){
                return false;
            }

            for (var i =0,fn;fn=fns[i++];){
                fn.apply(this,arguments);
            }

        };
        
        remove = function (key,fn) {
            var fns = clientList[key];
            if(!fns){
                return false
            }

            if(!fn){
                fns && (fns.length=0);
            }else{
                for (var l=fns.length-1;l>=0;l--){
                    var _fn = fns[l];
                    if(_fn===fn){
                        fns.splice(l,1);
                    }
                }
            }
        };
        return {
            listen:listen,
            trigger:trigger,
            remove:remove,
        }
    })();

    Event.listen('squareMeter88',function (price) {
        console.log("价额="+price);
    });

    Event.trigger('squareMeter88',2000000);

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