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mongo的初体验

发表于: 2009-12-04   作者:canofy   来源:转载   浏览:
摘要: 首先在mongo官网下载Windows的版本 启动服务:mongod.exe --port 12345 --dbpath=c:\mongodb\db 显示一下信息: Fri Dec 04 14:30:32 Mongo DB : starting : pid = 0 port = 12345 dbpath = c:\mongo db\db master = 0 slave = 0&nbs
首先在mongo官网下载Windows的版本

启动服务:mongod.exe --port 12345 --dbpath=c:\mongodb\db
显示一下信息:
Fri Dec 04 14:30:32 Mongo DB : starting : pid = 0 port = 12345 dbpath = c:\mongo
db\db master = 0 slave = 0  32-bit

** NOTE: when using MongoDB 32 bit, you are limited to about 2 gigabytes of data

**       see http://blog.mongodb.org/post/137788967/32-bit-limitations for more

Fri Dec 04 14:30:32 db version v1.1.4-, pdfile version 4.5
Fri Dec 04 14:30:32 git version: c67c2f7dd681152f1784c8e1c2119b979e65881d
Fri Dec 04 14:30:32 sys info: windows (5, 1, 2600, 2, 'Service Pack 3') BOOST_LI
B_VERSION=1_35
Fri Dec 04 14:30:32 waiting for connections on port 12345


启动客户端:mongo.exe localhost:12345

检查是否正常:db.foo.save({a:1,b:9})
     db.foo.find({a:1})
控制台显示:{ "_id" : ObjectId("4b18b5b56f40000000006cec"), "a" : 1, "b" : 9 }


添加数据:db.foo.save({a:1,b:9})

查询数据:db.foo.find({a:1})  //{a:1}是查询条件,当为空时查询所有
  db.foo.findOne({a:1}) //显示出一条数据

删除数据:db.foo.remove({a:1}) //删除a=1的数据

表的数据量:db.foo.find().count()

显示数据指定的条数:db.foo.find().limit(n)

显示库名:db.foo.getDB()

获取索引值:db.foo.getIndexes()

表的统计:db.foo.stats()

删除表:db.foo.drop()

获取不重复的列:db.foo.distinct( key ) - eg. db.foo.distinct( 'x' )

忽略前面的几行:db.other.find({a:2}).skip(2)//忽略a=2中的前面2行

方法帮助:db.foo.help()


HELP
        show dbs                     show database names
        show collections             show collections in current database
        show users                   show users in current database
        show profile                 show most recent system.profile entries with time >= 1ms
        use <db name>                set curent database to <db name>
        db.help()                    help on DB methods
        db.foo.help()                help on collection methods
        db.foo.find()                list objects in collection foo
        db.foo.find( { a : 1 } )     list objects in foo where a == 1
        it                           result of the last line evaluated; use to further iterate


DB methods:
        db.addUser(username, password)
        db.auth(username, password)
        db.cloneDatabase(fromhost)
        db.commandHelp(name) returns the help for the command
        db.copyDatabase(fromdb, todb, fromhost)
        db.createCollection(name, { size : ..., capped : ..., max : ... } )
        db.currentOp() displays the current operation in the db
        db.dropDatabase()
        db.eval(func, args) run code server-side
        db.getCollection(cname) same as db['cname'] or db.cname
        db.getCollectionNames()
        db.getLastError() - just returns the err msg string
        db.getLastErrorObj() - return full status object
        db.getMongo() get the server connection object
        db.getMongo().setSlaveOk() allow this connection to read from the nonmaster member of a replica pair
        db.getName()
        db.getPrevError()
        db.getProfilingLevel()
        db.getReplicationInfo()
        db.getSisterDB(name) get the db at the same server as this onew
        db.killOp() kills the current operation in the db
        db.printCollectionStats()
        db.printReplicationInfo()
        db.printSlaveReplicationInfo()
        db.printShardingStatus()
        db.removeUser(username)
        db.repairDatabase()
        db.resetError()
        db.runCommand(cmdObj) run a database command.  if cmdObj is a string, turns it into { cmdObj : 1 }
        db.setProfilingLevel(level) 0=off 1=slow 2=all
        db.shutdownServer()
        db.version() current version of the server

DBCollection help
        db.foo.count()
        db.foo.dataSize()
        db.foo.distinct( key ) - eg. db.foo.distinct( 'x' )
        db.foo.drop() drop the collection
        db.foo.dropIndex(name)
        db.foo.dropIndexes()
        db.foo.ensureIndex(keypattern,options) - options should be an object with these possible fields: name, unique, dropDups
        db.foo.find( [query] , [fields]) - first parameter is an optional queryfilter. second parameter is optional set of fields to return.  e.g. db.foo.find( { x : 77 } , { name : 1 , x : 1 } )
        db.foo.find(...).count()
        db.foo.find(...).limit(n)
        db.foo.find(...).skip(n)
        db.foo.find(...).sort(...)
        db.foo.findOne([query])
        db.foo.getDB() get DB object associated with collection
        db.foo.getIndexes()
        db.foo.group( { key : ..., initial: ..., reduce : ...[, cond: ...] } )
        db.foo.mapReduce( mapFunction , reduceFunction , <optional params> )
        db.foo.remove(query)
        db.foo.renameCollection( newName ) renames the collection
        db.foo.save(obj)
        db.foo.stats()
        db.foo.storageSize() - includes free space allocated to this collection
        db.foo.totalIndexSize() - size in bytes of all the indexes
        db.foo.totalSize() - storage allocated for all data and indexes
        db.foo.update(query, object[, upsert_bool])
        db.foo.validate() - SLOW
        db.foo.getShardVersion() - only for use with sharding

mongo的初体验

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