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XSS跨站漏洞修复

发表于: 2016-07-08   作者:ahomeeye   来源:转载   浏览:
摘要: 避免XSS跨站漏洞的方法之一主要是将用户所提交的内容输入输出进行过滤,包括请求路径过滤与参数过滤。这里,我写一个过滤器专门处理XSS跨站漏洞,思路是将带有非法字符的请求转发到一个指定页面,将参数的非法字符过滤去除。过滤器代码如下: packagecom.eshore.itmp.model.web.security; importjava.io.IOException; importjav
避免XSS跨站漏洞的方法之一主要是将用户所提交的内容输入输出进行过滤,包括请求路径过滤与参数过滤。这里,我写一个过滤器专门处理XSS跨站漏洞,思路是将带有非法字符的请求转发到一个指定页面,将参数的非法字符过滤去除。

过滤器代码如下:
package com.eshore.itmp.model.web.security;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.UnsupportedEncodingException;
import java.net.URLDecoder;
import java.util.regex.Pattern;

import javax.servlet.FilterChain;
import javax.servlet.RequestDispatcher;
import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;

import org.apache.commons.logging.Log;
import org.apache.commons.logging.LogFactory;
import org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter;

/**
 * XSS漏洞过滤器
 * 
 * @author ahomeeye
 * 
 */
public class XssFilter extends OncePerRequestFilter {
	private static Log logger = LogFactory.getLog(XssFilter.class);
	private String forwardUrl = "/login.jsp";

	@Override
	protected void doFilterInternal(HttpServletRequest req,
			HttpServletResponse res, FilterChain filterChain)
			throws ServletException, IOException {
		String uri = req.getRequestURI();
		logger.info("-------uri=" + uri);

		// 过滤请求的参数名和参数值
		XssHttpServletRequestWrapper xssRequest = new XssHttpServletRequestWrapper(
				(HttpServletRequest) req);

		if (uri.contains("j_spring_security_check") && isContainSpecialChar(uri)) {// 判断uri是否合法
			logger.info("-------uri包含特殊字符 uri=" + xssRequest.getRequestURI());
			RequestDispatcher dispatcher = xssRequest
					.getRequestDispatcher(forwardUrl);
			dispatcher.forward(xssRequest, res);
		} else {
			filterChain.doFilter(xssRequest, res);// 执行其他过滤操作
		}

	}

	/**
	 * 判断字符串是否包含特殊字符
	 * 
	 * @param strVal
	 * @return
	 */
	public boolean isContainSpecialChar(String value) {
		String strVal = "";
		try {
			strVal = URLDecoder.decode(value, "UTF-8");
		} catch (UnsupportedEncodingException e) {
			logger.error("URL解码错误", e);
		}
		boolean flag = false;
		if (match(".*?<script\\b.*?>*?</script>.*?", strVal)) {// //匹配js脚本字符串
			flag = true;
		} else if (match(".*?<.*?>.*?", strVal)) {// 匹配html标签字符串
			flag = true;
		}
		return flag;
	}

	/**
	 * 匹配正则表达式,大小写不敏感
	 * 
	 * @param regex
	 * @param input
	 * @return
	 */
	public boolean match(String regex, CharSequence input) {
		Pattern p = Pattern.compile(regex, Pattern.CASE_INSENSITIVE);
		return p.matcher(input).matches();
	}

	public String getForwardUrl() {
		return forwardUrl;
	}

	public void setForwardUrl(String forwardUrl) {
		this.forwardUrl = forwardUrl;
	}

}

在xml文件中声明过滤器,配置过滤器链
	<beans:bean id="xssFilter" class="com.eshore.itmp.model.web.security.XssFilter" p:forwardUrl="/login.jsp">
	</beans:bean>
<beans:bean id="springSecurityFilterChain" class="org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy">
		<filter-chain-map path-type="ant">
			<filter-chain pattern="/kaptcha.validate" filters="none" />
			<filter-chain pattern="/services/**" filters="none" />
			<filter-chain pattern="/media/**" filters="none" />
			<filter-chain pattern="/css/**" filters="none" />
			<filter-chain pattern="/images/**" filters="none" />
			<filter-chain pattern="/js/**" filters="none" />
			<filter-chain pattern="/page/**" filters="none" />
			<filter-chain pattern="/My97DatePicker/**" filters="none" />
			<filter-chain pattern="/login.jsp" filters="none" />
			<filter-chain pattern="/phytopo/**" filters="none" />
			<filter-chain pattern="/relationView/**" filters="none" />
			<!-- add -->
			<filter-chain pattern="/oaLogin.do" filters="none" />
			<filter-chain pattern="/selection/**" filters="none" />
			<filter-chain pattern="/entity/**" filters="none" />
			<filter-chain pattern="/upload/**" filters="none" />

			<filter-chain pattern="/assessmentKpi/getExcelData.do**" filters="none" />

			<!-- add -->
			<filter-chain pattern="/logoutSuccess.jsp" filters="none" />
			<filter-chain pattern="/**" filters="
				xssFilter,
				securityContextPersistenceFilter,
				logoutFilter,
				usernamePasswordAuthenticationFilter,
				anonymousAuthenticationFilter,
				exceptionTranslationFilter,
				itmpCustomInterceptor,
				sysLogFilter" />
		</filter-chain-map>
	</beans:bean>


