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clojure defn的参数解构

发表于: 2013-04-16   作者:Aaron5   来源:转载   浏览:
摘要: In Clojure 1.2, you can destructure the rest argument just like you would destructure a map. This means you can do named non-positional keyword arguments. Here is an example: user> (defn blah
In Clojure 1.2, you can destructure the rest argument just like you would destructure a map. This means you can do named non-positional keyword arguments. Here is an example:

user> (defn blah [& {:keys [key1 key2 key3]}] (str key1 key2 key3))
#'user/blah
user> (blah :key1 "Hai" :key2 " there" :key3 10)
"Hai there10"
user> (blah :key1 "Hai" :key2 " there")
"Hai there"
user> (defn blah [& {:keys [key1 key2 key3] :as everything}] everything)
#'user/blah
user> (blah :key1 "Hai" :key2 " there")
{:key2 " there", :key1 "Hai"}
Anything you can do while destructuring a Clojure map can be done in a function's argument list as shown above. Including using :or to define defaults for the arguments like this:

user> (defn blah [& {:keys [key1 key2 key3] :or {key3 10}}] (str key1 key2 key3))
#'user/blah
user> (blah :key1 "Hai" :key2 " there")
"Hai there10"
But this is in Clojure 1.2. Alternatively, in older versions, you can do this to simulate the same thing:

user> (defn blah [& rest] (let [{:keys [key1 key2 key3] :or {key3 10}} (apply hash-map rest)] (str key1 key2 key3)))
#'user/blah
user> (blah :key1 "Hai" :key2 " there")
"Hai there10"
and that works generally the same way.

And you can also have positional arguments that come before the keyword arguments:

user> (defn blah [x y & {:keys [key1 key2 key3] :or {key3 10}}] (str x y key1 key2 key3))
#'user/blah
user> (blah "x" "Y" :key1 "Hai" :key2 " there")
"xYHai there10"
These are not optional and have to be provided.

You can actually destructure the rest argument like you would any Clojure collection.

user> (defn blah [& [one two & more]] (str one two "and the rest: " more))
#'user/blah
user> (blah 1 2 "ressssssst")
"12and the rest: (\"ressssssst\")"
You can do this sort of thing even in Clojure 1.1. The map-style destructuring for keyword arguments only came in 1.2 though.

clojure defn的参数解构

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