当前位置:首页 > 开发 > 系统架构 > 架构 > 正文

使用MVC4,Ninject,EF,Moq,构建一个真实的应用电子商务SportsStore(九)

发表于: 2015-11-13   作者:互联网   来源:转载   浏览:
摘要: 实在不好意思,好久没有更新了,我不想找些客观原因来解释,只想请大家见谅!现在我们继续我们的项目,客户已经完成了订单的确认,但我们还没有一个地方可以让客户输入他们的收货信息,我们的商品没办法发货,这是个严重的问题,我们必须解决它。现在,我们就在SportsStore.Domain工程的Entities文件夹中添加一个ShippingDetails类,在这个类中,我们使用了System.Compone

实在不好意思,好久没有更新了,我不想找些客观原因来解释,只想请大家见谅!现在我们继续我们的项目,客户已经完成了订单的确认,但我们还没有一个地方可以让客户输入他们的收货信息,我们的商品没办法发货,这是个严重的问题,我们必须解决它。现在,我们就在SportsStore.Domain工程的Entities文件夹中添加一个ShippingDetails类,在这个类中,我们使用了System.ComponentModel.DataAnnotations命名空间,去验证客户的输入:

using System;

using System.Collections.Generic;

using System.Linq;

using System.Text;

using System.Threading.Tasks;

using System.ComponentModel.DataAnnotations;



namespace SportsStore.Domain.Entities

{

    public class ShippingDetails

    {

        [Required(ErrorMessage = "Please enter a name")]

        public string Name { get; set; }

        [Required(ErrorMessage = "Please enter the first address line")]

        public string Line1 { get; set; }         public string Line2 { get; set; }         public string Line3 { get; set; }

        [Required(ErrorMessage = "Please enter a city name")]

        public string City { get; set; }

        [Required(ErrorMessage = "Please enter a state name")]

        public string State { get; set; }

        public string Zip { get; set; }

        [Required(ErrorMessage = "Please enter a country name")]

        public string Country { get; set; }

        public bool GiftWrap { get; set; }

    } 

}

我们的目的是让用户输入收货的详细信息后能够去付款,毕竟要赚钱吗,这个没啥不好意思的,我们这就去修改一下我们的summary视图,打开Views/Cart/Index.cshtml文件,我们要在这添加一个支付按钮,修改文件的最后部分像下面的样子,然后,运行一下你的代码,看看效果:)

</table> <p align="center" class="actionButtons">

         <a href="@Model.ReturnUrl">继续购物</a>

         @Html.ActionLink("支付", "Checkout") </p>

正如你所预见的,现在我们要为CartController类添加一个Checkout Action方法:

public ViewResult Checkout() { 

            return View(new ShippingDetails()); 

        }

Checkout方法返回一个默认的view,并传递一个new ShippingDetails对象作为view model. 现在我们就去创建一个ShippingDetails类型的强视图:

image

修改视图代码如下:

 

@model SportsStore.Domain.Entities.ShippingDetails  

@{     ViewBag.Title = "SportStore: Checkout"; }  

<h2>现在支付</h2> 

请输入你的详细信息, 我们会根据您的信息发货! 

@using (Html.BeginForm()) {    

                                                                                            

                           <h3>发货到</h3>     

    <div>姓名: @Html.EditorFor(x => x.Name)</div>  

    <h3>地址</h3>    

     <div>Line 1: @Html.EditorFor(x => x.Line1)</div> 

        <div>Line 2: @Html.EditorFor(x => x.Line2)</div> 

    <div>Line 3: @Html.EditorFor(x => x.Line3)</div>     

    <div>城市: @Html.EditorFor(x => x.City)</div>    

     <div>区: @Html.EditorFor(x => x.State)</div>   

      <div>邮编: @Html.EditorFor(x => x.Zip)</div>    

     <div>国家: @Html.EditorFor(x => x.Country)</div>  

    <h3>可选项</h3>    

     <label>         

         @Html.EditorFor(x => x.GiftWrap)         作为礼品包装我的商品    



     </label>             

     <p align="center">        

          <input class="actionButtons" type="submit" value="完成订单" />    



     </p>

}

实现订单处理器

我们需要一个组件,通过这个组件,我们能够容易的把握订单的处理流程,为了保持遵守MVC模型的基本原则,我们要定义一个接口,写一个这个接口的实现类,使我们的DI容器和 Ninject和这个实现类整合在一起.
添加一个IOrderProcessor接口到SportsStore.Domain工程的Abstract文件夹:

using SportsStore.Domain.Entities;

namespace SportsStore.Domain.Abstract

{

    public interface IOrderProcessor

    {

        void ProcessOrder(Cart cart, ShippingDetails shippingDetails);

