OpenCV哈里斯(Harris)角点检测的实现

环境

pip install opencv-python==3.4.2.16
 
pip install opencv-contrib-python==3.4.2.16

理论

克里斯·哈里斯Chris Harris)和迈克·史蒂芬斯(Mike Stephens)在1988年的论文《组合式拐角和边缘检测器》中做了一次尝试找到这些拐角的尝试,所以现在将其称为哈里斯拐角检测器。

函数:cv2.cornerHarris()cv2.cornerSubPix()

示例代码

import cv2
import numpy as np
 
filename = 'molecule.png'
img = cv2.imread(filename)
gray = cv2.cvtColor(img,cv2.COLOR_BGR2GRAY)
 
gray = np.float32(gray)
dst = cv2.cornerHarris(gray,2,3,0.04)
 
#result is dilated for marking the corners, not important
dst = cv2.dilate(dst,None)
 
# Threshold for an optimal value, it may vary depending on the image.
img[dst>0.01*dst.max()]=[0,0,255]
 
cv2.imshow('dst',img)
if cv2.waitKey(0) & 0xff == 27:
  cv2.destroyAllWindows()

原图

OpenCV哈里斯(Harris)角点检测的实现_第1张图片

输出图

OpenCV哈里斯(Harris)角点检测的实现_第2张图片

SubPixel精度的角落

import cv2
import numpy as np
 
filename = 'molecule.png'
img = cv2.imread(filename)
gray = cv2.cvtColor(img,cv2.COLOR_BGR2GRAY)
 
# find Harris corners
gray = np.float32(gray)
dst = cv2.cornerHarris(gray,2,3,0.04)
dst = cv2.dilate(dst,None)
ret, dst = cv2.threshold(dst,0.01*dst.max(),255,0)
dst = np.uint8(dst)
 
# find centroids
ret, labels, stats, centroids = cv2.connectedComponentsWithStats(dst)
 
# define the criteria to stop and refine the corners
criteria = (cv2.TERM_CRITERIA_EPS + cv2.TERM_CRITERIA_MAX_ITER, 100, 0.001)
corners = cv2.cornerSubPix(gray,np.float32(centroids),(5,5),(-1,-1),criteria)
 
# Now draw them
res = np.hstack((centroids,corners))
res = np.int0(res)
img[res[:,1],res[:,0]]=[0,0,255]
img[res[:,3],res[:,2]] = [0,255,0]
 
cv2.imwrite('subpixel5.png',img)

输出图

OpenCV哈里斯(Harris)角点检测的实现_第3张图片

参考

https://opencv-python-tutroals.readthedocs.io/en/latest/py_tutorials/py_feature2d/py_features_harris/py_features_harris.html#harris-corners

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