重写HttpServletRequest,覆盖一些方法
package com.eshore.itmp.model.web.security;

import java.io.UnsupportedEncodingException;
import java.net.URLDecoder;
import java.util.regex.Pattern;

import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequestWrapper;

/**
 * 请求参数过滤器(修复跨站脚本漏洞)
 * 
 * @author ahomeeye
 * 
 */
public class XssHttpServletRequestWrapper extends HttpServletRequestWrapper {

	HttpServletRequest orgRequest = null;

	public XssHttpServletRequestWrapper(HttpServletRequest request) {
		super(request);
		orgRequest = request;
	}

	/**
	 * 覆盖getParameter方法,将参数名和参数值都做xss过滤。<br/>
	 * 如果需要获得原始的值,则通过super.getParameterValues(name)来获取<br/>
	 * getParameterNames,getParameterValues和getParameterMap也可能需要覆盖
	 */
	@Override
	public String getParameter(String name) {
		String value = super.getParameter(xssEncode(name));
		if (value != null) {
			value = xssEncode(value);
		}

		return value;
	}

	@Override
	public Object getAttribute(String name) {
		Object value = super.getAttribute(xssEncode(name));
		if (value instanceof String) {
			return xssEncode(value.toString());
		}

		return value;
	}

	/**
	 * 覆盖getHeader方法,将参数名和参数值都做xss过滤。<br/>
	 * 如果需要获得原始的值,则通过super.getHeaders(name)来获取<br/>
	 * getHeaderNames 也可能需要覆盖
	 */
	@Override
	public String getHeader(String name) {

		String value = super.getHeader(xssEncode(name));
		if (value != null) {
			value = xssEncode(value);
		}
		return value;
	}

	@Override
	public String getRequestURI() {

		String strVal = "";
		try {
			strVal = URLDecoder.decode(super.getRequestURI(), "UTF-8");
		} catch (UnsupportedEncodingException e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		}

		String value = xssEncode(strVal);
		if (value != null) {
			value = xssEncode(value);
		}

		return value;
	}

	public String escape(String s) {
		StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder(s.length() + 16);
		for (int i = 0; i < s.length(); i++) {
			char c = s.charAt(i);
			switch (c) {
			case '>':
				sb.append('>');// 全角大于号
				break;
			case '<':
				sb.append('<');// 全角小于号
				break;
			case '\'':
				sb.append('‘');// 全角单引号
				break;
			case '\"':
				sb.append('“');// 全角双引号
				break;
			case '\\':
				sb.append('\');// 全角斜线
				break;
			case '%':
				sb.append('%'); // 全角冒号
				break;
			case ';':
				sb.append(';'); // 全角分号
				break;
			default:
				sb.append(c);
				break;
			}

		}
		return sb.toString();
	}

	/**
	 * 将容易引起xss漏洞的半角字符直接替换成全角字符
	 * 
	 * @param s
	 * @return
	 */
	public String xssEncode(String s) {
		if (s == null || s.isEmpty()) {
			return s;
		}

		String result = stripXSS(s);
		if (null != result) {
			result = escape(result);
		}

		return result;
	}

	private String stripXSS(String value) {
		if (value != null) {
			// NOTE: It's highly recommended to use the ESAPI library and
			// uncomment the following line to
			// avoid encoded attacks.
			// value = ESAPI.encoder().canonicalize(value);
			// Avoid null characters
			value = value.replaceAll("", "");
			// Avoid anything between script tags
			Pattern scriptPattern = Pattern.compile("<script>(.*?)</script>",
					Pattern.CASE_INSENSITIVE);

			value = scriptPattern.matcher(value).replaceAll("");
			// Avoid anything in a src='...' type of expression
			scriptPattern = Pattern.compile("src[\r\n]*=[\r\n]*\\\'(.*?)\\\'",
					Pattern.CASE_INSENSITIVE | Pattern.MULTILINE
							| Pattern.DOTALL);
			value = scriptPattern.matcher(value).replaceAll("");
			scriptPattern = Pattern.compile("src[\r\n]*=[\r\n]*\\\"(.*?)\\\"",
					Pattern.CASE_INSENSITIVE | Pattern.MULTILINE
							| Pattern.DOTALL);
			value = scriptPattern.matcher(value).replaceAll("");
			// Remove any lonesome </script> tag
			scriptPattern = Pattern.compile("</script>",
					Pattern.CASE_INSENSITIVE);
			value = scriptPattern.matcher(value).replaceAll("");
			// Remove any lonesome <script ...> tag
			scriptPattern = Pattern.compile("<script(.*?)>",
					Pattern.CASE_INSENSITIVE | Pattern.MULTILINE
							| Pattern.DOTALL);
			value = scriptPattern.matcher(value).replaceAll("");
			// Avoid eval(...) expressions
			scriptPattern = Pattern.compile("eval\\((.*?)\\)",
					Pattern.CASE_INSENSITIVE | Pattern.MULTILINE
							| Pattern.DOTALL);
			value = scriptPattern.matcher(value).replaceAll("");
			// Avoid expression(...) expressions
			scriptPattern = Pattern.compile("expression\\((.*?)\\)",
					Pattern.CASE_INSENSITIVE | Pattern.MULTILINE
							| Pattern.DOTALL);
			value = scriptPattern.matcher(value).replaceAll("");
			// Avoid javascript:... expressions
			scriptPattern = Pattern.compile("javascript:",
					Pattern.CASE_INSENSITIVE);
			value = scriptPattern.matcher(value).replaceAll("");
			// Avoid vbscript:... expressions
			scriptPattern = Pattern.compile("vbscript:",
					Pattern.CASE_INSENSITIVE);
			value = scriptPattern.matcher(value).replaceAll("");
			// Avoid onload= expressions
			scriptPattern = Pattern.compile("onload(.*?)=",
					Pattern.CASE_INSENSITIVE | Pattern.MULTILINE
							| Pattern.DOTALL);
			value = scriptPattern.matcher(value).replaceAll("");

