深入Spring Boot:怎样排查 Cannot determine embedded database driver class for database type NONE

写在前面
这个demo来说明怎么一步步排查一个常见的spring boot AutoConfiguration的错误。

https://github.com/hengyunabc/spring-boot-inside/tree/master/demo-database-type-NONE

调试排查 Cannot determine embedded database driver class for database type NONE 的错误
把工程导入IDE里,直接启动应用,抛出来的异常信息是:


Error starting ApplicationContext. To display the auto-configuration report re-run your application with 'debug' enabled.
2017-11-29 14:26:34.478 ERROR 29736 --- [ main] o.s.b.d.LoggingFailureAnalysisReporter :

***************************
APPLICATION FAILED TO START
***************************

Description:

Cannot determine embedded database driver class for database type NONE

Action:

If you want an embedded database please put a supported one on the classpath. If you have database settings to be loaded from a particular profile you may need to active it (no profiles are currently active).


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其实这时有两个思路,直接google搜索Cannot determine embedded database driver class for database type NONE,就可以找到解决办法。

第二种方式,仔细查看日志内容,可以发现有To display the auto-configuration report re-run your application with 'debug' enabled.。

搜索下这个,就可以在spring的官方网站上找到相关的信息:https://docs.spring.io/spring-boot/docs/current/reference/html/using-boot-auto-configuration.html

就是用户只要配置了debug这个开关,就会把auto-configuration 相关的信息打印出来。

熟悉spring的环境变量注入的话,就可以知道有几种打开这个的方式:

在args里增加--debug
在application.properties里增加debug=true
通过-Ddebug=true
增加debug开关之后的信息
增加debug开关之后,可以看到打印出了错误堆栈:

2017-11-29 14:33:08.776 DEBUG 29907 --- [ main] o.s.b.d.LoggingFailureAnalysisReporter : Application failed to start due to an exception

org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.jdbc.DataSourceProperties$DataSourceBeanCreationException: Cannot determine embedded database driver class for database type NONE. If you want an embedded database please put a supported one on the classpath. If you have database settings to be loaded from a particular profile you may need to active it (no profiles are currently active).
at org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.jdbc.DataSourceProperties.determineDriverClassName(DataSourceProperties.java:245) ~[spring-boot-autoconfigure-1.4.7.RELEASE.jar:1.4.7.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.jdbc.DataSourceProperties.initializeDataSourceBuilder(DataSourceProperties.java:182) ~[spring-boot-autoconfigure-1.4.7.RELEASE.jar:1.4.7.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.jdbc.DataSourceConfiguration.createDataSource(DataSourceConfiguration.java:42) ~[spring-boot-autoconfigure-1.4.7.RELEASE.jar:1.4.7.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.jdbc.DataSourceConfiguration$Tomcat.dataSource(DataSourceConfiguration.java:53) ~[spring-boot-autoconfigure-1.4.7.RELEASE.jar:1.4.7.RELEASE]
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method) ~[na:1.8.0_112]
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抛出异常的代码是:

/**
* Determine the driver to use based on this configuration and the environment.
* @return the driver to use
* @since 1.4.0
*/
public String determineDriverClassName() {
if (StringUtils.hasText(this.driverClassName)) {
Assert.state(driverClassIsLoadable(),
"Cannot load driver class: " + this.driverClassName);
return this.driverClassName;
}
String driverClassName = null;

if (StringUtils.hasText(this.url)) {
driverClassName = DatabaseDriver.fromJdbcUrl(this.url).getDriverClassName();
}

if (!StringUtils.hasText(driverClassName)) {
driverClassName = this.embeddedDatabaseConnection.getDriverClassName();
}

if (!StringUtils.hasText(driverClassName)) {
throw new DataSourceBeanCreationException(this.embeddedDatabaseConnection,
this.environment, "driver class");
}
return driverClassName;
}
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可以看出来是没有找到 DataSource 的driver class,然后抛出了 DataSourceBeanCreationException。

那么一种解决办法是,在maven依赖里加入一些 DataSource driver class。

但是应用自己的代码里并没有使用DataSource,哪里导致spring boot要创建一个DataSource对象?