    }

}

实现接口

IOrderProcessor接口的实现类将通过发送额email给管理员处理订单,当然了,我们简化了这个流程,真正的大型商务网站不只是发邮件这么简单! 现在我们要创建一个新类,叫做 EmailOrderProcessor,把它放在SportsStore.Domain工程的Concrete文件夹中,这个类我们使用.NET Framework library内建的SMTP去发送邮件:

using System.Net.Mail; 

using System.Text;

using SportsStore.Domain.Abstract; 

using SportsStore.Domain.Entities; 

using System.Net;  



namespace SportsStore.Domain.Concrete {  

    public class EmailSettings {        

        public string MailToAddress = "orders@example.com";    

        public string MailFromAddress = "sportsstore@example.com";  

        public bool UseSsl = true;   

        public string Username = "MySmtpUsername";   

        public string Password = "MySmtpPassword";    

        public string ServerName = "smtp.example.com"; 

        public int ServerPort = 587;      

        public bool WriteAsFile = false;   

        public string FileLocation = @"c:\sports_store_emails";   

    }  



    public class EmailOrderProcessor :IOrderProcessor {   

  

        private EmailSettings emailSettings;  



        public EmailOrderProcessor(EmailSettings settings) 

        { 

            emailSettings = settings;      

        }  



        public void ProcessOrder(Cart cart, ShippingDetails shippingInfo) 

        { 

 

            using (var smtpClient = new SmtpClient()) 

            {  

                smtpClient.EnableSsl = emailSettings.UseSsl;  

                smtpClient.Host = emailSettings.ServerName;    

                smtpClient.Port = emailSettings.ServerPort;  

                smtpClient.UseDefaultCredentials = false;       

                smtpClient.Credentials = new NetworkCredential(emailSettings.Username, emailSettings.Password);  



                if (emailSettings.WriteAsFile) {     

                    smtpClient.DeliveryMethod  = SmtpDeliveryMethod.SpecifiedPickupDirectory; 

                    smtpClient.PickupDirectoryLocation = emailSettings.FileLocation;     

                    smtpClient.EnableSsl = false;   

                }  

                StringBuilder body = new StringBuilder().AppendLine("A new order has been submitted")

                    .AppendLine("---").AppendLine("Items:");  



                foreach (var line in cart.Lines) { 

                     var subtotal = line.Product.Price * line.Quantity;  

                    body.AppendFormat("{0} x {1} (subtotal: {2:c}", line.Quantity, line.Product.Name, subtotal);                 }  

                body.AppendFormat("Total order value: {0:c}", cart.ComputeTotalValue()).AppendLine("---")

                    .AppendLine("Ship to:").AppendLine(shippingInfo.Name).AppendLine(shippingInfo.Line1)

                    .AppendLine(shippingInfo.Line2 ?? "") .AppendLine(shippingInfo.Line3 ?? "")

                    .AppendLine(shippingInfo.City).AppendLine(shippingInfo.State ?? "")

                    .AppendLine(shippingInfo.Country) .AppendLine(shippingInfo.Zip).AppendLine("---")

                    .AppendFormat("Gift wrap: {0}",shippingInfo.GiftWrap ? "Yes" : "No");  



                MailMessage mailMessage = new MailMessage(emailSettings.MailFromAddress,   // From  

                    emailSettings.MailToAddress,     // To 

                    "New order submitted!",          // Subject   

                    body.ToString());                // Body  



                if (emailSettings.WriteAsFile)

                { 

                    mailMessage.BodyEncoding = Encoding.ASCII;

                }  

                smtpClient.Send(mailMessage);             

            }        

        }

    }

}

注册实现类

为了让Ninject能够创建 IOrderProcessor接口的实现类,我们必须添加一些代码到SportsStore.WebUI 工程的NinjectControllerFactory 类的AddBindings 方法,到这个方法里添加代码,不用我说你也知道要干什么事了,马上动手吧!

using System;

using System.Collections.Generic;

using System.Linq;

using System.Web;

using System.Web.Mvc;

using System.Web.Routing;

using SportsStore.Domain.Abstract;

using SportsStore.Domain.Entities;

using Moq;

using Ninject;

using SportsStore.Domain.Concrete;

using System.Configuration; 



namespace SportsStore.WebUI.Infrastructure

{

    public class NinjectControllerFactory: DefaultControllerFactory

    {



            private IKernel ninjectKernel;



            public NinjectControllerFactory() {

                ninjectKernel = new StandardKernel();

                AddBindings();

