当前位置:首页 > 开发 > 开源软件 > 正文

apacheBench对网站进行压力测试

发表于: 2015-03-28   作者:dcj3sjt126com   来源:转载   浏览:
摘要:    ab 的全称是 ApacheBench , 是 Apache 附带的一个小工具 , 专门用于 HTTP Server 的 benchmark testing , 可以同时模拟多个并发请求。前段时间看到公司的开发人员也在用它作一些测试,看起来也不错,很简单,也很容易使用,所以今天花一点时间看了一下。 通过下面的一个简单的例子和注释,相信大家可以更容易理解这个工具的使用。

   ab 的全称是 ApacheBench , 是 Apache 附带的一个小工具 , 专门用于 HTTP Server 的 benchmark testing , 可以同时模拟多个并发请求。前段时间看到公司的开发人员也在用它作一些测试,看起来也不错,很简单,也很容易使用,所以今天花一点时间看了一下。

通过下面的一个简单的例子和注释,相信大家可以更容易理解这个工具的使用。

一个简单的例子

/* 在这个例子的一开始,我执行了这样一个命令 ab -n 10 -c 10 http://www.google.com/  这个命令的意思是启动 ab ,向 www.google.com 发送10个请求(-n 10)   ,并每次发送10个请求 (-c 10)——也就是说一次都发过去了 。跟着下面的是 ab 输出的测试报告,红色部分是我添加的注释。 */

C:\Program Files\Apache Software Foundation\Apache2.2\bin>ab -n 10 -c 10 http

://www.google.com/

This is ApacheBench, Version 2.0.40-dev <$Revision: 1.146 $> apache-2.0

Copyright 1996 Adam Twiss, Zeus Technology Ltd, http://www.zeustech.net/

Copyright 1997-2005 The Apache Software Foundation, http://www.apache.org/

 

Benchmarking www.google.com (be patient).....done

 

 

Server Software:        GWS/2.1

Server Hostname:        www.google.com

Server Port:            80

 

Document Path:          /

Document Length:        230 bytes

 

Concurrency Level:      10

/* 整个测试持续的时间 * /

Time taken for tests:   3.234651 seconds

/* 完成的请求数量 */

Complete requests:      10

/* 失败的请求数量 */

Failed requests:        0

Write errors:           0

Non-2xx responses:      10

Keep-Alive requests:    10

/* 整个场景中的网络传输量 */

Total transferred:      6020 bytes

/* 整个场景中的 HTML 内容传输量 */

HTML transferred:       2300 bytes

/* 大家最关心的指标之一,相当于 LR 中的 每秒事务数 ,后面括号中的 mean 表示这是一个平均值 */

Requests per second:    3.09 [#/sec] (mean)

/* 大家最关心的指标之二,相当于 LR 中的 平均事务响应时间 ,后面括号中的 mean 表示这是一个平均值 */

Time per request:       3234.651 [ms] (mean)

/* 这个还不知道是什么意思,有知道的朋友请留言,谢谢 ^_^ */

Time per request:       323.465 [ms] (mean, across all concurrent requests)

/* 平均每秒网络上的流量,可以帮助排除是否存在网络流量过大导致响应时间延长的问题 */

Transfer rate:          1.55 [Kbytes/sec] received

/* 网络上消耗的时间的分解,各项数据的具体算法还不是很清楚 */

Connection Times (ms)

              min  mean[+/-sd] median   max

Connect:       20  318 926.1     30    2954

Processing:    40 2160 1462.0   3034    3154

Waiting:       40 2160 1462.0   3034    3154

Total:         60 2479 1276.4   3064    3184

 

/* 下面的内容为整个场景中所有请求的响应情况。在场景中每个请求都有一个响应时间,其中 50  的用户响应时间小于 3064 毫秒, 60  的用户响应时间小于 3094 毫秒,最大的响应时间小于 3184 毫秒 */

Percentage of the requests served within a certain time (ms)

  50%   3064

  66%   3094

  75%   3124

  80%   3154

  90%   3184

  95%   3184

  98%   3184

  99%   3184

  100%   3184 (longest request)