			scriptPattern = Pattern.compile("<iframe>(.*?)</iframe>",
					Pattern.CASE_INSENSITIVE);
			value = scriptPattern.matcher(value).replaceAll("");

			scriptPattern = Pattern.compile("</iframe>",
					Pattern.CASE_INSENSITIVE);
			value = scriptPattern.matcher(value).replaceAll("");

			// Remove any lonesome <script ...> tag
			scriptPattern = Pattern.compile("<iframe(.*?)>",
					Pattern.CASE_INSENSITIVE | Pattern.MULTILINE
							| Pattern.DOTALL);
			value = scriptPattern.matcher(value).replaceAll("");
			value = value.replace(";", "");
			value = value.replace("<", "");
			value = value.replace(">", "");
		}
		return value;
	}

	/**
	 * 获取最原始的request
	 * 
	 * @return
	 */
	public HttpServletRequest getOrgRequest() {
		return orgRequest;
	}

	@Override
	public HttpServletRequest getRequest() {
		return orgRequest;
	}

	/**
	 * 获取最原始的request的静态方法
	 * 
	 * @return
	 */
	public static HttpServletRequest getOrgRequest(HttpServletRequest req) {
		if (req instanceof XssHttpServletRequestWrapper) {
			return ((XssHttpServletRequestWrapper) req).getOrgRequest();
		}

		return req;
	}

}


最后,给个页面表单例子:
<script type="text/javascript">
		function setPass(originId,decId){
			var orginName = window.parent.document.getElementById('orginName').value;
			var newName = strEnc(orginName,'itmp','des','encrypt');
			window.parent.document.getElementById('userId').value = newName;
			
			var orginPass = window.parent.document.getElementById(originId).value;
			var newPass = strEnc(orginPass,'itmp','des','encrypt');
			//alert('newPass=' + newPass + ' pass='+strDec(newPass,'itmp','des','encrypt'));
			window.parent.document.getElementById(decId).value = newPass;
		}
	</script>

<form id="form" name="form" action="${ctx}/j_spring_security_check" method="post">
	<table width="100%" border="0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0">
 	 <tr>
     	<td width="20%" height="10" class="black14" align="center" valign="middle"></td>
     	<td colspan="2" align="left">
        	<div class="error${param.error==true?'':'hide'}" style="color:red;">
		${sessionScope['SPRING_SECURITY_LAST_EXCEPTION'].message}
		</div>
    	</td>
    </tr>
   <tr>
     <td width="20%" height="35" class="black14">用户名</td>
     <td colspan="2" align="left"><label >
       <input type="text" id="orginName" value="${sessionScope['SPRING_SECURITY_LAST_USERNAME']}" class="input" />
       <input type="hidden" id="userId" name="j_username" value="" class="input"/>
     </label></td>
   </tr>
   <tr>
     <td height="35" class="black14">密&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;码</td>
     <td colspan="2" align="left"><label >
       <input type="password" id="orginPass" class="input" onblur="setPass('orginPass','password');"/>
       <input type="hidden" name="j_password" id="password" class="input"/>
     </label></td>
   </tr>
   <tr>
     <td height="35" class="black14">验证码</td>
     <td width="37%" align="left"><label>
       <input type="text" name="validateCode" class="input2"/>
     </label></td>
     <td width="43%" align="left">
     	<img onclick="this.src='kaptcha.validate'" src="kaptcha.validate" width="77" height="28" />
     </td>
   </tr>
   <tr>
     <td height="93" colspan="3" align="center">
     	<a href="#">
     		<input type="image" src="${ctx}/css/remake/images/button_login.gif" width="111" height="36" border="0" />
     	</a>
     </td>
   </tr>
 </table>
</form>


参考网址:
http://yunjiechao-163-com.iteye.com/blog/1973803
http://www.cnblogs.com/wuhuacong/archive/2013/04/15/3022011.html

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