哪里导致spring boot要创建DataSource
从异常栈上,可以找到DataSourceConfiguration$Tomcat 这个类,那么查找下它的引用,可以发现它是被org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.jdbc.DataSourceAutoConfiguration.PooledDataSourceConfiguration import引入的。

@Configuration
@Conditional(PooledDataSourceCondition.class)
@ConditionalOnMissingBean({ DataSource.class, XADataSource.class })
@Import({ DataSourceConfiguration.Tomcat.class, DataSourceConfiguration.Hikari.class,
DataSourceConfiguration.Dbcp.class, DataSourceConfiguration.Dbcp2.class,
DataSourceConfiguration.Generic.class })
protected static class PooledDataSourceConfiguration {

}
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那么 PooledDataSourceConfiguration 是怎么生效的呢?从代码上可以看到@Conditional(PooledDataSourceCondition.class)。

那么再看PooledDataSourceCondition的具体实现:

/**
* {@link AnyNestedCondition} that checks that either {@code spring.datasource.type}
* is set or {@link PooledDataSourceAvailableCondition} applies.
*/
static class PooledDataSourceCondition extends AnyNestedCondition {

PooledDataSourceCondition() {
super(ConfigurationPhase.PARSE_CONFIGURATION);
}

@ConditionalOnProperty(prefix = "spring.datasource", name = "type")
static class ExplicitType {

}

@Conditional(PooledDataSourceAvailableCondition.class)
static class PooledDataSourceAvailable {

}

}
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PooledDataSourceCondition引入了@Conditional(PooledDataSourceAvailableCondition.class) :

/**
* {@link Condition} to test if a supported connection pool is available.
*/
static class PooledDataSourceAvailableCondition extends SpringBootCondition {

@Override
public ConditionOutcome getMatchOutcome(ConditionContext context,
AnnotatedTypeMetadata metadata) {
ConditionMessage.Builder message = ConditionMessage
.forCondition("PooledDataSource");
if (getDataSourceClassLoader(context) != null) {
return ConditionOutcome
.match(message.foundExactly("supported DataSource"));
}
return ConditionOutcome
.noMatch(message.didNotFind("supported DataSource").atAll());
}

/**
* Returns the class loader for the {@link DataSource} class. Used to ensure that
* the driver class can actually be loaded by the data source.
* @param context the condition context
* @return the class loader
*/
private ClassLoader getDataSourceClassLoader(ConditionContext context) {
Class dataSourceClass = new DataSourceBuilder(context.getClassLoader())
.findType();
return (dataSourceClass == null ? null : dataSourceClass.getClassLoader());
}

}
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从代码里,可以看到是尝试查找dataSourceClass,如果找到,条件就成立。那么debug下,可以发现查找到的dataSourceClass是:org.apache.tomcat.jdbc.pool.DataSource 。

那么再看下org.apache.tomcat.jdbc.pool.DataSource这个类是从哪里来的呢?

从maven依赖树可以看到,依赖是来自:spring-boot-starter-jdbc。所以是应用依赖了spring-boot-starter-jdbc,但是并没有配置DataSource引起的问题。

问题解决办法
有两种:

没有使用到DataSource,则可以把spring-boot-starter-jdbc的依赖去掉,这样就不会触发spring boot相关的代码
把spring boot自动初始化DataSource相关的代码禁止掉
禁止的办法有两种:

在main函数上配置exclude

@SpringBootApplication(exclude = { DataSourceAutoConfiguration.class, DataSourceTransactionManagerAutoConfiguration.class })
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在application.properties里配置:

spring.autoconfigure.exclude=org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.jdbc.DataSourceAutoConfiguration,org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.jdbc.DataSourceTransactionManagerAutoConfiguration
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总结
应用没有使用到DataSource,但是在pom.xml里引入了spring-boot-starter-jdbc
spring-boot-starter-jdbc带入了tomcat-jdbc,它里面有org.apache.tomcat.jdbc.pool.DataSource
spring boot里的PooledDataSourceConfiguration,判断classpath下面有DataSource的实现类,尝试去创建DataSource bean
在初始化DataSourceProperties时,尝试通过jdbc的url来探测driver class
因为应用并没有配置url,所以最终在DataSourceProperties.determineDriverClassName()里抛出Cannot determine embedded database driver class for database type NONE
最后:

排查spring boot的AutoConfiguration问题时,可以按异常栈,一层层排查Configuration是怎么引入的,再排查Condition具体的判断代码。

原文链接:https://blog.csdn.net/hengyunabc/article/details/78762097

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