 

更多信息

ab 不像 LR 那么强大,但是它足够轻便,如果只是在开发过程中想检查一下某个模块的响应情况,或者做一些场景比较简单的测试, ab 还是一个不错的选择——至少不用花费很多时间去学习 LR 那些复杂的功能,就更别说那 License 的价格了。

下面是 ab 的详细参数解释,大家有兴趣的可以研究一下,最近没有足够多的时间研究,如果哪位朋友有兴趣希望可以帮忙翻译一下每个参数的含义,有问题讨论也欢迎在这里回帖 ^_^

ab [ - A auth-username : password ] [ - c concurrency ] [ - C cookie-name = value ] [ - d ] [ - ecsv-file ] [ - g gnuplot-file ] [ - h ] [ - H custom-header ] [ - i ] [ - k ] [ - n requests ] [ - pPOST-file ] [ - P proxy-auth-username : password ] [ - q ] [ - s ] [ - S ] [ - t timelimit ] [ - Tcontent-type ] [ - v verbosity ] [ - V ] [ - w ] [ - x <table>-attributes ] [ - X proxy [: port ] ] [ - y<tr>-attributes ] [ - z <td>-attributes ] [http://] hostname [: port ]/ path

 

-A auth-username : password

Supply BASIC Authentication credentials to the server. The username and password are separated by a single : and sent on the wire base64 encoded. The string is sent regardless of whether the server needs it (i.e. , has sent an 401 authentication needed).

-c concurrency

Number of multiple requests to perform at a time. Default is one request at a time.

-C cookie-name = value

Add a Cookie: line to the request. The argument is typically in the form of a name = value pair. This field is repeatable.

-d

Do not display the "percentage served within XX [ms] table". (legacy support).

-e csv-file

Write a Comma separated value (CSV) file which contains for each percentage (from 1% to 100%) the time (in milliseconds) it took to serve that percentage of the requests. This is usually more useful than the 'gnuplot' file; as the results are already 'binned'.

-g gnuplot-file

Write all measured values out as a 'gnuplot' or TSV (Tab separate values) file. This file can easily be imported into packages like Gnuplot, IDL, Mathematica, Igor or even Excel. The labels are on the first line of the file.

-h

Display usage information.

-H custom-header

Append extra headers to the request. The argument is typically in the form of a valid header line, containing a colon-separated field-value pair (i.e. , "Accept-Encoding: zip/zop;8bit" ).

-i

Do HEAD requests instead of GET .

-k

Enable the HTTP KeepAlive feature, i.e. , perform multiple requests within one HTTP session. Default is no KeepAlive.

-n requests

Number of requests to perform for the benchmarking session. The default is to just perform a single request which usually leads to non-representative benchmarking results.

-p POST-file

File containing data to POST.

-P proxy-auth-username : password

Supply BASIC Authentication credentials to a proxy en-route. The username and password are separated by a single : and sent on the wire base64 encoded. The string is sent regardless of whether the proxy needs it (i.e. , has sent an 407 proxy authentication needed).

-q

When processing more than 150 requests, ab outputs a progress count on stderr every 10% or 100 requests or so. The -q flag will suppress these messages.

-s

When compiled in ( ab -h will show you) use the SSL protected https rather than the http protocol. This feature is experimental and very rudimentary. You probably do not want to use it.

-S

Do not display the median and standard deviation values, nor display the warning/error messages when the average and median are more than one or two times the standard deviation apart. And default to the min/avg/max values. (legacy support).

-t timelimit

Maximum number of seconds to spend for benchmarking. This implies a -n 50000 internally. Use this to benchmark the server within a fixed total amount of time. Per default there is no timelimit.

-T content-type

Content-type header to use for POST data.

-v verbosity

Set verbosity level - 4 and above prints information on headers, 3 and above prints response codes (404, 200, etc.), 2 and above prints warnings and info.

-V

Display version number and exit.

-w

Print out results in HTML tables. Default table is two columns wide, with a white background.

-x <table>-attributes

String to use as attributes for <table> . Attributes are inserted <table here > .

-X proxy [: port ]

Use a proxy server for the requests.