            }



            protected override IController GetControllerInstance(RequestContext

                requestContext, Type controllerType) {



                return controllerType == null ? null : (IController)ninjectKernel.Get(controllerType);

            }



            private void AddBindings() {



                Mock<IProductsRepository> mock = new Mock<IProductsRepository>();



                //mock.Setup(m => m.Products).Returns(new List<Product> {

                //    new Product { Name = "Football", Price = 25 },

                //    new Product { Name = "Surf board", Price = 179 },

                //    new Product { Name = "Running shoes", Price = 95 }

                //}.AsQueryable());

                //ninjectKernel.Bind<IProductsRepository>().ToConstant(mock.Object);

                ninjectKernel.Bind<IProductsRepository>().To<EFProductRepository>();



                EmailSettings emailSettings = new EmailSettings {

                    WriteAsFile = bool.Parse(ConfigurationManager.AppSettings["Email.WriteAsFile"] ?? "false") };

                ninjectKernel.Bind<IOrderProcessor>().To<EmailOrderProcessor>().WithConstructorArgument("settings", emailSettings); 

            }

         }

    }

 

 

我们创建了一个EmailSettings 对象, 当一个服务请求要求创建一个新的IOrderProcessor 接口实力的时候,我们使用Ninject的WithConstructorArgument 方法注入它到EmailOrderProcessor构造函数,因为我们使用了ConfigurationManager.AppSettings 属性去访问 Web.config文件,所以,我们要将一些配置添加到Web.config 文件中:

<appSettings>

    <add key="webpages:Version" value="2.0.0.0" />

    <add key="webpages:Enabled" value="false" />

    <add key="PreserveLoginUrl" value="true" />

    <add key="ClientValidationEnabled" value="true" />

    <add key="UnobtrusiveJavaScriptEnabled" value="true" />

    <add key="Email.WriteAsFile" value="true"/>

  </appSettings>

 

完善Cart Controller
我们要修改CartController类,让它的构造函数去要求一个IOrderProcessor接口的实现,并添加一个新的方法处理用户点击完成订单按钮时,post过来的Http请求:

        private IOrderProcessor orderProcessor;



        public CartController(IProductsRepository repo, IOrderProcessor proc)

        {

            repository = repo; orderProcessor = proc;

        }

 

        [HttpPost]

        public ViewResult Checkout(Cart cart, ShippingDetails shippingDetails)

        {

            if (cart.Lines.Count() == 0)

            { 

                ModelState.AddModelError("", "Sorry, your cart is empty!"); 

            }



            if (ModelState.IsValid) {

                orderProcessor.ProcessOrder(cart, shippingDetails); 

                cart.Clear(); return View("Completed"); 

            }

            else 

            { 

                return View(shippingDetails);

            }

        }

你现在看到了,我们添加的Checkout方法带有一个HttpPost 属性,这意味着它将为一个post请求调用,当用户提交一个表单时,我们将依赖MVC的model binder system, ShippingDetails 参数和Cart 参数创建我们的model binder。

为了展示用户的输入错误,我们需要在Checkout view中添加 @Html.ValidationSummary() 标记,看起来应该像下面的样子:

<h2>现在支付</h2> 

请输入你的详细信息, 我们会根据您的信息发货! 

@using (Html.BeginForm()) {   

     @Html.ValidationSummary()  

     <h3>发货到</h3>
     ……

展示Summary页
为了完善支付流程, 我们应该显示一个订单已经被处理的确认页给用户,右击CartController类的任意方法去添加一个视图,命名为Completed,这个视图我们不需要定义为强类型:

image

@{     ViewBag.Title = "SportsStore: Order Submitted"; }  

<h2>谢谢!</h2>

 感谢您购买我们的商品. 我们将尽可能快的发送货物给您.

 

运行你的程序前,别忘了修改你的email账户和密码,还有C盘下要建一个c:\sports_store_emails文件夹哦!在下一篇中,我们将为我们的网站创建一个CRUD的管理后台,这是所有网站都比不可少的功能,我们当然也不会少了!感谢您的关注!如果有任何问题请在我的博客上留言,我会尽可能详尽的为您解答,下篇再见!

image

使用MVC4,Ninject,EF,Moq,构建一个真实的应用电子商务SportsStore(九)

  • 0

    开心

    开心

  • 0

    板砖

    板砖

  • 0

    感动

    感动

  • 0

    有用

    有用

  • 0

    疑问

    疑问

  • 0

    难过

    难过

  • 0

    无聊

    无聊

  • 0

    震惊

    震惊

版权所有 IT知识库 CopyRight © 2009-2015 IT知识库 IT610.com , All Rights Reserved. 京ICP备09083238号