-y <tr>-attributes

String to use as attributes for <tr> .

-z <td>-attributes

String to use as attributes for <td>

 

2 ab也可以运行在windows中,如果在windows下安装apache,就可以在bin下找到ab.exe

直接就可以使用,不用依赖其他的dll

下面是我使用ab.exe 测试新浪一个页面的结果:

 

C:\Users\nickyjf\Desktop\useful>ab -n1000 -c100 http://sports.sina.com.cn/k/2011-05-24/12095590365.shtml 
This is ApacheBench, Version 2.3 <Revision:655654
Copyright 1996 Adam Twiss, Zeus Technology Ltd, http://www.zeustech.net/ 
Licensed to The Apache Software Foundation, http://www.apache.org/

Benchmarking sports.sina.com.cn (be patient) 
Completed 100 requests 
Completed 200 requests 
Completed 300 requests 
Completed 400 requests 
Completed 500 requests 
Completed 600 requests 
Completed 700 requests 
Completed 800 requests 
Completed 900 requests 
Completed 1000 requests 
Finished 1000 requests


Server Software:        Apache/2.0.63 
Server Hostname:        sports.sina.com.cn 
Server Port:            80

Document Path:          /k/2011-05-24/12095590365.shtml 
Document Length:        86680 bytes

Concurrency Level:      100 
Time taken for tests:   66.453 seconds 
Complete requests:      1000 
Failed requests:        0 
Write errors:           0 
Total transferred:      87135790 bytes 
HTML transferred:       86680000 bytes 
Requests per second:    15.05 [#/sec] (mean) 
Time per request:       6645.294 [ms] (mean) 
Time per request:       66.453 [ms] (mean, across all concurrent requests) 
Transfer rate:          1280.51 [Kbytes/sec] received

Connection Times (ms) 
              min  mean[+/-sd] median   max 
Connect:        1   56 398.3      2    3003 
Processing:    89 6331 2603.7   6293   14626 
Waiting:        2 1748 1485.9   1590    6284 
Total:         90 6388 2615.0   6302   14627

Percentage of the requests served within a certain time (ms) 
  50%   6302 
  66%   7121 
  75%   8435 
  80%   9193 
  90%   9231 
  95%   9385 
  98%  11549 
  99%  12459 
100%  14627 (longest request)

 

 

3 apache的ab工具也算是一种ddos攻击工具

apacheBench对网站进行压力测试

  • 0

    开心

    开心

  • 0

    板砖

    板砖

  • 0

    感动

    感动

  • 0

    有用

    有用

  • 0

    疑问

    疑问

  • 0

    难过

    难过

  • 0

    无聊

    无聊

  • 0

    震惊

    震惊

编辑推荐
apache有一个自带的压力测试工具ab.exe,在apache安装目录下的bin目录中,使用该工具可以模拟多个用
情境压力测试即主体向被观察者布置一定任务和作业,借以观察个体完成任务的行为。工作样本测验、无
打开Microsoft web Application Stress工具按下图顺序操作: 1、 2、点击Record 3、 4、在浏览器中
用VSTS进行网站压力测试 VSTS提供了一个丰富、强大的工具平台,融合了软件开发领域的各个角色,涵盖
2012-5 27 (总结)Web性能压力测试工具之ApacheBench(ab)详解 发表于: Apache, Linux, Web, Web
Web性能压力测试工具之ApacheBench详解  PS:网站性能压力测试是性能调优过程中必不可少的一环。只
http://www.ha97.com/4617.html PS:网站性能压力测试是性能调优过程中必不可少的一环。只有让服务
Android可以使用Monkey向应用发送一连串的随机操作,就好像把手机交给一只猴子让它任意操作一样,以
http://www.cnblogs.com/mongo/p/4910249.html 基本简介 ApacheBench 是一个指令列程式,专门用来执
原创作品,允许转载,转载时请务必以超链接形式标明文章 原始出处 、作者信息和本声明。否则将追究
版权所有 IT知识库 CopyRight © 2009-2015 IT知识库 IT610.com , All Rights Reserved. 京ICP备09083238号